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Skin Cancer: The Danger Zone

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by

Bree Scarbrough

on 4 April 2015

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Transcript of Skin Cancer: The Danger Zone

UV Tanning booths
Tanning
Sunburns
Not wearing sunscreen/ not reapplying sunscreen
Failing to receive a yearly skin exam
Know Your Enemies
It's More Than Danger to Your Dermis
Tanning six times per year in high school or college will increase the risk of developing basal cell carcinoma by 73%
1 indoor tanning session increases the chance for developing melanoma by 20%
Tanning
Five or more blistering sunburns between the ages of 15-20 increases:
the risk of melanoma by 80%
the risk of non-melanoma by 68%
Sunburns
Ages Average Accumulated Exposure
1-18 22.73 %
19-40 46.53%
41-59 73.7%
60-78 100%

Lifetime UV Exposure
Melanoma
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Types of Skin Cancer
Most serious and potentially fatal types of skin cnacer
treatment depends on the stage of the skin cancer
The overall 5-year relative survival rate for melanoma is 91%
Melanoma
Starts in the basal layer of the skin and rarely spreads through the body
Also known as a non-melanomas skin cancer
Usually begins in the areas of the skin most exposed to sunlight
For examples: face, neck, chest, shoulders, forearms, and lower legs
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Begins in the squamous cells
Common among those with dark skin
Also known as a type of non-melanomas skin cancer
Commonly found in:
legs, feet, head, face, hands, lips, ears, and neck
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Monthly Self-Examinations (ABCDE's)
Seek shade, especially between 10AM and 4PM
Do not burn
Sunscreen
Keep Covered
Avoid tanning and UV tanning booths
Have a yearly professional skin exam
Prevention Techniques
E) Evolving
ABCDE's of Melanoma
Clothing
Broad-brimmed hats
UV-blocking sunglasses
Cover Up
Use broad spectrum (UVA/ UVB) sunscreen
SPF 15+ for every day use
Water-resistant & Broad-spectrum SPF 30+ for extended outdoor activity
Apply 2 tablespoons of sunscreen on the entire body 30 minutes prior to going outside
Newborns should be kept out of the sun, while infants over 6 months should wear sunscreen
Sunscreen
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2011 65,647 of the United States populous were diagnosed with melanomas of the skin.
Being the most deadly of the skin cancers, melanoma claimed the lives of 9,128 citizens in 2011.
A Serious Threat
Skin cancer predictions for 2015
137,310 new cases of melanoma
63,440 non-invasive
73,870 invasive
By 2015, 1 in 50 Americans will develop in their lifetime
Expected Incidence
Nearly 5 million people are treated for skin cancer
In 2006, 3.5 million cases of skin cancer were diagnosed in a study of 2.5 million people
Treatment of non-melanoma skin cancers increased by nearly 77% between 1992 - 2006
Global Scope
1 in 5 Americans will develop skin cancer in the course of their lifetime.
Over the past 3 decades, more people have died from skin cancer than all other cancers combined.
Lives Taken
Gender
Ethnicity/ Skin Type
Age
Skin Cancer Victim Demographics
40-50% of Americans who live to age 65 will either have basal cell carcinoma (BCC) or squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) at least once
Melanoma accounts for up to 3% of all pediatric cancers
Melanoma accounts for 6% of cancer cases in teens 15-19
Melanoma accounts for:
7.1% of the cancers diagnosed in people ages 15-19
12% of the cancers diagnosed in people ages 20-24
12.8% of the cancers diagnosed in people ages 25-29
Age
Among the 15-29 age group:
90% of melanoma patients are white, non-Hispanic
People with lighter skin have a much greater risk of getting skin cancer than those with lighter skin
Ethnicity/ Skin Type

Men
Account for...
40% of melanoma cases
60% of melanoma deaths
From ages 15-39, men are 55% more likely to die from melanoma
42,670 men will be diagnosed with invasive melanoma in 2015
Approximately 6,640 men will die from melanoma in 2015
Women
Women Account for...
Women under 39 have a higher probability of developing melanoma than any other cancer except breast cancer
Melanoma incidnece is increasing faster in females 15-29 than in males of the same age group
31,200 women will be diagnosed with invasive melanoma in 2015
Approximately 31,200 women will die from melanoma in 2015
Treatments
Treatment styles are based upon the stage and type of skin cancer.
1) Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Relatively Early Cases
More Complicated Cases
3) Basal Cell Carcinoma
4) Melanoma
Squamous Cell Carcinoma - More Complicated Cases
Squamous Cell Carcinoma - Relatively Early Cases
Melanoma
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Stage 0:
Treated with excision, Mob's Surgery, and occasionally radiation
Stage I:
Wide excision surgery is used and is sometimes followed by lymph node biopsy
Stage II:
Wide excision surgery and lymph node biopsy
Stage III:
Wide excision of tumor, lymph node dissection and radiation therapy, limbs are treated with perfusion (limb chemotherapy), targeted therapy, immunotherapy, and biochemotherapy
Stage IV:
Surgical removal of tumors, radiation, immunotherapy, chemotherapy, and biochemotherapy
Excision of the tumor and a small margin of skin
Currettage and electrodissection
Moh's Surgery
Radiation
Cryosurgery
Lymph Node Dissection
Chemotherapy
Surgeries: excision, curettage & electrodissection, and Moh's Surgery
Radiation therapy, topical chemotherapy, or cryosurgery
Target drug called Vismodegib
References
Presented by:
Alexandra Alvarez
Colleen Binder
Carmen Corum
Cristina Dejiulio
Tamara Joseph
Samantha Morgan
Bree Scarbrough
Jordan Schaefer
Mila Stopa
Kayla Williams

A) Asymmetry
B) Border
C) Color
D) Diameter
Full transcript