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African American Subculture

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Joy OKeke

on 2 December 2013

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Transcript of African American Subculture

The African American Subculture
The African-American Subculture
Why did we choose this subculture?

The African-American subculture is really relevant to the United State’s overall culture and the history of our country. Furthermore, besides the minority's importance to the overall American culture, the subculture has also been extremely relevant to the materials we have learned and discussed in class.
Population Density
- According to the 2011 census, the population of African Americans was estimated to make up 12.8% of the U.S. population (over 39 million people)

- Also, the US Census Bureau projects that by the year 2060 there will be 77.4 million African Americans in the US, making up 18.4% of the country's total population.

Food & Diet
- Historically, African-American rites revolved
around food. The culture is based on religious ceremonies, feasting, cooking, and raising food. The popular term for African-American cooking is “soul food.”

- Common ways for African-Americans to prepare food include frying, barbecuing, and serving foods with gravy and sauces. Home-baked cakes and pies are also common.

- There is a connection between West African and African American cooking. Many ingredients used in African American cuisine have African roots. Enslaved Africans—most of whom came from West Africa— introduced okra, peanuts, sesame, and black-eyed peas into the North American diet. The uses of deep-frying and spicy seasonings are both important in West African and African American cuisine as well.

- Peanuts were also first brought to the Americas by African-Americans

- Which special foods and dishes are part of your culture? How do you prepare them? Are there special occasions when you eat them?


Pop Culture
Music
Family & Parenting
- As of 2010, 50 percent of African-American children lived in a home with their mother but not their father. The percent of childbirths in the Black community that are out-of-wedlock today is an astonishing 72 percent. The number of African-American women married and living with their spouse is only at about 25 percent.

- Why do you think it is common that African-American families are like this today?
Education
Views on Sexuality, Gender & Self
Views on Mental Health
Treatment by Dominant/Other Groups
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/aaworld/timeline/civil_04.html
Art & Literature
- Expression of Art: influenced by cultural traditions, including those from Europe, Africa, and the Americas.

- Traditional African-American art forms include the range of plastic arts, from basket weaving, pottery, and quilting to woodcarving and painting.









- Harriet Powers, an African-American folk artist and quilt maker, was born into slavery in the United States. She used local legends, Bible stories, and astronomical events on her quilts. Her quilts are considered among the finest examples of 19th-century Southern quilting.
Movie Industry
Narratives and Quotes
Works Cited

"Demographics of the United States." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 30 Nov. 2013. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 02 July 2013. Web. 29 Nov. 2013.

"Film “Soul Food Junkies” Examines African American Cuisine and Culture." Bay Area Bites. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.

"Result Filters." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.

"Carnegie Hall Presents Honor! A Celebration of the African American Cultural Legacy - A History." Carnegie Hall Presents Honor! A Celebration of the African American Cultural Legacy - A History. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.

"Enculturation: Steven Best and Douglas Kellner." Enculturation: Steven Best and Douglas Kellner. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.

"TheGrio." TheGrio. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.

"NAMI - The National Alliance on Mental Illness." NAMI. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2013.

"African Americans." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.

PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2013.

"African American Quotes." Black Racism::African American Quotes. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.

"Result Filters." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.

"TODAY.com." TODAY.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.

- Rap music has emerged as one of the most distinctive and controversial music genres of the past decade. In this cultural context, rap provides a voice to the voiceless, a form of protest to the oppressed, and a mode of alternative cultural style and identity to the marginalized. It is an informational medium to tune into, one that describes the rage of African-Americans facing growing oppression, declining opportunities for advancement, changing moods on the streets, and everyday life as a matter of sheer survival.
- 1915: Race Movies - George and Noble Johnson found the first African American owned studio, The Lincoln Motion Picture Company.

- 1931: Talkies - Oscar Micheaux’s “The Exile” is the first feature-length sound film from a black director

- 1964: Signing A Contract - Lena Home was the first African American actress to sign a long-term contract with a major studio

- 1970’s: Blaxploitation - film genre emerged in the US and is considered an ethnic subgenre of the general category of exploitation films. Blaxploitation films were originally made specifically for an urban black audience, although the genre's audience appeal soon broadened across racial and ethnic lines.

- 2002- A Golden Year - Denzel Washington and Halle Berry become the first African Americans to win Academy Awards in both the Best Actor and Best Actress categories.
Articles From Class
“White priviledge: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack”
by Peggy McIntosh

I decided to try to work on myself at least by identifying some of the daily effects of white
privilege in my life. I have chosen those conditions that I think in my case attach somewhat
more to skin-color privilege than to class, religion, ethnic status, or geographic location,
though of course all these other factors are intricately intertwined. As far as I can tell, my
African American coworkers, friends, and acquaintances with whom I come into daily or
frequent contact in this particular time, place and line of work cannot count on most of
these conditions.

I can go shopping alone most of the time, pretty well assured that I will not be followed
or harass
I can take a job with an affirmative action employer without having coworkers on the
job suspect that I got it because of race.

What do you know about the
African-America culture?
1. A dashiki is a:
a) Hairstyle
b) Special dessert
c) Loose-fitting garment
d) Musical instrument

2. The term cornrow describes a:
a) Style of clothing
b) Christmas ornament
c) Dish for dinner
d) Hairstyle

3. Which of the following foods was brought to the Americas by African Americans?
a) Apples
b) Rice
c) Corn
d) Peanuts

4. Which form of music was started by African Americans?
a) Country
b) Opera
c) Jazz
d) Barber shop quartet

5. Which language is spoken in over 800 countries of Africa?
a) Swahili
b) Tagalog
c) French
d) Dutch

Fashion
- 1 in 3 African-Americas who need mental health care receive it.

- African Americans in the United States are less likely to receive accurate diagnoses than their Caucasian counterparts.

- For instance, Schizophrenia has been shown to be over diagnosed in the African American population

-Compared to the US population, African-Americans are more likely to stop care early and not receive follow up care.

- What other ways is mental health racially biased?
"I was just embarrassed. Getting this type of help has, and continues to be, like a sore thumb in the African American community. Unfortunately, I don't have insurance, so my fear was that if I sought help, it would not be good because I couldn't afford it."

- On seeking mental help

I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit together at the table of brotherhood.

- Martin Luther King, Jr.

I freed a thousand slaves I could have freed a thousand more if only they knew they were slaves.

- Harriet Tubman

“the underlying struggle - between worlds of plenty and worlds of want; between the modern and the ancient; between those who embrace our teeming, colliding, irksome diversity, while still insisting on a set of values that binds us together, and those who would seek, under whatever flag or slogan or sacred text, a certainty and simplification that justifies cruelty toward those not like us…”

- Barack Obama
Thank You!!
Max Fishel
Adam Graehling
Isaiah Watts
Lauren Fotta
Andrew Osburn
Joy Okeke
Pilar Cisneros

- Do stereotypes, discrimination, and prejudices come from a ethnocentric mentality held by the dominant (white) ethnic family and does this affect mental health in African Americans?

- A people's identity is determined by the behavior of that people as they wield their name in the real world. In other words, to be African American is defined by the behavior of the people who claim that name.
“Race as Biology Is Fiction, Racism as a Social
Problem Is Real”
Section: The components of Racial… pg. 19

There is widespread agreement in historical and
sociological studies about the following characteristics:
This material has been analyzed and
these ingredients identified as diagnostic social characteristics of race in North America


They hold that races are naturally unequal and
therefore must be ranked hierarchically (inequality is fundamental to all racial systems). In the United States and
South Africa, Africans and their descendants occupy the
lowest level of the hierarchy.
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