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Rameses III - 1187-56 BC The Great King Of Egypt
Transcript of Rameses III - 1187-56 BC The Great King Of Egypt
Shortly before his death, there was a conspiracy to kill the king by several members of his household including one of his minor wives. The minor wife was Queen Tiy and it was essentially an attempt to ensure her sons rise to the throne. Ramses III commissioned 14 people to judge over 40 people who were implicated in the conspiracy. Because of the large number of people, they were tried in three groups. It should be noted that this commission was given the necessary powers to collect evidence and carry out the punishment which included the possibility of the death sentence-which was something that was normally reserved to the king himself. By the end of the trial, most of the accused were sentenced to death.
It is believed that Ramses III never lived to see the end of the trials. He was buried in the Valley of the Kings. His mortuary temple was unique in that the entrance was a copy of a Syrian migdol.
Usimare Ramesses III (also written Ramses and Rameses) was the second Pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty and is considered to be the last great New Kingdom king to wield any substantial authority over Egypt. He was the son of Setnakhte and Queen Tiy-merenese. Ramesses III is believed to have reigned from March 1186 to April 1155 BC. He was born approximately 1220 BC . This is based on his known accession date of I Shemu day 26 and his death on Year 32 III Shemu day 15, for a reign of 31 years, 1 month and 19 days. (Alternate dates for this king are 1187 to 1156 BC).
But Ramses III is best remembered for the Royal Harem Conspiracy against him. Ramses IV had two chief wives - Tey aka Tiy who was the mother of his son, Pentaweret and Iset Ta-Hemdjert who was the mother of his son and heir to the throne, who became Ramses IV. Iset is an Ancient Egyptian name, meaning "(She) of the throne". It was the name of the goddess better known by her Greek name Isis. This wife is often referred to by the name Isis.
The Royal Harem Conspiracy: This conspiracy was documented in trial transcripts. Queen Tiy wanted her son to become Pharaoh, rather than Iset's son. The objective was to murder the pharaoh and place Pentaweret on the throne. The conspiracy was started by Queen Tiy and Prince Pentaweret who involved at least 40 other people in the plot and conspiracy. These other conspirators included nobles, servants, scribes, court officials, army officers and women and inspectors of the harem. The assassination attempt was planned to take place during the annual Opet Festival at Thebes. The method chosen for the assassination attempt was unknown. And the mummy of Ramses III showed no sign of violation. However, the Pharaoh did die at this time and poison is the suspected means of murder. The trial of the conspirators was ordered by Ramses III before his death - he took two weeks to die. The conspirators were found guilty and sentenced according to their ranks. The punishments included mutilation, execution or the option to commit suicide for Queen Tiy, Pentaweret and the highest ranking officials.
Method of execution: The punishment was to be burnt to death. This was a terrible punishment as it meant that the victims would not be able to pass into the afterlife. Instead their ashes would be scattered to the winds and trampled underfoot. The choice of suicide usually ended with poison.
These are the parents of
Rameses the III Team Leader- Geaography Expert Other Information archeologist:
map of the tomb which rameses the III was
buried (which was in the valley of king) pictures: A presentation made By: Sa'naysha (team leader),
Christopher (geography expert),Lexy (scribe) and
Kenleigh(archeaologist) Ramses III was also known as Rameses and Ramesses which are alternative spellings of the name
Egyptian Period / Kingdom: New Kingdom
Dynasty: Ramses III ruled in the Twentieth Egyptian Dynasty
Name of Previous Pharaoh: Setnakhte 1186 BC – 1182 BC
Years of Reign: 1182 BC – 1151 BC
Succeeded by: Ramses IV 1151 BC – 1145 BC
Father and Mother: His father was the previous Pharaoh Setnakhte and his mother was Queen Tiy-merenese
Name of Egyptologist who discovered the burial site, or tomb, of Ramses III: Bruce's Tomb named after James Bruce who entered the tomb in 1768
Biography and accomplishments or why Ramses III was famous: Pharaoh Ramses III was the second king of the 20th Dynasty ruling during a turbulent time in Ancient history which included the Trojan War. During his reign there were economic problems and the workmen at Deir el-Medina were not paid which lead to the first general strike in recorded history. The tomb is 125 meters long and follows typical plans of the Nineteenth Dynasty's tombs, though it has an unusual number of annexes. From the entrance, a stairway leads to the first corridor, which has an annex on either side. This corridor leads directly two a second corridor that has four small annexes on either side. The second corridor leads to a dead end room, but with a third corridor leading off from the right side. This change in axis was due to the fact that workmen came across Amenemesses' tomb and so were required to make adjustments to avoid it. Up to the point of this change in axis, the tomb was actually built for Setnakht, who apparently abandoned the work at this point. Ramesses III offset the tomb, and continued the work as his own. Unknown Man E: There is some speculation that the mummy called 'Unknown Man E' found in 1881 in Tomb DB320 along with Ramses III and a cache of ten other pharaohs is in fact the mummy of Pentaweret. The face of this mummy is contorted into a terrible grimace, as if he were screaming, and the muscles of his abdomen were severely constricted. His organs had not been removed, preventing his existence in the afterlife. Was he buried alive? Did he die of poison? Was the mummy Pentaweret? No one knows for sure... Scribe: