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Should The Youth Justice System be Tougher on Young People Who Commit Crimes?

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Kaitlyn Streeter

on 9 December 2014

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Transcript of Should The Youth Justice System be Tougher on Young People Who Commit Crimes?

Should The Youth Justice System be Tougher on Young People Who Commit Crimes?

Punishment should be harsher on youth offenders.
The current form of the justice system allows for offenders to receive minimal penance for their actions, while this enables the offender of the crime to recieve as minimal impact from their behavior, it does not deliver the appropriate justice that the victim and community deserve.
What if we do nothing?
The statistics.
The stories.
What is the system like now?
What society could be like.
What we should do.
What should be done?
Are there exceptions?
The main points.
Challenges and opportunities
A serious problem
One of the key problems we face regarding youth punishment is punishment for murder and assault. If a youth is under the age of 14 their names can not be published and the community will be unaware that there is a criminal in their midst. This is unfair to the victim and the community.
The ultimate goal.
The main goal of any justice system is to achieve a state in which there is no more crime. Though this will likely not be achieved in our lifetime, harshening the punishment for youth offenders puts us one step closer to this goal.
How things would improve.
Youth will not learn from their punishments and repeat their offense
Victims will go without justice
communities and citizens will be put in danger
Youth crime will go on unhindered
Youth can be easily reintroduced to society
Punishment does not harshly affect the youth
Refer back to the pros and cons
Explain how it will help
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
What is The Youth Criminal Justice Act?
The youth criminal justice act defines the consequences young people face for criminal offenses.
It deals with offenders aged 12-17
allows easy punishment such as counsilling and community service.
prohibits adult sentences for youth ages 12-14
Protects the privacy of young offenders
allows most youth offenders to avoid a criminal record.
Prior to the YCJA, youths were facing adult punishment for minor crimes, there were so many cases that courts had become backlogged, and the previous system was not proving effective against the youth offenders.
The YCJA was implemented in 2003 and created a justice system that was separate from the criminal code of canada. It outlines the punishments that should be faced by young people if they were to commit a crime.
There should be harsher punishments for the youth who commit crimes. The punishment should suit the circumstance and severity of the crime committed, and repeat offenders should receive harsher punishments as the previous punishments have proven ineffective. We should lower the age for adult punishment to twelve as most children that age are capable of making their own decisions.
All youth should be treated equally, when receiving penance, however punishment should be lessened on those who are mentally challenged or come from a geatly impoverished origin. Punishment should be increased on repeat offenders or those who commit serious crimes (theft over $5 000, murder, ect.)
punishment should be harsher for youth offenders.
youth should be held accountable for their actions.
punishment should increaase in accordance to severity and reccurance of crime.
punishment should fit the circumstance of the crime.
Our current system allows for youth to be reintegrated into society through councilling and minor punishments such as community service, this allows the offender the opportunity to change their behavior with as little effect on their lives as possible. However, because of these easy sentences the challenge arises that youth may repeat their offense due to lack of consequence.
Our current system has both its benifits and disadvantages. It is built around the idea of reintroducing offenders into society with minimal impact on the youths future. However, a byproduct of these ideals is that the punishments are too easy on the offender and allows the repetition of a crime until it becomes out of hand.
If we were to implement harsher punishment it would discourage youth from repeating their crimes, it could even stop them from doing it the first time due to fear of consequence.
No more repeat offenders
less youth criminal activity
justice for all
Our society suffers greatly from youth crime, be it simply vandilism or full blown murder. If we could discourage youth from committing these crimes, or if we could find the perfect punishment, we would be able to achieve justice for everyone effected, the victim, the offender, and the community.
If we were to leave the system as it is, we would be allowing the injustice of repeat offenders and youth crime to go unhindered. True the punishments we have do not harm the offender, but they do not help the victim.
All provinces, except Quebec, reported an annual increase in their police-reported youth crime rate in 2006. The largest increases occurred in Prince Edward Island (+38%), Newfoundland and Labrador (+22%), Nova Scotia (+17%), and Manitoba (+14%).
Drug-related crimes among young people have climbed dramatically compared with 10 years earlier. In 2006, close to 18,000 youth, were accused of drug-related offenses, making the rate of drug offences among youth increase 97% what it was 10 years earlier
youth accused of violent offences account for nearly one-quarter of all apprehended youth. Much of this increase in the rate of youth violent crime has been driven by an increase in youth involvement in assaults. Youth accused of assault represented nearly 80% of those apprehended for a violent crime in 2006.

As was mentioned earlier, if a youth were to murder someone when they were under the age of 14, then their name would not be published and no one could now their identity. This poses a serious threat to the community if they were to repeat their offense. The following are three cases in which a youth had committed murder ad their privacy protected.
A young boy, under the age of twelve could not be published or charged after killig a six year old boy in saskatchewan. He was a know offender to the police, but his community was unaware - untill it was too late.
A 13 year old, Albertain boy was charged with 2nd degree murder after stabbing and killing a 45 year old man. The offenders name was not released to the public.
A 12 year old girl admits to murdering her 8 year old brother while her boyfriend stabbed her parents. Her name was not released to the public.
Issues for canadians grade 9 social textbook, chapter 2
Social studies 9 - chapter 2 youth criminal justice act workbook
We should harshen the punishments for youth offender, especially those who were charged with serious crimes. We should impose fines for those who are caught with drugs, and allow the publishment of offenders names in media.
justice for communities
decrease in youth crime
decrease in drug use by youth
less repeat offenders
youth may be affected later in life by these punishments
it may be harder to reintegrate youth into society
In conclusion, the YCJA needs to have harsher punishment in order to accommodate for the severity and recurrence of crimes committed by youth.
Although it would be harder to reintegrate youth into society, it would be worth harshening the punishments in order to decrease the amount of youth crime and repeat offenders.
Our communities would be safer, justice would be achieved for all members of the offense, including the victim. There would be less crime and less repeat offenders.
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