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Who has benefited most from the regeneration of E20?

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Kit Rawlins

on 27 January 2017

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Transcript of Who has benefited most from the regeneration of E20?

Introduction
Stratford started out as a rural community but quickly changed into part of London's growth and slowly became more and more urbanised. One of the major parts of its development was due to new railways being introduced (1889); it is also adjacent to the River Lea.

Stratford went through a 'depression' so to speak in 1991 as everything started closing and dying out, nothing really happened for 13 years.
This depression ended however on the 6th July 2005. London won the bid to host the Olympic Games. They chose Stratford as the site to build the Olympic Park as it had a lot of brownfield sites and there was also a train station, Stratford International. This was where the Olympic Village was built.
Who Has Benefited Most From the Redevelopments of E20?
On the 29th of September the boys of Yardley Court Yr 8 went on a school trip to Stratford. The aim was to collect data about the sustainability of the area. Our project is all about investigating and reviewing the social, environmental and economic impacts of the redevelopment of the site. We interviewed people, surveyed the area and collected data for this project.

I have done research and have found that the government had aims to keep the area as sustainable as possible in the hopes that further down the line, E20 would still be a popular tourist attraction and an attractive living area. They used seven key factors: a reduction in carbon emissions; reducing water demand to tackle local flooding; targeting zero waste to landfill through minimizing waste pollution and encouraging recycling and reuse; using locally sourced materials with low environment impact; providing varieties of usable open spaces to protect and promote bio diverse habitats and wildlife; and finally to create well-connected places that facilitate the use of sustainable transport to and across the Queen Elizabeth Park.







Stratford
Hypotheses
By Kit Rawlins
Aim
Our aim for the trip was to collect data about the sustainability of Stratford New Town and The East Village and how the redevelopment has affected the villages and the people. We reviewed the social, economic and enviromental impacts of the redevelopment of each site. We interviewed people and asked their opinions on the sites, so it will not just be my own opinion in this project
Before the start of this project I had little knowledge of the East Village but I do believe that the East Village is sustainable and the redevelopment of the site has improved it dramatically.

First and foremost I believe that the people who have recently bought houses in the Stratford area will have benefited the most as they have moved into a newly modernised area and have the luxury of facilities such as Stratford International and Westfield shopping mall.
I think that the people who live and commute in the area daily will not have negative views on the redevelopment being done as there is lots of public transport, which includes a train station (Stratford International) in the area.
I am predicting that more people would have come and lived in Stratford since the redevelopment due to the various stadiums and parks and overall improvement of the site. Also, there is probably an influx of new jobs on offer in the area, this applies to people, young or old that are moving to Stratford.
With research I have found that in the East Village the average house price is around £350,000 and in Stratford New Town the average price is £150,000 which is a major price increase since 2008. This may be one of the main reasons for not living in East Village.
Due to this, I think that the inhabitants of Stratford New Town will not have benefited as I believe that most of the redevelopment has been done to E20 and the Queen Elizabeth Park and there has been a significant drop in employment in the New Town due to the inflation of jobs in East Village.

The environmental effects are difficult to predict. During the regeneration of the site the pollution levels were rather high as a result of toxic waste, and I think that there is a big risk of the pollution levels remaining very high. Also I feel there will be a increase in litter and graffiti as there are many tourists that come and go who care less about the area than, say, a homeowner.

On the social side, I predict that more people will be using facilities and more people will be hospitable to tourists and commuters.

I commented on the prices of houses and how they were increasing but I also believe that as Stratford has become more 'glamorous' since the Olympics, that the price of things such as food or household goods will go up as well.
Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Results
Method

First we went to Stratford New Town, the poorer area of Stratford, so named as it was built after the Second World War. We started by making a business tally table. We then recorded the amount of businesses. I took these down on a business tally chart.

We then made an Environmental Quality Survey, (EQS), this was a bipolar chart including results on graffiti, litter, parking etc...

After all of this we then travelled to the East Village to compare the two areas. We did the same things as before, EQS and Business Tally Chart.

We then did a questionnaire, this included asking the public about the state of Stratford before and after the Olympics. We also asked them questions purely about the East Village and purely about Stratford New Town. After this we went home, via the Olympic Village and the River Lea where we made an annotated field sketch.

