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12 tenses in English

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Dinh Trịnh

on 2 March 2014

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Transcript of 12 tenses in English

12 tenses in English
There 're 12 common tenses in English and they're divided into 3 groups : Present,past and future.
Past tense
Futures tenses
The End.
Thanks for watching.
Nguyễn Trịnh Quốc Dinh
12CQT15
Mssv:1212440195

Present Tenses
+ Present Simple
+ Present Progressive
+ Present Perfect
+Present Perfect Progressive
present simple tense is used to express :
+ An action that is repeated (habits,routines,scheduled events)
+ Facts that are belived to be true or a definition.
There're some adverds such as: always; usually; often; sometimes; occasionally; ever; seldom; rarely; every...
Construction:
S + V
bare inf
(s/es)
EX:

present progressive tense is used to express:
+ Action that takes place now / at the moment
+ Future plan
There're soma advers such as :At the moment; at this time; right now; now; ........
Don't use with verb of sense:SEE; HEAR; LIKE; LOVE...
Contruction:
S + am/is/are + V_ing
I go to school every day
He is a doctor
The sun rises in the morning
The plane takes off at 10 o'clock tonight
Cats hate mice
Negative form:
I don’t go to school every day
He isn’t a doctor
The sun doesn’t rise in the evening
The plane doesn’ take off at 10 o'clock tonight
Mice doesn’t hate cats
Interrogative:
Do you go to school every day?
Is He a doctor?
Does The sun rise in the morning?
Does The plane take off at 10 o'clock tonight?
Do Cats hate mice?
Ex:
I am working on my computer.
I am leaving tomorrow.
He is playing football.
I’m studying English.
My boss is writing his report.
Negative form:
I am not working on my computer.
I am not leaving tomorrow.
He isn’t playing football.
I’m not studying English.
My boss isn’ t writing his report.
Interrogaive form:
Am I working on my computer?
Am I leaving tomorrow?
Is He playing football?
Am I studying English ?
Is My boss writing his report ?
Present perfect is used to express:
+Past action that has the result in the present.
+Action which started in the past and continued up to now
Adverb : just; recently; lately; ever; never; already; yet; since; for; so far; until now; up to now; up to present..

Contruction :
S + have/has + V3
(past part)
Ex:
I have been to Italy.
She has read that book.
I have lived in this town for 12 years.
I have just finished my homework.
I have used Microsoft Paint program to draw a lot of pictures.
Negative form:
I haven't been to Italy.
She hasn't read that book.
I haven't lived in this town for 12 years.
I haven't just finished my homework.
I haven't used Microsoft Paint program to draw a lot of pictures.
Interrogative form:
Have I been to Italy?
IS she has read that book?
Have I lived in this town for 12 years?
Have I just finished my homework?
Have I used Microsoft Paint program to draw a lot of pictures?
Present perfect continuous is used:
+To show that something started in the past and has continued up until now
+To talk about an action that started in the past and stopped recently.
+To talk about an action that started in the past and is continuing now.
Adverbs:just; recently; lately; ever; never; since; for….

Contructions:
S + have/has been + Ving
EX:

He has been sleeping for the last 3 hours.
The grass is wet because it has been raining all day long.
I have been watching TV for 2 hours / since you left.
I’ve been reading a book about astronomy
Negative form:
He hasn't been sleeping for the last 3 hours.
The grass isn't wet because it hasn't been raining all day long.
I haven't been watching TV for 2 hours / since you left.
I’ve not been reading a book about astronomy
Interrogative form:
Has he been sleeping for the last 3 hours?
Is the grass wet because it has been raining all day long?
Have I been watching TV for 2 hours / since you left?
Have I been reading a book about astronomy ?
Past Simple is used to express:
+Completed action in the past.
+ an action that started in the past and stopped recently.
+ an action that started in the past and is continuing now.
+An action taking place in the middle of another action.
Adverbs:Yesterday; the day before yesterday; ago; already; last; in + a period of time in the past
Past simple
Construction:
S + V
(ed/V2)
EX:
She left yesterday.
She woke up, had a shower and left.
If I had a million dollar, I would help the poor.
She was playing when the accident occurred.
I played badmintin this morning.
negative form:
She didn't leave yesterday.
She didn't wake up, have a shower and leave.
If I hadn't a million dollar, I wouldn't help the poor.
She was not playing when the accident didn't occurr.
I didn't play badmintin this morning.
interrogative form:
Did she left yesterday?
Did she wake up, has a shower and leave?
would I help the poor If I had a million dollar?
Was she playing when the accident occurred?
Did I play badminton this morning?
Past Progressive
Past Progressive is used to express :
+Actions happening at the same time in the past.
+Interrupted action in the past.
Construction:
S + was/were + V_ing
ex:
He was reading a newspaper while his wife was preparing dinner.
She was reading a book when the light went off, had a shower and left.
They were singing in this room at 10.p.m yesterday.
While I was walking on the street, I met my girl friend.
When I came, they were singing.
negative form:
He wasn't reading a newspaper while his wife was preparing dinner.
She wasn't reading a book when the light went off, had a shower and left.
They weren't singing in this room at 10.p.m yesterday.
While I was walking on the street, I didn't meet my girl friend.
When I came, they weren't singing.
interrogative form:
Was He reading a newspaper while his wife was preparing dinner?
was reading a book when the light went off, had a shower and left?
Were They singingging in this room at 10.p.m yesterday?
Was While I walking on the street, I met my girl friend?
Were they singing When I came?

