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D. Brown -- Values Based, Holistic Model of Career And Life-role Choices and Satisfaction
Transcript of D. Brown -- Values Based, Holistic Model of Career And Life-role Choices and Satisfaction
*His values-based model draws upon the work of Rokeach (1973) Super (1953,1990) and Beck (1987).
***Rokeach beleived that values are beliefs containing cognitive, affective, and behavioral dimensions
***Brown pointed out that values serve as standards by which people evlaute their own actions and the actions of others. Basically, values direct our behavior in specific directions and toward particular goals. I like the theory because it includes our cultural and work values. Brown theorized that values are shaped by genetics and environment--as a result of genetic and environmental influences, specific values become more important than others. As values become crystallized and prioritized, people use them to guide and explain their behavior. Thus, "Values orient individuals to those aspects of their environment that may provide desired outcomes" (Brown and Crace, 1996, p.216) The Values Based Model of Career Choice is
based on 7 propositions as stated by Brown and Crace (1996) 1. Values with high priorities are the most important determinants of choices made,
providing that the individuals have more than one alternative available that will satisfy
their values. 2. The values included in the values system are acquired from society, and each person
develops a small number of values. 3. Culture, sex, and socioeconomic status influence opportunities and social interaction, and
thus considerable variation in the values of subgroups in U.S. society can be expected. 4. Making choices that coincide with values is essential to satisfaction. 5. The result of role interaction is life satisfaction, which differs from the sum of the
marital, job, leisure, and other role satisfaction indices taken separately. 6. High-functioning people have well-developed and prioritized values. 7. Success in any role depends on the abilities and the aptitudes required to perform
the functions of that role. (pp. 212-220) When clients have crystallized and prioritized their
values, they then focus on career decision making. To help facilitate the clarity in values Brown
uses the "why" technique of challenging his clients to understand
why they are making specific statements. He will also use a values
sorting list by Niles (2000).