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The Roman Pantheon

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Rohini Vatish

on 10 May 2013

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Transcript of The Roman Pantheon

The Roman Pantheon The Romans proved to be an advanced society with the building of the Pantheon. The pantheon illustrates the difference between Roman and Greek beliefs, the openness of the Romans by combining different establishments and the architectural advancements they made. http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/channel/videos/roman-tech/ •The Pantheon was built three times. Once by Marcus Agrippa in 25-27 AD, again by Emperor Domitian in 80 AD, and finally rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian in 118 AD. •The Pantheon was originally a temple for pagan gods but was changed into a church in 609.
•Its design was far more advanced compared to other structures from that era.
•The Pantheon has been intact for over 1800 years. •The Pantheon stands in Rome, Italy. In the Piazza della Rotunda. •“M. AGRIPPA. L. F. COS. TERTIVM. FECIT” was written on the porch of the Pantheon. That meant that this structure was made by Marcus Agrippa and was a dedication to the gods. The Pantheon has proven to be one of the most innovative structures of our time. The makers of this structure wanted something new and different and their expectations still apply to the Pantheon today. Hadrian, the emperor at the time, set the Roman gods far from the Greek gods by building this temple. He also proved that not all structures have to have one purpose by combing purposes with the construction of the Pantheon. The Romans were far too advanced for their time. This structure withstood years and years of war and that proves the value of its construction. Roman and Greek
Differentiation: -Roman structures were located in urban areas while Greek structures were located in more "rural" areas.

- Concentrates on the design on the inside. Unlike the Greeks who concentrated on the outside. (e.g. Greek Parthenon compared to the Pantheon) 1. Structure of
the Pantheon 2. Background
Information 3. Quick Facts 4. Video about the
construction of the
Pantheon 5. Thesis Statement 6. Points of Argument 7. Significance 8. Conclusion Outside of the Parthenon. Inside the Parthenon. Outside of the Pantheon. Inside of the Pantheon. Combination of Different
Establishments: -The builders of this structure dared to use a cylinder (generally used in tombs).

-The Pantheon had many different purposed. It was used as a place of worship, a meeting place for the emperor, a tomb and later a church.

-Raphael (Italian artist),Victor Emmanuel II, the first king of a unified Italy, and Umberto I, Victor Emmanuel’s successor. Architectural Advancements: -The Romans were the first people to use domes in their architecture.

-The idea of using different types of stone helped the Pantheon stay up right all these years.
e.g. the weight of Pantheons roof was distributed so most of the weight would be at the bottom. - The construction of the Pantheon showed how the Romans were polytheistic and had their own list of gods.

-It also proved how open the Romans were to other gods and religions because this temple was a place of worship for all of the gods (equally honored).
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