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Transcript of Romanticism
*Romantics placed value on intuition (feelings and instincts) over reason.
*Emotions were a key element in Romantic art.
*British Romantic William Wordsworth described poetry as, “the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings. How Did It Happen? *In 1798 William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge published the book Lyrical Ballads, which marked the beginning of literary Romanticism.
*Romantic poets transferred their hope of reformation of man from violent political revolution to a quiet yet drastic revolution in the moral and imaginative nature of the human race. Music
Romantic music emphasized expression of feelings. Romanticism & The Arts *Literature, Art, and Music (ballets and operas) illustrated themes of courtly love and chivalry, which was prevalent in the Middle Ages.
*Shakespeare came back in style during this period.
*Neoclassical art typically had straight lines versus Romantic art which was typically emotional and dramatic. Romanticism In America * Writers found a new interest in the trials and dreams of the common population (people on the street). Imagination
*Imagination was emphasized over reason.
*Romanticism elevated imagination and freed individuals from the structures of neo-classicism.
*Imagination was considered a necessity for all forms of art. Idealism
*Idealism is the idea that individuals can make the world a better place.
*Idealism refers to any theory that emphasizes the spirit, the mind, or language over matter; thought has a crucial role in making the world the way it is. Inspiration
*Inspiration means going with the moment or being spontaneous, rather than getting it precise.
*Musicians, artists, and writers of the Romantic era were considered to be an inspired creator rather than a technical master. Individuality
*Romantics often celebrated the individual/self. An example of this is a Walt Whitman poem entitled “Song of Myself.”
*During the Romantic period, Women’s Rights and Abolitionism were taking root as major movements. Visual Arts
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Franz Josef Haydn were Classical composers. 1730-1820 Classical music emphasized internal order and balance. 1800-1910 Chopin, Franz Lizst, Pytor Ilyich Tchaikovsky were Romantic composers. * In America, Romanticism strongly impacted literature. *American writers typically explored supernatural and gothic themes. * Transcendentalists believed God was in nature, unlike Age of Reason writers like Franklin and Jefferson, who saw God as a divine watchmaker, who created the universe and left it to run itself. * Their deep attachment to nature and pure simplicity was a response to the misery and ugliness of the Industrial Period. *Romanticism and the Industrial revolution began to flourish following the French revolution.
http://www.history.com/topics/industrial-revolution/videos#the-industrial-revolition *During this time, poets began to turn away from their faith in science and reason.