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Deforestation

GIN Conference 2014
by

Nicholas Williams

on 8 January 2015

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Transcript of Deforestation

What is it?
Deforestation is the clearing of trees for space, land, and non-environmental uses.
This process includes the cutting down, burning, and destroying of forests.
Essential Question
What are the effects of deforestation on the planet, and what is being done globally to prevent/control the issue?
What is being done to control deforestation in Jamaica?
Why should we care?
The Forestry Department has taken many steps in helping the prevention of deforestation in Jamaica.
all saw mills on the island must be registered with the Forestry Department
the Forestry Department is working to get about 13 areas declared as forest reserves
the Forestry Department is raising awareness to educate the majority of the Jamaican public
How are we going to keep the project going?
In several years, the students in our GIN group will no longer be at AISK, so...
the next GIN group will continue to try to educate the population on the effects of deforestation and steps to take in order to try to stop it
they will continue efforts to raise global awareness of deforestation
they will also continue to water our plants and take care of them so that in a few years, AISK will have shady areas to sit under
DEFORESTATION
Where does it happen?
Why does it happen?
Deforestation typically occurs:
to acquire land for settlements, plantations, and pastures
trees are used as fuel or lumber
for the making of products that necessitate wood
man-made disasters

Sources
http://jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20130110/news/news5.html

http://www.wrm.org.uy/oldsite/bulletin/50/Jamaica.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deforestation

http://eschooltoday.com/forests/what-is-deforestation.html

http://www.trfic.msu.edu/data_portal/Landsat7doc/defor_fact.html

https://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Deforestation.html

http://www.buzzle.com/articles/why-does-deforestation-happen.html

http://www.mapsofworld.com/world-top-ten/countries-with-highest-deforestation-map.html

http://www.worldwildlife.org/threats/deforestation

http://rainforests.mongabay.com/deforestation/archive/Jamaica.htm

http://www.odpem.org.jm/DisastersDoHappen/TypesofHazardsDisasters/Floods/ProtectYourselfFromFloods/NonStructuralFloodControlMeasuresinJamaica/tabid/294/Default.aspx#Reforestation_and_Crop_Rotation

http://www.slideshare.net/egfred/deforestation-2906755

http://www.ucsusa.org/global_warming/solutions/stop-deforestation/brazils-reduction-deforestation.html#.VEv2IIvF8so

http://www.ecopaper.com/how-paper-is-made

http://www.howtoprevent.com/enviroment/how-to-prevent-deforestation/
Cut the cutting, because deforestation destroys the nation!
Deforestation in Jamaica can be traced back to 1449 from when Columbus first discovered the island and took notice of its large forest areas.
The Spanish wished to explore the island and expand their territory, and so the trees were cut.
The rate increased again between the 1800s and the 1940s under the English empire, and then decreased in 1943.
The rate of deforestation has been slowly decreasing since then, but has definitely not stopped.
What have we done so far?
So far, we have held several activities to bring awareness to the issue of deforestation.
planted trees on AISK's field in light of National Tree Planting Day
held a plant sale where students, parents, and teachers from AISK purchased different types of plants
hosted a Lock-In in collaboration with the other GIN groups where students paid money to stay overnight at the school and partake in fun activities
What can you do to help?
There are many small things that you can do everyday to help to combat deforestation.
use less paper by only printing necessary documents and reusing and recycling paper
trying to organize petitions to help preserve forest areas and to help protect them from people doing illegal activities
buying products that leave a lower carbon footprint (such as eco paper)
planting trees
What are we planning to do for the future?
Over the course of the next year, our group plans to collaborate with the Forestry Department in Jamaica to bring more awareness to this issue.
We also plan to host more interactive activities to involve the other students at AISK, like joining the Forestry Department’s yearly hike up the Blue Mountains to plant trees.
Deforestation contributes towards global warming
It aids towards the extinction of many species
Deforestation contributes to a lower air quality, especially when trees are burnt
It can lead to poor crop production
How does it affect the planet?
What is being done globally?
Fun Fact!
Brazil hopes to further reduce their rate of deforestation by 80% by the year of 2020, having already reduced it by an astounding 67%.
There are many steps being taken globally to prevent deforestation.
Rotational harvesting is one way that farmers all over the world are helping to control deforestation.
Forest fires are another major cause of deforestation. Many countries, such as the United States, use a method called fire suppression to prevent this.
History of deforestation in Jamaica
We should care because forests are an essential part of the environment, covering 31% of the land area on our planet. They benefit us in many ways.
Trees produce vital oxygen
Forests help to prevent land slides
They provide homes for wildlife
1.6 billion people rely on benefits forests offer
How does it affect Jamaica?
Jamaica is a small island, yet we are losing our forests at a very rapid rate.
Over 75% of Jamaica's forests have been lost. This is due to several reasons:
Agricultural expansion (mainly coffee plantations)
Bauxite mining (considered to be one of the main reasons behind deforestation in Jamaica)
What are other countries doing about it?
The countries that have the most deforestation:
Brazil
Between the years of 1996 and 2006, Brazil's deforestation rate was reduced by 67%, due to increasing protected forest reserves in the Amazon to half of the total forest area.

Indonesia
In 2011, Indonesia signed a moratorium (temporary pause in activity) policy on logging with Norway, and if they complied, they could receive up to one billion US. dollars.

Russia
Due to Russia's ample amount of thick trees in the Russian Taiga and the southern portion of the country, deforestation is large problem. Not much has been done, but Russia is proposing many different solutions to solve this. These include trying to completely stop logging in the Taiga forest.
Deforestation happens all over the world. Places most affected by deforestation include:
The Amazon in Brazil
lowland tropical forests in Sulawesi, Indonesia
parts of Russia (especially those closest to China)
The American International School of Kingston
Presentation by the Deforestation Team:
Alex Palving
Sean Piehel
Araiya Shah
Nicholas Williams
Full transcript