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Transcript of Denmark.
Denmark has a temperate climate meaning mild winters, with mean temperatures in January and February of 32 °F, and cool summers, with a mean temperature in August of 60.3 °F.
Denmark has an average of 121 days per year with precipitation, receiving a total of about 28 in per year; autumn the wettest season and spring the driest. Cultural Geography In Northern Europe, you'll find a small kingdom. Known as one of the most egalitarian societies in the world and one of the happiest countries in the world. Denmark possesses a rich culture that's been well-preserved over the centuries. Location
Denmark is located in Northern Europe at 56°N, 10° E.
It occupies an area of 16,638.69 sq mi. Landforms/Physical Features
Denmark consists of the peninsula of Jutland and 443 named islands. Of these, 72 are inhabited. The country is flat with little elevation. The territory of Denmark can be subdivided into two eco regions: the Atlantic mixed forests and Baltic mixed forests Natural resources:
sand History Stone Age
In 12000 BC, Denmark's culture relies mostly on hunting, primarily reindeer. Villages developed around the field and around 1800 BC, the first artisans created weapons, tools, jewelry, and art in the new metal bronze. The arrival of available iron made for ground-breaking advances, including ploughs. Denmark's society of hunters and fishers quickly turned into a society of farmers. Viking Age
From the 9th to 11th century, Vikings continually raided Western Europe and the British Isles. A somewhat unified Denmark
Early in the 9th century, the areas on Jutland Peninsula become more united as they were conquered by Hardegon. His son established a reign over these territories in the early 10th century. Then, Harold Bluetooth became the first Christian king, ruling for 35 years, christianizing the danes, and completing the conquest of Denmark. Harold's son, Sweyn, conquered England in 1013. Sweyn's son, Canute the Great, reigned from 1014 to 1035, uniting Denmark, England, and Norway. The Middle Ages
In 1035, England broke away from Danish control sending Denmark into disarray for quite some time. On top of that Canute's death brought on civil war which tore apart the country. After a bloody timeline from 1086 to 1157, King Valdemar I reestablished Danish leadership in the north and brought up Denmark's first written laws. Eventually, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden are united under the rule of his daughter Margrethe in 1397. This is Denmark's first ruling queen. Sweden later gains autonomy and in 1523, under Gustavus I, independence. The Reformation
The Reformation, which originated in the early 16th century from the ideas of Martin Luther, had a considerable impact on Denmark, beginning in the mid-1520s. Some Danes wanted access to the Bible in their own language. Frustration with the established Catholic Church had already been widespread in Denmark. In the end, Denmark became officially Lutheran on October 30, 1536 by ruling of King Christian III. World War II
The Nazis invaded Denmark in 1940. In an effort to protect his people, King Christian X warned his fellow Danes to accept the occupation, but there was widespread resistance. Denmark was the only occupied country in World War II to save all its Jews from extermination by smuggling them out of the country. Napoleonic Wars
Denmark supported Napoleon in the Napoleonic Wars, for which it was punished with the loss of Norway to Sweden. In 1864, the Prussians under Bismarck and the Austrians made war on Denmark as an initial step in the unification of Germany. World War I
Denmark was neutral. Post- World War II
Starting in 1944, Denmark's relationship with its territories greatly changed. Iceland declared independence from Denmark, ending a union that had existed since 1380. In 1948, the Faroe Islands, which had also belonged to Denmark since 1380, gained independence. In 1953, Greenland officially became a territory of Denmark. Imports vs. Exports
Imports: machinery and equipment, raw materials and semi manufactures for industry, chemicals, grain and foodstuffs, consumer goods.
Exports: machinery and instruments, meat and meat products, dairy products, fish, chemicals, furniture, ships, windmills. Languages
Minority: Faroese, Greenlandic, and German
English is the predominant second language. Monetary unit:
Danish Krone Religions
Evangelical Lutheran 95%
other Protestant and Roman Catholic 3%
Muslim 2% Economy
Denmark features a modern market economy with advanced agriculture, modern small-scale and corporate industry, widespread government welfare measures, comfortable living standards, and high dependence on foreign trade. Dance
Denmark has several folk dances that have been around since the 1700’s. Arts
Denmark is considered to be abundant. Perhaps among the most well-known fairy tale writers of all time was Hans Christian Andersen. His stories like Thumbelina, The Ugly Duckling, The Tinderbox, and the Snow Queen are featured worldwide. The most famous is the Little Mermaid, where her statue can be viewed by the docks in Copenhagen. Denmark's "birth certificate", the Jelling Stone announces the unification of Denmark by Harold Bluetooth. The stone has a figure of Christ on one side and on another side a serpent wrapped around a lion. "God's Help, the People's Love, Denmark's Strength" Customs
Proper Public Behavior
Danes believe there is a proper way of behaving. Danes expect courteous behavior from everyone meaning talking in moderate tones and not doing anything to call attention to yourself.
