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The Canadian Seal Hunt

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by

Aaron Cheung

on 23 April 2013

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Transcript of The Canadian Seal Hunt

By: Vianca Evangelista, Jasmine Laciste, Grace Marzo, Leilani Samocino and Emily Tseung The Canadian Seal Hunt What is the Canadian Seal Hunt? Facts About the Canadian Seal Hunt Organizations
for the Canadian Seal Hunt Organizations Against the Canadian Seal Hunt Seal hunting has been a tradition for the Canadian Inuit The Government of Canada/
Department of Fisheries and Oceans The Atlantic Canadian Anti-Sealing Coalition "...a collection of individuals and groups across the Atlantic region working to end the commercial seal hunt by peaceful and lawful means" International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) "But until Canada’s commercial seal hunt ends forever, we will fight against it: documenting its cruelty, presenting our evidence to the authorities, researching, educating, lobbying for legislative change and working to shut down markets for seal products." "Sealing is a way of life and a valuable source of food and income...it is a very significant economic contributor to communities with limited economic opportunities...the Canadian seal harvest is also sustainable." Local Fisherman Groups Against the IFAW "...all the group did was create negative publicity for the Island, a province with only about four seal hunters." What Can You Do? Write letters/emails
Be a walking billboard
Participate in the Canadian seafood boycott and Canadian tourism boycott
Tell someone about it Seal Hunting Quota Seal Hunting Abroad Why Seal Hunting? Harp seals were hunted by the Natives (fur, meat, bone was used for food, clothing, shelter) The DFO sets quotas (TAC) to limit the amount of seals hunted
Quotas raise competition among fishers and enforce regulations Seal Hunting Quota As mortality rates increase, productivity decreases
No set quota as of 2013
Newfoundland government used $3.6 mil. to fund Norwegian company for pelts
Approximately 60 000 harp seals already commercially hunted Seal hunting is active in 6 countries: Canada, Namibia, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Russia Scientific Justification Seals play a big part in the marine ecosystem
Overpopulation of the seal herd could result in many seals dying of starvation
North Atlantic Cod Fishery indirectly affects the seal hunt and quota
Consumption for coastal residents and can aid to prevent diseases
An assessment of the long-term trends in population of sea harps proved the declining population SEAL THE HUNT Represent about <20% of the quotas Year Quota Actual hunts
2011 400 000 38 000
2012 400 000 69 000 Most recent commercial hunts
Canada 70 000
Namibia 85 000
Greenland 20 000-25 000
Norway 7 000
Russia 5 500
Iceland ? As of 2013, 34 countries have banned the importation of commercial seal hunt products The European Union Ban (EU Ban) occurred on August 20, 2010
Canada is against the European Union ban on the import of seal products
Seal products can only be placed on the European Union market if they qualify as :
1) Seal products resulting from the Inuit and other indigenous communities
2) The sole purpose of sustainable management of marine resources, and on a non-profit basis Opposition to the seal hunt is fueled by a lot of myth and misinformation. Reaction against the Canadian harp seal hunt is based on emotion, not reason.
Wildlife experts support the hunt/Clubbing is Humane
Hunting helps control seal populations Reasons To Support The Seal Hunt Reasons To Stop The Seal Hunt Canada's commercial seal "hunt" is the largest mass slaughter of marine mammals in the world.
The slaughter of seals is incredibly cruel (a post mortem survey has shown that 42% of these babies are skinned alive) The general ban effectively destroys the market for all seal products In 1794, the hunt turned into the second largest industry in Newfoundland The Canadian seal hunt is a slaughter of baby seals
It is a cruel slaughter
The seal hunt is unsustainable The seal hunt is not economically viable The seal hunt has sparked an international boycott of Canadian seafood products Seals are a source of omega-3s Economic and Cultural importance Modern day commercial exploitation
Strenuous activity that brought a lot of profit Overfishing lead to using seals as scapegoat Meatless parts return to eco system. Earn income through the products made: pelts, fat for Omega3 medicinal oil, meat •The seal hunt is carefully regulated Canada's most recent commercial hunts High seal mortality due to lack of sea ice Hunting baby seals or "pups" is done for the value of their fur in most countries The aboriginal people started to hunt seals about 4,000 years ago The seal hunt became an annual event in 1723 Due to WWI and WWII, the seal hunt was not a stable hunt European fishermen were the first to hunt the seals for economic purposes In 1947, there were only a couple of large vessels used and Canada, Norway, the Soviet Union, Denmark, US and France pushed out the Newfoundlander Merchants
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