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Independent Theatre Movement

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Kelsey Sapp

on 1 April 2013

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Transcript of Independent Theatre Movement

Provincetown Playhouse Theatre-Libre Freie Bühne (Free Stage) was founded in Berlin and 1889. Unlike Theatre Libre, the Freie Bühne was democratically organized, with officers and a governing council. They gave performances on Sunday afternoons (so that professional actors could be in them), had different performers in each production, and exercised much less control over the theatrical productions. Its major contribution was performing censored plays. The theatre dissolved in 1894. Freie Bühne Freie Volksbuhne The goal of the organization was to promote the social-realist plays of the day at prices accessible to the common worker. The original slogan inscribed on the edifice was "Die Kunst dem Volke" ("Art to the people"). Independent Theatre in London The Independent Theatre was a dramatic society founded in 1930 by Doris Fitton, and was also the name given to the building it occupied from 1938. It was named for London's Independent Theatre Society and was one of several amateur drama groups of high standard which sprang up in the 1930s. The Provincetown Players began when a group of writers and artists who were vacationing in Provincetown, MA presented their plays July 15, 1915 on the veranda of Hutchins Hapgood and Neith Boyce's rented ocean-view cottage. Independent Theatre Movement "...to make naturalism and realism more acceptable" André Antoine a French actor, theatre manager, film director, author, and critic who is considered the father of modern mise en scène in France. André Antoine was a clerk at the Paris Gas Utility and worked in the Archer Theatre when he asked to produce a dramtization of a novel by Émile Zola. The amateur group refused it, so he decided to create his own theatre to realize his vision of the proper development of dramatic art. Unique recording of André Antoine's rehearsal So he founded the Théâtre Libre (Free Theatre), first program was a success and by the end of 1887 he was famous, and worked in the theatre till 1914. The Théâtre Libre used a subscription basis—productions were open only two members—so his theatre was exempt from censorship. His theatre did many plays that had been refused licenses other places (for instance, Ghosts had been banned in much of Europe). While some of the plays tended to reverse morality—repelling many and helping to lead to the idea that naturalism was depraved—key paved the way for greater freedom in established theatres. The Théâtre Libre also began producing at least one foreign work per year, introducing a world theatre to France. By the 1880s, Innovative plays by realists and naturalists had appeared, but censorship had kept most of them from production The New drama and the new staging remained isolated from each other Throughout Europe, plays could not be publicly performed until a censor had approved them Censors would not license some of Ibsen’s plays, but private performances were not subject to censorship A number of small, “independent theatres” exploited this loophole Open only to subscribing members and not subject to censorship The independent theatres were able to unite the new drama with the new staging techniques produced the plays of Zola and Ibsen It's first production was Ibsen's "Ghosts" Scenic & Lighting Design by R. Finkelstein - Produced at The University of Colorado at Denver, College of Arts and Media at Denver's Acoma City Center Theatre. Production debut: October 6, 1999. The production is directed by Kathy Maes with costumes by Penny Cole. Produced by Berkeley Summer Rep. This is the theatre at 133 Macdougal Street, though many times since refurbished, that is known today as the Provincetown Playhouse. The group quickly gave larger voice to the burgeoning "Little Theatre" movement taking place across the country. Produced Eugene O'Neil's play "Bound East for Cardiff"
A play set at sea. The movement that would revolutionize
nineteenth century theatre and create the basis for today’s modern drama. The movement,
in English is known as the independent theatre movement A small roadmap inspired by my show Pirates of Penzance
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