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Hamlet Act 1 Analysis

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on 9 December 2014

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Transcript of Hamlet Act 1 Analysis

Hamlet Act 1 Analysis
Scene 2 Summary
"the air bites shrewdly;it is very cold" (pg 7)
"In which the majesty of buried Denmark" (pg 3)
In this example of metonymy buried Denmark represents King Hamlet, refer to the kingdom as a whole no longer making him an individual.
"O! that this too , too solid flesh would melt Thaw and resolve itself into a dew! or that the everlasting had not fix'd his cannon 'gainst self-slaughter! O God! God! (pg 15)
In this quote the author has chosen soliloquy. He is alone and is speaking his feelings. With Hamlet having such a hard time with the death of his father he has bottled up many feelings. In this soliloquy he wishes he could die, wishes suicide was not a sin.
Scene 1 Summary
"But break, my heart, for I must hold my tongue" (L 166)
In this quote Hamlet is speaking to himself. His self reflection emphasizes how dramatic the situation in Denmark is; regarding his fathers death. It's significant to the act because the soliloquy shows Hamlet's true feelings. He too, knows things are out of order but is strong to accept them.
This quote is a perfect example of imagery. Shakespeare is able to draw a clear picture for the reader of just how cold it is in this scene. He uses a more enhanced vocabulary to really exaggerate the cold weather.
Scene 3 Summary
Scene 4 Summary
Scene 5 summary
The ghost finally speaks and tells Hamlet that he is taking a walk in purgatory. Ghost also says that he was not murdered by a viper but by his own brother Claudius and explains exactly how. Hamlet is outraged and tells the ghost that he will seek revenge on Claudius. The scene ends with Horatio and Marcellus giving their words of promise to Hamlet; keeping what had happened that night a total secret.
The ghost of King Hamlet appears in front of Hamlet, Horatio, and Marcellus. It shows the three men a sign that says he wants to speak to Hamlet. Horatio and marcellus persuade Hamlet to not follow the ghost but Hamlet is convinced that it is his fate. The two men decide to follow behind him without him knowing to make sure no harm is done to him.
The play begins on a cold night shortly after learn that Marcellus and Bernardo have seen the ghost for the past two nights. The men invite their friend Horatio, a scholar and skeptic to investigate the ghostly activity but the ghost leaves. We learn that there is a rumor that Fortinbras of Norway is planning to invade Denmark. The ghost comes back the men try to speak to it but the sound of the rooster crowing startles it and the ghost exits. The scene ends with the men agreeing to tell Hamlet about the incident.
In scene 2 King Claudius begins with a speech speaking of the unity of Denmark and the grief of his brothers death. He lightens the mood with the announcement of him and Hamlets mother, Gertrude's marriage. Claudius speaks about how Fortinbras has written to him wanting the land King Hamlet had won. After the speech Laertes enters and ask s for permission to return to France as he has just come to Denmark for the coronation of King Claudius. Hamlet begins to tell Claudius that he does not accept the marriage between him and his mother. He then threatens to take his own life. Bernardo and Horatio come in and tell Horatio that the ghost of his father awaits him
The scene opens up with Laertes advising Ophelia about her relationship with Hamlet. He tells her to forget about Hamlet and guard her chastity. She tries to follow his advice. Polonius appears and he is also given advice by Laertes. He then makes his daughter promise that she will spend no more time with Hamlet and she says that she will obey.
Theme: Masculinity
This theme appears to show the power of the male characters. The female characters are emphasized as weak and useless since they are unable to become independent. This action allows the readers to understand the authorities that the males characters have. The males are described to be much more powerful and independent thus drawing the conclusion of Hamlet taking over old King Hamlet's will of revenge.
Full transcript