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Imperialism

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by

Steph Gorges

on 27 March 2013

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Transcript of Imperialism

Why Europe? British Empire in India Definitions Imperialism Other Examples: Central Asia: French: Colonialism: Establishment and exploitation of one territory by people from another territory. Includes settlement of foreign people. Mercantilism: An economic system in which nations seek to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by exporting more than importing.
Gradual process beginning in 1750's
East India Company:
Joint stock corporation - trading company (stock)
Trading ports since 1600's
Death of Aurangzeb & decline of Mughal Empire (divided) What were the motives for European imperialism? Imperialism: Extending political and economic control over an area without a significant settlement Why specifically was
Britain so powerful? The White Man's Burden" by Rudyard Kipling (1899) British Control Britain vs. Russia
Known as "Great Game" Control: Direct Rule:

Indirect rule:

Settler rule: French West Africa Directly run by colonizing nation British in Nigeria Used indigenous African rulers within a colonial administration Cecil Rhodes's British South Africa Company
"Rhodesia" (Zimbabwe) Direct rule + Settlement How did Africans respond and react? Legacies of Imperialism: Increase of migrations
Rise in indentured servants
Scientific racism:
Superiority of one race
Social Darwinism (survival of the fittest = justifies mistreatment)
Full transcript