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Imperialism

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by

Saadia Hussain

on 2 March 2017

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Transcript of Imperialism

Age of Imperialism
(1850-1914)

Europe - the imperial countries
Portugal
Spain
France
Great Britain
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
Belgium
Causes of Imperialism
Industrial Revolution
Nationalism
Racism
Spread Christianity
Need for resources (raw materials) to run factories
Created the technology needed to reach and take over countries
Cotton - clothes
Rubber - tires
Wood - building material
Oil - gas
Extreme pride in your country
We are the best!
Competition to see who was the best
More colonies = stronger & better country
Social Darwinism - idea that some societies are created better than others
White Man's Burden - idea that it is the duty of white European's to "civilize" and Christianize colored people
Why were the European's able to conquer other countries?
Technology & Medicine
Telegraph -
communicate with colonies
Steam boat - get to colonies
Quinine - protect against malaria
Weapons - more advanced than other countries
Europeans
Other Countries
Congo
Taken over by Belgium
Resource: Rubber
King Leopold II
Enslaved population
Harsh working conditions
Millions of deaths
Steam boat -
connected countries to their colonies
Britain
US
Africa
China, India, Middle East, Africa
Barbarianism
Ignorance
Vice
Civilization
How does this show imperialism?
British Raj
(1858-1947)
Informal Imperialism
British East India Company - controlled Indian trading ports
Sold opium to China
Stayed in power by hiring Indian soldiers (sepoys)
Sepoy Mutiny (1857)
Cause
New cartridges for gun contained animal fat
British favored lower class Hindus and Sikhs over Hindu sepoys
Practicing Hindus are vegetarian
Indians mad that the British were destroying Indian cultural practices
It was forbidden for Hindus to mix with lower classes and Sikhs
Bad
Bad
Effects - Formal Imperialism
Indians are defeated
Britain take complete control of India
Queen Victoria is made Empress of India
Impact on India
Political
One unifying government
Indian only given lower positions
BUT
Social
Built hospitals & better medicine increases population
English - unifying language
More access to education
BUT
Not enough food to feed more poeple
Education is only for the very rich
Economic
Industrialization
Better transportation and communication systems
BUT
Local industries go out of business = increase poverty
Railroad destroy valuable farming land
Imperialism - when one country takes over/controls another country
Scramble for Africa
Europe carved Africa for itself
Stole resources
Enslave people
Create artificial boundary

Imperialism in China
Opium Trade
Britain sold opium to China
Chinese government tried to stop it
Opium Wars - Britain won with better technology
Treaty of Nanking - gave trading rights to the Europeans
Informal Imperialism
Spheres of influence - places in China economically controlled by a European country
Full transcript