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The Marcos Adminsitration (1965-1986)

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Joshua Philip Ortua

on 8 September 2012

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Transcript of The Marcos Adminsitration (1965-1986)

The Marcos Administration Background of FERDINAND MARCOS Full Name: Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos Ferdinand Marcos was born on September 11, 1917 to parents MARIANO MARCOS and JOSEFA EDRALIN He grew up at the Town of Sarrat in Ilocos Norte. Marcos is a descendant of Japanese-Chinese Ancestry as what the clan orally claims At an early age, the young Marcos had already been exposed to politics when his brother MARIANO MARCOS became a congressman (1935) The Gifted Child Seagrave's book, claims that young Marcos possessed a phenomenal memory He was able to memorize complicated texts and can recite it forward and backward Education Ferdinand Marcos attended college at the University of the Philippines He entered the UP College of Law after his undergraduate studies He graduated with the distinction of cum laude He was a member of Upsilon Sigma Phi fraternity Wartime Activities Throughout his childhood, Ferdinand Marcos had lived under the rule of United States He gained the reputation of being the greatest Filipino resistance leader of war Political Career Ferdinand Marcos was elected twice in the Congress representing the 2nd District of Ilocos Norte (1949-1959) He was elected in the Philippine Senate (1959-1965) and became the Senate President He became the 6th President of the Third Philippine Republic (1965 - 1986) Imelda Romualdez-Marcos Ferdinand Marcos was married to Imelda Romualdez on May 1, 1954 Imelda Romualdez-Marcos became the First Lady of Ferdinand and became the most controversial First Lady in the history of the Philippines The Marcos Family Ferdinand Marcos had three children: Maria Imelda "Imee" Romualdez-Marcos Ferdinand "Bongbong" Romualdez-Marcos Jr. Irene Marcos Presentation by: Group 6 (1BIO3) THE FIRST TERM OF MARCOS ADMINISTRATION 1965-1969 NOVEMBER 9, 1965 The Nacionalista dominated the 1965 Presidential election Senator Ferdinand Marcos was elected the new President alongside his running mate Senator Fernando Lopez They defeated the Liberal Party's bet, Diosdado Macapagal FIRST TERM ACHIEVEMENTS Stabilization of Government Finance Greater Production of Rice (miracle rice) Infrastructures Movements against smuggling, crime synidcates and communism Manila Summit Conference (October 24-25, 1966) THE SECOND TERM OF MARCOS ADMINISTRATION 1969-1972 NOVEMBER 11, 1969 President Ferdinand Marcos was re-elected due to public satisfaction on his administration He was the first President to be re-elected for a second term At the time of his inauguration, he was the first president to take his oath in the native language It was during his second term when Benigno Aquino, Jr. became a member of the Philippine Senate CRISIS IN THE SOCIETY Rising Oil Price Prices of Prime commodities spiralled skyward Increase of Unemployment rate Devaluation of "floating peso" Other Social and Economical Problems Economic Recession Prevalence of Dirty Politics Rampage of Graft and Corruption Impotency of the 1935 Philippine Constitution Crime, Communism and Subversion STUDENT ACTIVISM DILIMAN COMMUNE BATTLE OF MENDIOLA The student demonstration was done by the students of the University of the Philippines Diliman which aims to cease increasing oil price. The students also wanted to have lower price in prime commodities and social justice. The Second Term of the Marcos Administration sparked the leftist unrest called the FIRST QUARTER STORM The Diliman Commune was the first student demonstration after the First Quarter Storm The Battle of Mendiola is considered to be the most violent and the bloodiest student demonstration. It took place on January 30, 1970 where thousands of students tried to storm the gates of Malacañang THE MARTIAL LAW Proclamation No. 1081 SEPTEMBER 21, 1972 President Ferdinand Marcos issued Proclamation No. 1081 placing the entire country under Martial Law The Plaza Miranda Bombing and the failed Assassination attempt to Defense Minister Enrile had led to the issuance of Martial Law President Marcos had suspended the Writ of Habeas Corpus before the imposing of Martial Law in order to ensure the safety of the citizens HAPPENINGS Abolition of the Congress Establishment of the Military Government "Constitutional Authoritarianism" Detained suspected subversives The media was silenced Curfew was imposed from midnight to 4AM Demonstrations and rallies were prohibited Vital Public Utilities and Industries were placed under government control All schools were closed for one week Travel Ban was imposed on Filipinos Disregarded the 1935 Constitution Special Military Tribunals were created THE POSITIVE SIDE No large-scale violence occurred Crime Rate decreased National Discipline People became law-abiding citizens THE NEW SOCIETY Ang Bagong Lipunan President Marcos characterized the new society as a disciplined, self-sufficient, peaceful and self-reliant Stop mass poverty Democratic distribution of wealth and property. Green Revolution by First Lady Imelda Marcos POSITIVE OUTCOMES Philippines' GNP rose from 55 billion to 198 billion in 1980's Tourism rose Southeast Asian countries sought help to solve their economic problems INFRASTRUCTURES Cultural Center of the Philippines Manila Film Center Philippine International Convention Center Philippine Heart Center Manila International Airport or NAIA Terminal 1 1973 CONSTITUTION AND THE FOURTH REPUBLIC THE FALL OF THE DICTATOR
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