Greetings are often casual, but it's common to shake hands and say farewell individually at arrival or departure.
In Denmark, it is common to be invited to someone's home. You should always arrive on time, because Danes are punctual in both business and social situations. You should contact the host beforehand and see whether she would like you to prepare and bring a dish along.
The Danish are recognized for their extravagant celebrations, but the biggest of all and most anticipated is Christmas. Though they celebrate this annual event for cultural reasons rather than religious ones, Denmark is said to be the place to go if you want a perfect holiday. The celebration starts on Juleaftensdag, or Christmas Eve, and three days of celebration follows, each day called Juledag.
The Danish refer to it as Nytarsaften, which is welcomed with food, fireworks, and drinks.
Saint Hans - Midsummer celebration
The celebration of the midsummer in Denmark is Saint Hans Eve. It is celebrated on the evening of June 23rd before Saint Hans Day which is on June 24th.
People in Denmark sing a traditional Danish birthday song for the the person, usually in the morning and it's custom to wave Danish flags while singing.
Queen Margrethe II
The Queen has a place in the hearts of most Danes. On New Year's Eve at 6 o'clock pm, the Queen holds her annual speech. During these 20 minutes the streets are quiet as Danes listen.
The Queen's birthday
People still celebrate Queen Margrethe on her birthday every year at the square of The Royal Palace where she lives. Thousands of people show up waving their flags and singing a birthday song for her. Government Structures
The Kingdom of Denmark is a constitutional monarchy functioning within the structure of a representative democracy. The Monarch, is head of state. Executive power goes to a Cabinet government, presided over by the Prime Minister.
Queen: Margrethe II of Denmark
Prime minister: Helle Thorning-Schmidt Region
Denmark is part of a historical cultural region called Scandinavia along with Norway and Sweden. This is a region in Northern Europe united by similar Germanic heritage and related languages. First Settlers
The first humans in Denmark arrived about 10,000 BC after the end of the last Ice Age. The first Danes began the Stone Age as hunters and fishermen. Interesting Historic Facts
The flag of Denmark, Dannebrog, is the oldest state flag in the world still in use by an independent nation. It was adopted in 1219.
Denmark is the homeland of the Germanic ethnicity and culture.
The Danish royal family is probably the oldest uninterrupted European monarch.
The architect of the iconic Sydney Opera House was the Dane Jørn Utzon.
Dyrehavsbakken, 10 km north of Copenhagen, is the world's oldest operating amusement park. Historic Contibutions
The discoveries of:
astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601)
geologist and anatomist Niels Steensen (1639-86)
The contributions of:
Niels Bohr (1885-1962) to atomic physics
Niels Finsen (1860-1904) to medical research
The fairy tales of:
Hans Christian Andersen (1805-75)
The philosophical essays of:
Soeren Kierkegaard (1813-55)
The short stories of:
Karen Blixen (1885-1962)
The symphonies of:
Carl Nielsen (1865-1931)
The architecture and design of:
Arne Jacobsen (1902-1971) Major Inventions
the GUBI chair and other "Danish Design" http://www.spiegel.de/international/zeitgeist/the-new-knut-danish-polar-bear-cub-siku-conquers-the-internet-a-806042.html 5 Themes of Geography
The article I chose is called "The 'New Knut': Danish Polar Bear Cub Siku Conquers the Internet". It is about a newborn polar bear named Siku who is raised at the Scandinavian Wildlife Park since his mother could not produce enough milk for him. Three people give him constant care, feeding him milk out of a bottle. He is popular not only with his caretakers, but his videos have also gone viral online. Through this, Siku is promoting climate change awareness, and calling much attention to the polar bears' disappearing habitat.
The themes of themes of geography found in the article are location, place, movement, and human-environment interaction. Relative location is identified when it says Siku was born on at the Scandinavian Wildlife Park in Kolind about 170 kilometers (105 miles) northwest of Copenhagen. Physical characteristics of place are displayed in the article as it explains the polar bears' melting Arctic sea ice and a rise in temperature. Movement is seen in the article as it describes zookeepers removing Siku from his mother and bringing him to the wildlife park. Human-environment interaction is the last theme of geography which was found in the passage as it describes the Scandinavian Wildlife Park. This is an environment that has been modified by humans to keep animals in a safe captivity. Siku's particular environment is described as the world's largest polar bear facility, covering two-and-a-half hectares. There was no good example of region in this article, but a historic example could be Scandinavia which Denmark is a part of along with Sweden and Norway. I would call this a perceptual region, because it is based on heritage and language. Location, place, movement, and human-environment interaction are all identified in this article.