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Kingdom of Ghana

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Sarah Michael

on 16 January 2015

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Transcript of Kingdom of Ghana

Kingdom of Ghana
Geography
Ghana was located in West Africa, borders Gulf of Guinea. Its size is just a tad smaller than Oregon.
Some of the natural surroundings include plains, low hills, rivers and lakes.
Geography affected the kingdom's trade and transportation because of its location. They had an abundant amount of gold and food.
From the Trans-Saharan trade the empire began to grow in amount of gold and salt. Trade produced and increasing amount of items to trade.
Ancient Ghana is located in a different location than modern country Ghana. It was the key part of the Tran-Sahara Trade route.
The Niger River ran through ancient Ghana.
Historian
Ghana became wealthy by taxing traders who traveled into the kingdom and gold-salt trade.
Economist
Trade was important because it helped build a good economy but the materials gathered helped build the empire, it lasted many years and was well known.
They had golden dog collars, silk horse halters, and plush carpets.
They traded kola nuts, slaves, ivory, and gold for salt from Arabs.
They traded horses, cloth, swords, and books from North Africans and Europeans.
Farming helped make a diverse trade.
Taxes were imposed on those entering and leaving the Country, these taxes helped fund the military.
Salt is a common good used day to day.
Camels were used to transport goods for profit.
They used old Roman trade routes.
Culture
Ghana was quite rich, it literally sat on a gold mine and had a very rich empire.
They had statues that they made to bring the spirits of their ancestors into the world. They made sculptures and they would bow to these sculptures and statues.
Ceremonies marked a time in ones life that was important. At the ceremonies they danced and played music.
There are 100 or more ethnic groups in Ghana. The largest ones are Akan, Moshi-Dagbani, Ewe, and Ga.
The people of Ghana were famous for luxury and wealth, but now they are known for their crafts work (carved stools, fertility dolls, "Kente" cloth.
Anthropologist
Ghana's visual arts include gold jewelry, woodcarvings and weaving.
Gold was traditionally only worn by the Akan king and Nobility.
The Ashanti people are known for their carved wooden stools.
The golden stool - symbol of Ashanti nation and most sacred stool of all.
Ga people developed a tradition of building carved and brightly decorated coffins that are shaped like animals or objects that celebrated the deceased
Weavers produced many styles of cloth. Best known fabric in Ghana is Kente cloth.
Art and architecture was related to religion because they had sacred art and bases houses off religion.
Introduction to Ghana Kingdom
The Kingdom of Ghana was an ancient kingdom in West Africa. The Geography, History, Culture, Economics, Arts, Religion, and Architecture of Ancient Ghana influenced the Ancient Kingdoms of Africa even into the rest of the world.
Conclusion
Resources
Sarah M, Kyra B, Caleb S, Dylan S, Blake B, Chris I
Their occupation dates back to the 4th century, but it took centuries to establish it as an nation by a tribe.
By 1000 BCE they undertook strategic expansion and gained control over pockets of land between the Niger and Senegal rivers.
The king was a very powerful influence in politics, war and trade. The king heard the people complaints by daily gathering of people.
Ghana's economy thrived through trade and bartering of gold, ivory and slaves for salt from the arabs and horses, cloth, swords and books from the North africans and Europeans.
Ghana was finally weakened and fell by attacks and lack of international trade which left the vulnerable and unable to fight
Ghanian governors were used as watchdogs and reported everything to their king
Ghana's success made neighbors jealous and that made them scared and angry so they started attacking them
Almost all buildings and structures were made by the influence of religion.
Many buildings were made from stone and wet clay, most houses were made out of wet clay, straw and sticks. (middle class)
Arts
Architecture
Religion
Religion was a mixture of supernatural and spiritual powers.
Believed plants and animals had spirits and so did humans. These spirits co-existed together.
Practiced ancestors great respect by offering sacrifices.
Believed if they neglect their ancestors, it will bring bad luck.
Believed their ancestors were a mediator to the gods.
By the 9th century Islam was introduced by the muslims and many Ghanians began to practice it.
Ghana was a successful kingdom raised from a native tribe who struck gold where they settled. They established trade with local tribes, kingdoms, Arabs, and Europeans. The repeated invasions and lack of trade caused their downfall and soon they faded into Mali's kingdom.
Family is very important in Ghana. It's the source of identity, loyalty, and responsibility for a person. Family determines how people see you, and use the actions of your family to determine your actions.
Honor, dignity, and good reputation are things that Ghanians strive to maintain. If even one of the family members loses their honor, then the whole family does too. People have a sense of harmony to keep to prevent loss of those things
Ghana's society is a hierarchy. Respect from age, experience, position, or wealth. When you have respect like that, you have to be responsible, because you will be expected to make important decisions.
http://exploringafrica.matrix.msu.edu/students/curriculum/m7a/activity3.php
http://www.countriesquest.com/africa/ghana/culture/art_and_architecture.htm
www.ushistory.org
www.ancient.eu
http://classroom.synonym.com/importance-farming-economy-ancient-ghana-20732.html
http://africanempire143.blogspot.com/2012/12/arts-and-architecture-for-ghana-empire.html?_sm_au_=iVVfNNVT50L0jjSr
https://sites.google.com/site/ancientghana2013/issues
http://utafebruary2011ancientghana.blogspot.com/2011/03/religion-in-ancient-ghana-ancient.html?_sm_au_=iVVfNNVT50L0jjSr
https://sites.google.com/site/ancientghana2013/issues
www.ushistory,org/civ/7a.asp
http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/ghana.html
https://ancientafricad.wikispaces.com/Ancient+Ghana+Trade
http://geography.about.com/library/cia/blcghana.htm
http://africa.mrdonn.org/ghana.html
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