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Grammar Key #7:

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by

Christine Loomer

on 2 October 2015

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Transcript of Grammar Key #7:

Grammar Key #7:
Articles

- The -
Rule
1. Use
the
when you are talking about something specific.
General
: All of us have an umbrella
Specific
: The umbrella next to the door is not mine.

2. Use
the
when the speaker and the listener are talking about the same specific item.
General
: Every kitchen has a refrigerator.
Specific
: William, don’t forget to close the refrigerator!

3. Use
the
for the second and all other references to the same noun.
First reference
: James and I bought a new computer last month.
Second reference
: The computer lets us access the Internet really quickly.

4. Use
the
with the superlative form of an adjective, which means with the word most or with ending -est
Comparative
: In a jewelry store, gold is more expensive than silver.
Superlative
: In a jewelry store, diamonds are the most expensive item.

5. Use
the
for the names of countries that look plural, including countries that end
In –s or have the words united, union, republic, or kingdom. the Philippines, the Netherlands
the
United States,
the
Soviet Union
the
Dominican Republic,
the
Republic of Angola
the
United Kingdom,
the
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

6. Use
the
with most bodies of water except individual lakes.
the
Mississippi River
the
Pacific Ocean
the
Mediterranean Sea
the
Great Lakes (but Lake Michigan)


- A or An -
Remember, words that begin with
"h"
or
"u"
can be problematic.
The use of
"a"
or
"an"
depends on the
sound
Common ELL Mistakes
I want job.

I will be there in a hour.

I don't like to go to the cities.

You always must keep the hope.
Comparing Other Languages
Ideas for Teaching
Sample Lesson Plan
Discussion Questions
Use
"a"
before a noun or adjective that begins with a
consonant

sound
Use
"an"
before a noun or adjective that begins with a
vowel

sound
a
d
og
a
b
lue dog
an
a
lien
an
o
range alien
a
h
at
a
u
nicorn
an
h
our

an
u
mbrella
Arabic
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Russian
French
Spanish
Arabic has a
definite article, but no
indefinite article

In Arabic, you would say,
"My favorite sport
is the tennis"
These languages do
not have articles.
Some have a word for
'this' or 'that', which
ELLs will overuse


You would say,
"Dog eats food"
These languages have definite and indefinite articles.
However, a definite article must be used with abstract nouns.
They also have plural articles.
In these languages, you would say, "You must show the compassion"
Know the
native
language
Beginning:
Teach the article with the noun
Intermediate:
Discuss abstract nouns
Advanced:
Teach idioms and expressions
1. One way to make learning comprehensible to ELLs is to use a variety of techniques to make concepts clear and understandable. Some examples would be modeling, visuals, hands-on activities, demonstrations, gestures, and body language. Explain how you could use one or more of these techniques to be sure your students understand one of the components mentioned in this key.
2. Frequent opportunities for interaction and discussion between students with their peers, is an important way to keep the students engaged in the lesson. Name one way you would encourage your students to interact to ensure they understood how to use articles in the English language correctly.
3. Supplementary materials to aid our English learners in order to enhance their language acquisition is imperative. What are some supplementary materials you might use in a lesson on articles? Tell the age of your students and how you would you use the materials.
1. When you want to talk about a category or group in general, use no article.
General
: Cats can be great pets.
Specific:
The cats in the pet store are expensive.

2. Use no article before abstract nouns such as feelings or ideas.

Wrong:
A person’s future success depends on the education.
Correct:
A person’s future success depends on education.
Wrong
: The patience is a virtue.
Correct
: Patience is a virtue.




No Article
http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-lesson-articles.php#.Vg1hbKyIeBk.email
http://educators.brainpop.com/lesson-plan/1-3-1-definite-indefinite-articles-lesson-plan/
https://esl.brainpop.com/
Full transcript