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An introduction to Copyright, Fair Use, and Creative Commons

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Verneva Ziga

on 25 November 2013

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Transcript of An introduction to Copyright, Fair Use, and Creative Commons

An Introduction to: Copyright, Fair Use, and Creative Commons
When someone creates something new, he Copyrights it. This certifies that he owns his creation. He can decide how it is used and he is entitled to make a profit from it. However, the rest of the public may use, critique, transform, comment on, and learn for the materials under certain circumstances.
What exactly does the law say about using other people's materials?
Creative Commons
Copyright
What is a Copyright?
According to Copyright.gov: Copyright is a form of protection grounded in the U.S. Constitution and granted by law for original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression. Copyright covers both published and unpublished works.
What does a copyright protect?
According to Copyright.gov: Copyright, a form of intellectual property law, protects original works of authorship including literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works, such as poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and architecture. Copyright does not protect facts, ideas, systems, or methods of operation, although it may protect the way these things are expressed.
Where can I find more information?
http://www.copyright.gov/
Are there any video resources?
What is Fair Use?
According to Copyright.gov: Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Law contains a list of the various purposes for which the reproduction of a particular work may be considered fair, such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research.
Fair Use
What does Fair Use really mean?
Copyrighted material can be used without permission from the owner when someone wants to use the material for educational purposes. parody, criticism, or for commentary. This line between fair use and copyright infringement is blurry so when in doubt ask permission first.
Where can I find more resources about fair use?
http://www.copyright.gov/fls/fl102.html

http://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap1.html#107

http://copyright.columbia.edu/copyright/fair-use/what-is-fair-use/

http://fairuse.stanford.edu/overview/academic-and-educational-permissions/proposed-fair-use-guidelines/
What do the experts say?
Here's another video to help you out:
Where can I learn more?
http://creativecommons.org/
What is Creative Commons?
Creative Commons is a non-profit organization that helps copyright owners share their materials with the world.
How do I find Creative Commons material?
Search here:
http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Firefox_and_CC_Search

Or here:
http://search.creativecommons.org/

Why is Creative Commons important?
What does this all mean for teachers?
Proposed Educational Guidelines and Student Focused Statement
Where can I find classroom materials online?
As an educator you have a broad range of materials you can use in your classroom. If you're in doubt, search in these websites for material protected by Creative Commons licenses:

http://search.creativecommons.org/
http://creativecommons.org/education
http://mashable.com/2007/10/27/creative-commons/

How do I avoid stealing?
Educators are generally allowed to share materials with students for academic purposes with some exceptions. Don't copy materials, learn from and build on them. Ask yourself if the copyright owner can be harmed in anyway from your use of his work. Will he lose any profit or credit for his work? If no, you should be alright. When in doubt, ask first!
YES....Usually
The Technology, Education, and Copyright Harmonization Act (TEACH Act) broadened and clarified the ways that educators could use materials protected under the Copyright Act. Under the TEACH Act and Fair Use you should be protected for most educational purposes. However, there are certain guidelines that institutions must follow to be protected. These guidelines and clarifications can be found here: http://www.copyright.com/Services/copyrightoncampus/basics/teach.html
How do I share this with my students?
Youtube.com created a couple kid friendly explanations of copyright, fair use, and creative commons that you can use with your students:

YouTube's Copyright for Kids:
Don't forget to cite your sources!
If you are using something you found online, do not forget to provide a direct link to your source so that the copyright owner gets credit for his work.
Can I use materials from the web in my classroom?
Some Practical Advice for teachers from a teacher:
Can I use Youtube, Flickr, Google, SoundCloud?
YES! YES! YES! YES!
You can adjust your settings to search for Creative Commons licensed works or start from here: http://search.creativecommons.org/
Teachers and students may directly reference other's work under the generally accepted limits outlined by ISMF here: http://www.ismf.net/resources/fairuse/
Motion media – Up to 10% or 3 minutes, whichever is less
Text material – Up to 10% or 1000 words, whichever is less
Music – Up to 10% or 30 seconds maximum
Illustrations and photographs – Up to 5 images from a single artist or photographer – No more than 10% or 15 images from a collective work
Poem – An entire poem may be used if less than 250 words – No more than one poem by a single poet or 5 poems from an anthology
Longer poems – 250 words – No more than one poem by a single poet or 5 poems from an anthology
Always cite your sources
Identify your sources on the screen as well as in a bibliography.
If you are unsure, ask!
IF you or your students are not sure that you can use Copyrighted material for your purposes, ask for permission first. If permission is granted, save the documentation for future reference.
The Copyright, Fair Use, Creative Commons, and TEACH ACT all try to protect both the creative property of Copyright owners while allowing access to the public for education, growth, inspiration, and development. Teachers use online and other materials to educate and enlighten their students. With this in mind, the only limitations should be those that harm the copyright owners financially and intellectually.
Student Focused Statement:
Some Proposed Guidelines to consider:
Copyright Page:
Creative Commons License:
IMAGES:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a9/LuMaxArt_Computer_Workgroup_Concept.jpg

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4d/Creative_commons.jpg

http://www.efeeme.com/wp-content/uploads/Copyright-17-08-11.jpg

http://pixabay.com/static/uploads/photo/2012/04/14/14/28/computer-34119_640.png

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9e/Scales_of_Justice_(PSF).png

http://capl.washjeff.edu/2/l/4040.jpg


Videos:



CIS Fair Use Legal Experts Answer Fair Use Questions - Stanford Center for Internet and Society

What is Fair Use?

YouTube Copyright School

Wanna Work Together?

Copyright Advice for Teachers from Kristin Hokanson
Resources:
http://www.copyright.gov/

http://www.copyright.gov/fls/fl102.html

http://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap1.html#107

http://copyright.columbia.edu/copyright/fair-use/what-is-fair-use/

http://fairuse.stanford.edu/overview/academic-and-educational-permissions/proposed-fair-use-guidelines/

http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Firefox_and_CC_Search

http://creativecommons.org/

http://www.copyright.com/Services/copyrightoncampus/basics/teach.html

http://search.creativecommons.org/

http://creativecommons.org/education

http://mashable.com/2007/10/27/creative-commons/

http://www.ismf.net/resources/fairuse/
Image Source: http://www.efeeme.com/los-musicos-estadounidenses-podrian-recuperar-el-control-de-sus-masters-por-una-clausula-de-la-ley-del-copyright/ August 17, 2011
Image Source: http://pixabay.com/p-34119/?no_redirect 4/14/12 Public Domain CC0
Image Source: Pearson Scott Forseman donated to Wikimedia Foundation 9/23/08 http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Scales_of_Justice_(PSF).png
Image source: John Randell 3/3/10 http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Creative_commons.jpg
Image Source: Lumaxart Workgroup SpectrumG03509 1/9/08 http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:LuMaxArt_Computer_Workgroup_Concept.jpg
Image Source: capl@washjeff.edu 2013 http://capl.washjeff.edu/browseresults.php?langID=2&photoID=4040&size=l

<a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/deed.en_US"><img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0" src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/3.0/88x31.png" /></a><br />This work is licensed under a <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/deed.en_US">Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License</a>.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License
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