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17th Century England

English Literature II class content at UGB in August 2014

Paulo Lima

on 18 August 2014

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Transcript of 17th Century England

Cavalier Poets

The World in
Milton’s Time

John Milton

17th Century Chronology

1688 - 1702

Mary, daughter of James II, rules England with her husband William of Orange.
War against the Sun King of France, Louis XIV.
17th Century Chronology

1685 - 1688

James II, brother of Charles II, is king

Charles II

May 29, 1660: Charles II returns from his exile in France
to power
Licentious life of the court vs. sober life of puritans
Reopening of theaters
Satirical writing as one chief characteristic of Restoration
Robert Herrick

Gather ye rosebuds while ye may,
old time is still flying, and this same flower that smiles today
Tomorrow will be dying
London before the Great Fire

17th Century Chronology

1660 - 1685

England is ruled by Charles II
The Royal Society of London
The bubonic plague
The Great Fire of London
Oliver Cromwell

 Shipping, colonization, defeat of Dutch and Spanish at sea
 Intense spying of puritan officials
 Ruled England as absolutely as any monarch of the Stuart dynasty
 Theaters and alehouses were shut down and betting games suppressed
 Christmas festivities were considered irreligious
 Cavaliers sailed for the New World
17th Century Chronology

1649 – 1660

England is ruled by Oliver Cromwell, a Puritan and a
leader in parliament


17th Century Chronology

1625 - 1649

Charles I succeeds his father James I
Civil War breaks out
The king is beheaded

17th Century Chronology


Puritan Pilgrims leave for New England aboard the Mayflower

17th Century Chronology


Death of Elizabeth I after ruling for 45 years.
James I (James VI of Scotland) rules

Roundheads v. Cavaliers

17th Century England

Prof. Paulo Lúcio Scheffer Lima

Sir John Suckling

Out upon it, I have loved
Three whole days together!
And am like to love three more,
If it prove fair weather.
Time shall molt away his wings
Ere he shall discover
In the whole wide world again
Such a constant lover.

But the spite on ’tis, no praise
Is due at all to me:
Love with me had made no stays,
Had it any been but she.
Had it any been but she,
And that very face
There had been at least ere this
A dozen dozen in her place.
The glorious lamp of heaven, the sun,
The higher he’s getting
The sooner will his race be run,
And nearer he’s to setting.
That age is best which is the first,
When youth and blood are warmer;
But being spent, the worse and worst
Times will succeed the former.
Then be not coy, but use your time,
And, while ye may, go marry;
For, having lost but once your prime,
You may forever tarry.
Struggle to assemble cooperative parliament
Full transcript