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Creation of Laws in Canada

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Davie Wong

on 15 May 2014

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Transcript of Creation of Laws in Canada

The Passing of a Law In Canada; Flow Chart
Step 1: First Reading
The bill is introduced to the House of Commons. It is not debated at this time.
House of Commons
- Made of members of political parties elected during the election
- All members of Parliament, or MP's
- The party with the most seats makes up the government
- The party with the second most seats makes up the official opposition
Part of the
Legislative Branch
Step 2. The Second Reading
-Most bills are from ministers of the country
- Some bills are suggested by members of the House of Commons
- These bills are called Private member's bill
- They are very rarely passed
The principle and purpose of the bill are debated within the House of Commons
Special members of the House of Commons include but are not limited to;
- The party whips, who makes sure that all members of his/her respective political party are in the House of Commons for an important vote or event
- Backbenchers are MP's that are cabinet ministers, members of the official opposition, or party leaders
Step 3. Committee Stage
A committee examines the bill clause by clause. It may makes amendments to the bill if they do not believe it meets the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Step 4. Report Stage
Committee members report back to the House of Commons. The MP's of the House take time to review amendments that were made to the bill
Step 5. Third Reading
MP's have a final opportunities to review and amend the bill.
Step 5. Senate
The Senate is made up of Senators, recommended by the Prime minister.
When they are given a bill, the bill is read 3 times more in a process similar to the one used in the House of Commons.
Part of the
The Speaker, is the Liaison between the House of Commons and the Senate, and also the Crown.
His/Her job is to maintain the House of Commons and supervises it's staff.
Step 6. Royal Assent
The Governor General of Canada gives the royal assent, making it become law.
The Governor General is a representative of the Queen of England. He has the sole ability to pass bills and turn them into law. As of the King-Byng situation, the Governor General can no longer refuse the Prime Minister.
Part of the
And the
Executive Branch
Prime Minister and his Cabinet
The cabinet is made up of members of the Prime Minister's political party. They are the ones that suggest most of the bills in the House of Commons.
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