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The Battles of the Revolutionary War
Transcript of The Battles of the Revolutionary War
Major Battles of the
By: Sarah Woenker
The Battle at Saratoga
The battle at Lexington and Concord
The Battle of Bunker Hill
The battle at bunker hill was on June 17, 1775. British soldiers took position around the base of Breeds Hill. The British soldiers wearing red coats, marched straight up the hill through the tall grass.
At the Battle of Bunker Hill the british had 6,500 troops, the americans had about 10,000.
The british general William Howe decided to attack straight up the hill. The american commander Israel Putnam
The first British attack failed and so did the second the third attack succeeded, only because the Americans ran out of ammunition, and had to retreat. The british won the battle but at a terrible cost, but the Americans had proved they could fight and stand up to professional British soldiers.
The british government had no intention of meeting the demands of the first continental congress, but instead they chose to use force to restore its authority. While the colonists began to arm and form new militia units they were called minutemen.
General Thomas Gage the new governor of Massachusetts learned the minutemen were storing arms in concord. He sent 700 troops to seize the arms and capture some important colonial leaders.
Five miles from Concord in the town of Lexington, about seventy-seven minutemen were waiting when the British arrived. The british commander ordered the minutemen to go home, but they refused.
Suddenly a shot was fired, nobody know who fired it but it turned out to be the first shot in the American Revolution.
On Christmas night Washington led two thousand four hundred men across the the Delaware.
The troops were poorly supplied. so poorly that some of them didn't even have any shoes. They rapped rags around there feet to keep them warm.
The Battle at Trenton
On December 26 they attacked Trenton from two sides, achieving complete surprise.
The attack brought a ringing American victory. Washington's army captured almost a thousand hessian mercenaries.
Washington used a clever trick to escape. His soldiers made camp near Trenton and lit campfires after dark they packed up there stuff and withdrew. The british didn't discover the trick until daylight when the main body of soldiers attacked and damaged a british force near Princeton.
The Battle at Saratoga
Burgoyne led the main British force from Canada. After recapturing Fort Ticonderoga they slowly pushed south dragging a large train of baggage carts through the woods. Supplies was running short.
Americans were rushing to block British. By September the American commander in New York, General Horatio Gates, had six thousand men ready to fight. At the village of Saratoga, New York the Americans surrounded the British. After suffering heavy causalities Burgoyne surrendered .
The Battle at Saratoga marked a major turning point in the war. The American victory ended the British victory. It also lifted the spirits of the patriots. This battle helped convince Europeans that the Americans had a sound chance of winning.
The Battle at Valley Forge
Washington's continental army suffered through cruel winter of 1777-1778. The eleven thousand continental soldiers were not sufficiently fed, clothed, or housed.Many lacked shoes, socks, and even trousers. Through the winter they shivered and at least one soldier in four was sickwith chills, fever,or worse.
Since the food was so scarce they mainly ate thin soup and dry bread patties.
When Americans learned about the conditions at Valley Forge they sent help. Women collected food, medicine, warm clothes, and ammunition. Some women including George Washington's wife Martha went to Valley Forge to tend the sick and wounded.
The Continental army used that winter to gather its strength for the battles that lay ahead. Steuben's drills sharpened the soldiers skills and discipline.
The Battle at Yorktown
The Battle at Yorktown was the final battle in the Revolutionary War. The battle was fought for twenty-one days.
Cornwallis then made a fateful mistake. he moved his army to the Yorktown peninsula. There he thought the British fleet could reinforce his position.
At the same time Washington rushed toward Virginia with American and French troops. Cornwallis found himself in a trap. After three weeks Cornwallis had to surrender because the American and French soldiers barred escaped by land, while the French fleet blocked escape by sea.
On October 19, 1781 the American and French lined up in two facing column. The British marched glumly between the two columns and tossed their weapons into a large pile on the ground.
Peace talks began in Paris in 1782. The Americans delegation included Benjamin Franklin and John Adams. The British were eager for peace so the Americans got most what they wanted.
The talks led to an agreement the Treaty of Paris. Britain recognized the independence of the United States and the boundaries of the new nation were set. The United States restored rights and property taken from the loyalists during the war. On April 15, 1783 Congress approved the treaty. The war was officially over.
The Battle at Bunker Hill
Why the Americans Won
The geography because they new the land better than the British because they lived there.
The patriots had the will to fight and risk there lives for there independence.
They also had skilled leaders. Like George Washington he never gave up no matter what he kept going.
Last but not least they help from other countries. They got money from other countries.