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Fyodor Dostoevsky

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Vishnu Thiagarajan

on 22 September 2014

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Transcript of Fyodor Dostoevsky

Fyodor Dostoevsky
General Information
Found home atmosphere cold and depressing
Avidly read Russian, French, and English classics, especially Balzac and Dickens
Father murdered by serfs when Dostoevsky was 18
Suffered epileptic seizures
In 1846, he became involved in a utopian socialist group and was arrested by Tsar Nicholas I.
he was sentenced to an execution by firing squad, yet in reality it was a mock execution
Conversely, he was sentenced to 4 years of hard labor in Siberia
Early Years
Education
Received deeply religious influence from his mother
In 1838 he attended a prep school in St. Petersburg with his brother
Sent to military school
In college, he studied military engineering and went on to serve as a lieutenant
Resented studies overall
Interested in literature and humanities
In college he came into contact with poverty, alcoholism, and prostitution which he wittnessed in HS
Philosophy and Religion
Poor people in abject situations
Nationalistic, Slavophile Cultural Movement
Militantly Russian Orthodox
Disliked Catholics, Jews, and Poles
Believed that suffering was the deepest need of Russian people
Timeline
A Biography
IPA: fʲodər mʲɪˈxajləvʲɪt͡ɕ dəstɐˈjefskʲɪj
Born: November 11, 1821 in Moscow, Russia
Died: February 09, 1881 in Saint Petersburg, Russia
Nationality: Russian
Religion: Russian Orthodox
Early Years
1839
1849
1881
1864
1821
The second child of Dr. Mikhail Dostoevsky and Maria Dostoevsky, Fyodor Dostoevsky is born.
Dostoevsky's father is officially said to have died of and apoplectic seizure but rumored to have been murdered by his serfs. Leaving a portion of his estate to FD which allowed him to delve further in this writing career.
Dostoevsky is arrested for being a member of the Petroshevsky circle, but is disbanded eight months later. Ensuing his arrest a mock execution consisting of a firing squad is held.
After his first wife, Maria Issaiva's, death Dostoevsky marries Anna Snitkina who took over practical tasks in the household. Two years later,
Crime and Punishment
was published.
Fyodor Dostoevsky dies of a lung hemmorhage on February 9, 1881.
Writing Career
Two stages of writing: pre-imprisonment and post-imprisonment
Portrayal of poor is tinged with ridiculousness
Notes From the Underground was his first successful novel
Character's in novel's mirror certain personalities in Dostoevsky's life
Vladimir Nabokov claimed he had middling talent
Success as a Writer
Has impacted the writing styles of Virginia Woof, James Joyce, and Ernest Hemingway
1846: Published Poor Folk, his first novel
1848: second book, The Double, is poorly received
During these years Tsar Nicholas I, was becoming suspicious of unruly and rebellious organizations
The House of the Dead details his stay in prison
His later literature reflected transformed philosophy
Replaced stories influenced by Western ideals with darker stories such as The Possessed and The Diary of a Writer
1859: Returned to St. Petersburg and started the publications titled Time and Epoch
1864: Actually sped through Crime and Punishment to get an advance from the publisher
Writing Career
Full transcript