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Rheumatic Heart Disease
Transcript of Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatic heart disease is an inflammatory condition that mainly involves cardiac valves. Damage to the heart valves may lead to a valve disorder (www.rocketswag.com.
What causes Rheumatic Heart Disease.
Rheumatic heart disease is caused by the damaging of the heart by rheumatic fever and bacterial infection that can cause problems with the heart's aortic and mitral valves (seattlechildrens.org).
Painful and tender joints
Pain in one joint that migrates to another
Red, hot or swollen joints
Small, painless nodules beneath the skin
Flat or slightly raised, painless rash
Uncontrollable body movements
Outburst of unusual behaviors, such as crying or inappropriate laughing (mayoclinic.org).
Which Countries are it affected?
Rheumatic heart disease is rare in Canada, United
States, and western Europe. Today, it mostly affects Africa, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand (merckmanuals.com).
Who does it affect?
Rheumatic heart disease mostly occurs to children and young people who live in poverty (worldheartfederation.com).
No Other Name.
There is no name for rheumatic heart disease, but, it is caused by rheumatic fever.
Rheumatic Heart Disease
Penicillin needles to prevent further episodes of acute rheumatic fever.
Dental check ups.
A test to check the health of the valves in your heart.
Check ups with an Indigenous health worker.
Check ups with a nurse.
Check ups with a doctor.
Check ups with a specialist doctor, such as pediatrician, physician or cardiologist (rhdaustralia.org.au).
Success Rate of Treatments.
50% of the patients who developed heart murmurs from episodes of rheumatic heart disease eventually disappears (merckmanuals.com).
Patients who did not have carditis (inflammation of heart) during initial Acute Rheumatic Fever is unlikely to develop carditis if ARF recurs (merckmanuals.com).
There is no vaccine for Rheumatic Heart Disease.
Accurate diagnosis and initial immediate treatment of strep throat is critical to prevent complications (worldheartfederation.org).
Avoiding the recurrence of Rheumatic Heart Fever after the initial episode by long-term use of antibiotic for 5 years or up to 21 years old (merckmanuals.com).