Ex:
Past Perfect Simple
Past Perfect Simple is used to express an action that is completed action before another action in the past.
Adverbs:before; after; when; while; as soon as; by; already; never; ever; until...
Construction
S + had + V3
Ex:
Our children had all gone to sleep before I came home last night.
When I came, she had left the house.
She had done her homework when I arrived.
negative form:
Our children hadn't all gone to sleep before I came home last night.
When I came, she hadn't left the house.
She hadn't done her homework when I arrived.
Interrogative form:
Had our children had all gone to sleep before I came home last night?
When I came,Had she left the house?
had she done her homework when I arrived?
Past Perfect Progressive
Past Perfect Progressive is used to:
+show that something started in the past and continued up until another action stopped it.
+show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past.
+We use the Past Perfect Continuous before another action in the past to show cause and effect.
Adverbs:before; after; when; while; as soon as; by(trước); already; ever; until…
Construction
S + had + been + V_ing
ex:
They had been playing soccer when the accident occurred.
I had been living in that town for ten years before I moved to New York.
I was so tired. I had been working for 6 hours.
It's had been raining when she came.
the teacher had been teaching when i slept.
negative form:
They had not been playing soccer when the accident occurred.
I had not been living in that town for ten years before I moved to New York.
I was so fresh. I had not been working for 6 hours.
It's had been raining when she came.
the teacher had been teaching when i slept.
Interrogative form:
Had they been playing soccer when the accident occurred?
had I been living in that town for ten years before I moved to New York?
you was so tired.had you been working for 6 hours?
had it been raining when she came?
Had the teacher been teaching when i slept?

Future Simple
is used to express instant decisions or when we predict a future situation.
Construction:
S + will/shall +V
ex:
They will go to Ho Chi Minh city next Monday.
We will organize a meeting on Friday morning.
We will meet three times a month.
She'll pass the exam. She's hardworking.
It will probably rain tonight

Negative form:
They won't go to Ho Chi Minh city next Monday.
We shan't organize a meeting on Friday morning.
We shan't meet three times a month.
She won't pass the exam. She's hardworking.
It won't probably rain tonight

Interrogative form:
Will they go to Ho Chi Minh city next Monday?
Shall we organize a meeting on Friday morning?
Shall we meet three times a month?
She's hardworking.Will she pass the exam?
Will It probably rain tonight?
Future Progressive
is used to express an action that will be taking place at some time in the future.
Construction:
S + will/shall be + V_ing
Ex:
When you arrive, I'll be sleeping .
I shall be working hard tomorrow morning.
By the time next week, we shall be learning English
We shall be celebrating like Kings if it works.
The Moscow State Circus will be performing in Cheltenham for the next 3 weeks.

negative form:
When you arrive, I shan't be sleeping .
I shan't be working hard tomorrow morning.
By the time next week, we shan't be learning English
We shan't be celebrating like Kings if it works.
The Moscow State Circus won't be performing in Cheltenham for the next 3 weeks.

interrogative form:
When you arrive, shall I be sleeping ?
shall I be working hard tomorrow morning?
By the time next week,shall we be learning English?
Shall We be celebrating like Kings if it works?
Will The Moscow State Circus be performing in Cheltenham for the next 3 weeks?
Future Perfect
is used to express a completed action before another action in the future
Construction
S + will have + V3
EX:
By tomorrow, I will have finished the work.
I will have lived in this city for 10 years by the end of this year.
She will have arrived in Paris, before you start.
You will have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.S.
By next November, I will have received my promotion.

negative form:
By tomorrow, I shan't have finished the work.
I won't have lived in this city for 10 years by the end of this year.
She won't have arrived in Paris, before you start.
You won't have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.S.
By next November, I shan't have received my promotion.

interrogative form:
By tomorrow, Shall I have finished the work?
Shall I have lived in this city for 10 years by the end of this year?
will she have arrived in Paris, before you start?
will you have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.S?
By next November, Shall I have received my promotion?
Future Perfect Progressive
is used to show that an action will continue up until a particular event or time in the future.
Constructon:
S + will have been +V_ing
EX:
By next summer we will have been studying for five years in this school.
I will have been living in this city for 12 years in 2008.
She will have been working for over 8 hours by the time her children arrive.
You will have been waiting for more than two hours when her plane finally arrives.
They will have been talking for over an hour by the time Thomas arrives.

negative form:
By next summer we shan't have been studying for five years in this school.
I shan't have been living in this city for 12 years in 2008.
She won't have been working for over 8 hours by the time her children arrive.
You won't have been waiting for more than two hours when her plane finally arrives.
They won't have been talking for over an hour by the time Thomas arrives.

interrogative form:
By next summer,shall we have been studying for five years in this school?
Shall I have been living in this city for 12 years in 2008?
Will She have been working for over 8 hours by the time her children arrive?
Will You have been waiting for more than two hours when her plane finally arrives?
Will they have been talking for over an hour by the time Thomas arrives?

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