Transcript of Governments how is power distributed and how is citizen participation determined?
How is power distributed in a country's government? Power in a government can be distributed into three forms. These forms are unitary, confederation, and federal. In a unitary, all power is in the hands of the central government. Examples are Vietnam, China, Iran, and Israel. A confederation is a government where the local governments control all aspects of the government. The closest example to a confederation is the European Union, the next closest being the United Nations, both not being government systems. A federal government is where the power is balanced between the local and central governments. Some examples are France, South Africa, India, and a few more countries. So as you can see, this is how we classify the distribution of power. Your country is either federal, or unitary, a confederation could form, but there is no current example of a confederation. How is citizen participation determined or classified? We can classify citizen participation into three groups: Autocracy, Oligarchy, and Democracy. Let's talk about autocracy. It is where one person controls all government decisions. This does include dictatorships, like the one in Germany during WWII. Also, like the one led by Mao Zedong in China. Iran is an example of an autocracy, same with Saudi Arabia. Monarchies are also considered autocracies. Autocracies have very low citizen participation Oligarchies are where a small group of people are in control of government. The citizen participation levels are low yet again for this one. China is an example of an oligarchy. The Communism in Russia was an oligarchy. Communism is considered an oligarchy form of citizen participation. Democracies are where everyone has a say in the government. The citizen participation is very high in this one. In this type of citizen participation, everyone gets to vote on the new leaders, congress, and house members. Examples are USA, Ghana, Japan, Canada, and a lot more. Democracy is most commonly used in a government. How are parliamentary democracies and presidential democracies different? Parliamentary democracies are a form of democracy where the legislature controls the government. Examples are Japan, Canada, Israel, South Korea, and a lot more. The legislature chooses the leader of the executive branch. In a presidential democracy, the executive branch controls the government. The people vote for everyone involved in the government, including the president, house members, senate members, and Supreme Court members.Full transcript