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Architecture in the Elizabethan Era

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Angelica McCaffrey

on 28 August 2014

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Transcript of Architecture in the Elizabethan Era

Housing

Gardens
Elizabethan Architecture is more commonly known as renaissance style, which came after the Gothic style that had taken over Europe. The First Renaissance style architecture in England was Hampton Court.
Housing
Lower Class
Housing
Upper class
Churches and Castles
Citations
http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-architecture.htm
Architecture in the Elizabethan Era
History
Hampton Court was built between 1514 and 1528 by Cardinal Wolsey. The Renaissance style was very symmetrical and plain compared to the Gothic style. The symmetry was showed through architecture and gardens.
Upper Class houses of the wealthy followed the Elizabethan architecture style. Stones and bricks were usually used for housing. They also had columns in their houses due to the influence of Roman style architecture. Another feature was the many glass windows that a house could have.
The architecture of Middle class houses was just like traditional medieval styles. The most obvious difference i that Elizabethan style houses had vertical timbers and diagonal ones as frames. This style was called Tudor which is still found common today. The Black and White Half Timbered style of Elizabethan architecture.
Tudor House
Elizabethan Garden
Elizabethan Gardens were very common and still are now in England. Back when Queen Elizabeth was ruling, those who traveled during the Queen's reign brought back new plants to add to their collection. Knot gardens, labyrinths, and mazes were incorporated into designs for gardens. Hedges and mazes were incorporated into gardens using clipped yew, boxwood, and privet. They used these hedges in knot gardens that were adopted from the Medieval period.
The Medieval obsession of building numerous churches ceased in the Elizabethan era. Almost every town had a beautiful church. Religion was an important part of the life of Elizabethans - failure to attend church on a Sunday was against the law. If you were caught not going to church you would get a fine. Therefore there was no building of new churches nor Castles.
Church
Tudor House
Full transcript