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Mountain Forests

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on 19 June 2015

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Transcript of Mountain Forests

Mountain Forests Biome
Table of Contents
Ecosystems
PLANTS
CHALLENGES
Endangered:
Common Animals
Overview
Intro - Ru
Ecosystems - Jordan
Endangered animals - Jeremy
Common animals - Jason
Plants - Ru
Food chain - Jason
Abiotic features - Andy
Human impacts - Nitin

1. What is the mountain forest biome?
Ru Pei
2. What are some characteristics of the biome? How does it differ from others?
3. Where is it located in the world/in Canada
What is the mountain forest biome?
Characteristics/Statistics

high mountain
= alps
Location
Bighorn Sheep
Alpine Phacelia
Moss Campion
Pygmy Bitterroot
CO2
CO2
CO2
CO2
CO2
CO2
CO2
CO2
CO2
CO2
=
1. High altitude
2. Cold and wind
Alpine Phacelia
Common names: Silky Phacelia, Purple Fringe
Genus: Phacelia Species: Serirea
Phacelia
"phakelos"
1 - 2 ft.
Soil condition:
Rocky
Open
Wooden
Moss Campion
Common names: none
Genus: Silene Species: Acaulis
10 - 15 cm
small leaves
Soil condition:
Sandy
Rocky
Pygmy Bitterroot
Common names: Alpine Bitterroot, Pursh
Genus: Lewisia Species: Pygmaea
4 in

long, skinny leaves
Soil condition:
Open area above tree line
4 - 6 in
8 in
Eats:
Eaten By:
-grass
-shrubs
-bears
-wolves
-cougars
-coyotes
-eagles
Bald Eagle
Eats:
-fish
-birds
-small mammals
How the Mountains were formed
GROWING SEASON
The part of the year in which precipitation and temperature allow for plants to grow
Jordan Crooks
Human Effects
Formed in the Cenozoic Period
Formation similar to a rug on a hard floor
Formed when North American and Pacific plates rubbed together
700km wide
Mountains run North South
Has glaciers (only other place is Arctic)
Eaten By:
-n/a (top of food chain)
by: Ru Pei, Jeremy Kim, Andy Bowman, Nitin Reddy, Jason Chen, Jordan Crooks
Air rises and expands; cools quickly
Mountains have a very high altitude
Mt.Robson is the tallest mountain: 3 954m
Warmer temperatures along the mountain base
Not uncommon have snow in the summer
The White Sturgeon
Tourism
Development and Threats
In the past
-these large fish are known to grow up to 6 meters long (as big as a small School Bus) and over 600kg

-acipenser transmontanus

-Largest freshwater fish in North America

-Largest in sturgeon family
Rubber Boa
Eats:
-eggs
-lizards
-small birds
-bats
-other snakes
Eaten By:
-any larger animals
-80% of area preserved
- roads
- towns
- logging
- construction
- hunting
- oil exploration
Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog
Eats:
Eaten By:
-bottom feeder so has no teeth
-small invertebrates
-fish
-birds
-snakes
-raccoons
-lives up to 100 years old
-Small sturgeons feed on chironomids, insect larvae, molluscs, and other small invertebrates
-Large Sturgeons feed on the same but eat more smaller fish, eulachons, sculpins and stickleback
-going extinct due to over fishing,
Hydro Dams, predation on eggs,
decrease prey, and pollution
-top of food chain
-tend to jump out of water and can hurt people
Vancouver Island Marmot
The White Sturgeon
Vancouver Island Marmot
Pacific Gopher Snake
Pacific Gopher Snake
Why is it so Cold?
Sockeye Salmon
Glaciers
Caves
Freshwater Lakes
Eats:
Mountain Peaks
-marmota vancouverensis
Tourism
-zooplankton
-shrimp
Eaten By:
Development and Threats
-eagles
-bigger fish
-bears
-this species can be easily distinguished from other marmots by its rich, chocolate brown fur and contrasting white patches.
In the past
Yellow-Faced Bumblebee
Eats:
Eaten By:
-nectar
-badgars
-small birds
-spiders
-wasps
The glaciers help the biome by...
-adult Vancouver Island marmot typically measures 56 to 70 centimetres from the tip of its nose to the tip of its tail. (Picture holding a large housecat.)
-weighs from 3 to 6 kilos
Ovis canadensis
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
providing water during summer months when the ice melts
providing shelter for some animals
providing a secluded area for plants to flourish
Charina bottae
Ascaphus montanus
-ongoing landscape changes on the Island , increase in predators, hunted for fur, and pollution, Reproduces slowly as well.
Oncorhynchus nerka
Bombus vosnesenskii
British Columbia Glacier National Park
-live in underground borrows near bottom of mountains
National Parks
The Illecillewaet Glacier
Eats: 40 different species of grasses, herbs and wildflowers. Spring feasts begin with grasses, sedges and phlox and graduate to lupines and other forbs later in the season.
Glacier National Park
(as seen from space)
Eaten by:wolves, cougars and golden eagles
major glacier park in the biome
multiple species live here and birds are seen during summer
there are fifty-three mammal species found within the park
Ski Resorts
Communities
The caves help the biome by...
Pituophis catenifer catenifer
-Pacific gopher snake adults range in size from 2.5-7 feet (76-213 cm) in total length.
-The Pacific gopher snake has a base colour ranging from yellow to dark brown and has a gray coloring on the sides of the body. It is a spotted snake, with the spots being dark brown.
Nakimu Caves
-area impacted since 19th century

-introducing and killing off species

-native tribes

-trans-Canada highway (1962)
originally called the Caves of Cheops, then Deutchmann Caves
closed to the general public due to a rare substance known as moonmilk (calcium carbonate and bacteria)
formed by water erosion
located inside the Glacier National Park
-lives in fields Near bottom of mountains
-live 12-15 years
Eats: Small mammals, birds, eggs,
amphibians and insects
Eaten By:Hawks, owls, and bigger birds small mammals
-makes loud hiss when feeling threatened
Killed often by humans, small population many prey, pollution.
providing a home for many nocturnal animals
helping moss and vegetation grow with bacteria
Namiku Caves
Devil's Cave
The freshwater lakes help the biome by...
providing a clean source of drinking water for the animals who live there
providing a habitat for the creatures that live in the ocean
provide a tempering effect on the surrounding land
Peyto Lake
Moraine Lake
Moraine Lake
in Banff National Park
is glacially fed and therefore is bigger during Summer
Moraine Lake was featured on the reverse side of the 1969 and 1979 issues of the Canadian twenty dollar bill
The mountain peaks help the biome by...
providing a perch or roosting place for birds
creating the ability to host wider variety of animals
creating warmer areas on leeward slopes
Mount Everest
Mount Robson
the highest point in the Canadian Rockies
heavily glaciated along the North face
is one of the most photographed features in the Rockies
Mount Robson
-hiking, camping, climbing
- Promotes conservation
- approx. 24 241 km squared
- Banff and Jasper
- around 6 million visitors per year
- popular tourist destination
- spread out across Alberta and BC
- most close to Calgary or Banff
- 6 major resorts in area

-many communities started because of tourism
(eg. town of Banff)
- expanding of communities such as Sunshine village rejected
Full transcript