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Genocide and War Crimes in the Bosnian War
Transcript of Genocide and War Crimes in the Bosnian War
1878 until World War I: Ottoman and Hapsburg control
During World War I: Kingdom of Yugoslavia Three Causes of Bosnian War Srebrenica Memorial http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-1836206543/ Bosnia and Herzegovina's Ethnic Makeup, 1990 As of 1990:
5.5% "Yugoslav" Tensions Rise as Communism Falls Works Cited Bennett, Christopher Michael. “Bosnia and Herzegovina.” Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity. Ed. Dinah L. Shelton. Vol. 1. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2005. 125-29. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 23 Nov. 2012.
“Bosnian genocide.” The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Terrorism. Patricia D. Netzley. Ed. Moataz A. Fattah. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2007. 77-78. Gale World History In Context. Web. 2 Dec. 2012.
Honig, Jan Willem. “Srebrenica.” Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity. Ed. Dinah L. Shelton. Vol. 2. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2005. 988-89. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 25 Nov. 2012.
Rogel, Carole. The Breakup of Yugoslavia and the War in Bosnia. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1998. Print.
“Yugoslavian Civil War.” World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 18 Nov. 2012. 1992-1995
over 200,000 killed Genocide in the Bosnian War - Bosnia's unique history
- Fall of Communism
- Too little, too late from international organizations None of these groups were particularly concentrated. - Only country in Yugoslavia to have been under both Ottoman (Muslim) and Hapsburg (Catholic) Rule. Serb and Croat
Nationalism and Expansionism Nationalism: desire for ethnic sovereignty
Expansionism: desire for influence and territory
- First seen after assimilation into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia Political Shifts after World War II Beginning of World War II: Kingdom of Yugoslavia replaced by Ustasha control
- Ustasha is a fascist Croat state
After World War II: Yugoslavia becomes communist
- Revolution spearheaded by Josip Broz Tito
- Had to defeat Serb and Croat nationalists
- Extremely bloody conflict Communism and Ethnicity - Communism subdued nationalistic uprisings and ethnic disputes
- Egalitarian state ignores ethnicity, so ethnic problems cannot be solved
- Ethnic tensions rise as a result 1981: Josip Broz Tito died.
- Communism began to decline.
- Serbian nationalist Slobodon Milosevic now led Yugoslavia
- Non-Serb Bosnians had had enough. - One of the bloodiest conflicts of the twentieth century was about to begin.
- Tens of thousands of innocent civilians will be killed in the genocide.