It is clear by looking at this chart that the East Village has more businesses and variety than Stratford New Town. East Village also has more tertiary businesses than the New Town. I was surprised that New Town had more green space than East Village as the East Village has some beautiful parks

Overall the East Village scored very well, in fact they didn't score lower than a three. It has lots of green space and had amazing facilities. East Village, I found, is also much more eco friendly that the New Town, but it was much more expensive.
Stratford New Town was a bit of a contrast as its highest was a four. The New Town's main downfall was housing, especially the size of the houses. However it got better in the 'environmental' section. The graph shows that Stratford is especially good in the 'pollution section'. It is showing where the main priorities were placed (in housing and green space)
It seems from looking at this that the people of Stratford say that, overall, the area has got better as a result of the regeneration of E20. One man who was not originally from England noted that, 'Stratford has improved dramatically, especially in areas such as transport and leisure facilities'. However rates of pay, in their opinion, seemed to have got worse
Glossary
References
Arup - Consulting Engineers and Designers.
BBC Bitesize
TFL - Transport for London
Google/Google Images
My own knowledge
Some of my class mates' knowledge (e.g the average cost of housing)
stratfordlondon.info
Timeout London
Wikipedia
The Effect of the Olympics
On the whole, Stratford has benefited hugely from the regeneration prior to the Olympics. The regeneration wasn't purely about the Olympics and the building of stadiums etc... as London did not want the world to see how dirty and poor Stratford was.
Before
After
(this is a bipolar chart)
Bio diverse - The variety of plant and animal life in a place or a particular habitat, a high level of which is usually considered to be important or desirable.

Brownfield site - real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant.

Pollution - The presence or damage to the environment from a substance which has harmful or poisonous effects


Evaluation
As I said in my introduction, the aim of the trip was to collect results on the sustainability of the area. I have included some of my own knowledge in this project as well as other people's ideas and thoughts. What surprised me about the data collection and the questionnaire especially, was that everyone had different views on the matter. I went into this project thinking that all the business men and women would think one thing and all the tourists another, but in fact the result came out quite the opposite. There was a satisfying contrast between what everyone said. Some people liked this, others hated that. Of course, as I predicted, there were factors such as leisure facilities and public transport that I knew had to have improved and my results back me up on those points.

I predicted that those who have recently bought homes in the area will have benefited the most and from what I have found I am correct on that statement. However, I also said that the air pollution would have increased but I was incorrect, in fact it was quite the opposite as people had been taking steps and had been going out of their way to decrease the amount of pollution in the area and it is falling dramatically, I have found.
I was surprised to see the lack of graffiti and litter especially in Stratford New Town. I asked one man about it and he said that the village had a regular 'graffiti team' which contained the young and old, and that they would go out and look for graffiti and do their best to remove it. This just shows the care that the people take over their homes and how Stratford is trying to be more sustainable.
In my hypotheses I touched on the fact that house prices were increasing and this may be a problem for some, but people seem to be coping as (as I predicted) there has been an influx of new jobs for people and all round better pay. Although saying that, one man I spoke to said that the rates of pay had been decreasing as more people were entering his workplace but Stratford is trying to find a balance between the two factors - not just the amount of jobs but the quality of jobs. I also found most people in East Village work in tertiary business but there is a lot of secondary business as well.

On the social side I was correct in saying that more people had been using the facilities on offer and I noticed a massive difference in hospitality between when I went there with my family in 2009 and now.

One thing I noticed was that there was a lot of building going on in Stratford. This once again shows the sustainibilty of Stratford after the regeneration and the fact that they are thinking about tomorrow as much as they are thinking about today.

On the whole, my hypotheses were fairly accurate. I had more correct predictions than wrong ones so I am pleased with the results that I got.




Conclusion
To conclude, the aim of the trip was to find out about the sustainability of Stratford and to see how the redevelopment has improved the area. I made tallies, business charts, graphs on the welfare of the area and talked to people and got first hand knowledge about Stratford, all to answer the question: 'Who has Benefited Most From the Redevelopments of E20'. I have found, after a day trip and weeks of hypothesising, evaluating and researching that really, the people that have benefited the most from the redevelopments are the East Village homeowners who live and commute in Stratford. I stated this in my evaluation and had all my results to back me up.
I also found that the two main business industries were tertiary and secondary.

Also, that on the whole Stratford is a very sustainable place that cares about its future.


East Village (E20)
The Athletes Village, now known as the East Village or E20, was built to house 17,000 athletes and officials during the London 2012 Olympic Games. The first residents came and lived there in the Winter of 2013. The East Village comprises 2,818 homes and was a popular choice for a building site as it has excellent transport links, Westfield Shopping Centre and Queen Elizabeth Park on its doorstep.
Stratford's Future
So, after all the fanfares have stopped and the medalists have gone home and in fact another Olympics has been held, 4 years on what's in store for Stratford?

Billions upon billions of pounds are being spent on intelligently developed new projects in Stratford. I touched on the fact that when I went to Stratford in September I saw a lot of building work and now, after research I learn that it's for things like transport infrastructure or retail opportunities. Facilities for education and sport, all factors meaning that Stratford is becoming more and more sustainable.
The latest investment figures highlight that almost £9 billion of private investment is being pumped into the area to generate thousands of jobs and new homes. Stratford has seen an unpredicted transformation and the investment will see more than 40,000 new jobs and 8,000 new homes in Stratford. It really is looking up from the dirty, poor district it used to be.
5 - excellent, 4 - good, 3 - average, 2 - poor, 1 - awful
The East Village
This is an annotated sketch of the River Lea. It was essential to the Olympics therefore it has been transformed from a muddy and litter riven bog to a animal-friendly flowing river.
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