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To Kill a Mockingbird (RY)
Transcript of To Kill a Mockingbird (RY)
Harper Lee develops an interest in English literature in Monroe County High School. After she graduated, she went to all-female Huntingdon College in Montgomery; there she stood apart from others. Then, Harper Lee was accepted into the university’s law school, University of Alabama, in her junior year, which allow students to work on law degrees while still undergraduates. One summer, she went to Oxford University in England as an exchange student; at fall, she returned to her law studies, but dropped out the first semester. Over all, she didn’t receive any degree. Later, she moved to New York and followed her dream becoming a writer.
She chose “Harper Lee” on the cover of To Kill a Mockingbird because she didn't want to be misidentified as “Nellie”. She is known for her 1961 Pulitzer-Prize-winning novel To Kill a Mockingbird, although she said in an interview in 1964 “never expect any sort of success with Mockingbird”. To Kill a Mockingbird published in 1960, now is praised to be one of the best American novels. Fans awaited for the second novel of To Kill a Mockingbird but it never came out. To Kill a Mockingbird sold more than thirty million copies and in eighteen languages. Civil Rights History Segregation happened throughout the US history. The peak of segregation is the 1800s and the 1900s. There are many important events happening during segregation; for example, 13th Amendment, Plessy v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of Education, and etc.
One key event is the Dred Scott v. Sanford in 1857; the US Supreme Court resolution had voided the citizenship and basic rights of blacks – slave or free; this case was a major precursor to the Civil War. In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln passed the “Emancipation Proclamation”, it proclaimed African- Americans’ freedom for slavery.
The 13th Amendment (passed in 1865) abolished slavery from the United State; in 1968, the 14th Amendment passed guaranteeing all citizens the equal protection of rights. Then by 1870, the 15th Amendment was passed, it guaranteed all citizens the right to vote. Colorado was the first state granted women the right to vote in 1893; later, in 1920, the 19th Amendment granted all women the right to vote.
A case called Plessy v. Ferguson, the US Supreme Court “separate but equal” conclusion on the case Plessy v. Ferguson had allowed racial segregations. During 1954-1955, the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas I and Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas II had abolished racial segregation in public schools. Also in 1954-1955, the Montgomery Bus Boycott ended segregation on Montgomery public buses. The US Supreme Court’s result on Baily v. Patterson declared that segregation is unconstitutional. In 1967, US Supreme Court’s resolution on Loving v. Virginia acknowledged laws prohibiting inter-racial marriage, unconstitutional. During this time, the Civil Right Movement also occurred, 1955-1968.
During the Civil Rights, segregation happened throughout the US and US history. There were numerous Amendments passed, various cases, and many important events leading to the United States today. Amendments passed giving and guaranteed rights to blacks and women. There were some cases that abolished segregation and other approved racial-segregation. There were key events that shaped today’s United States. Though the peak of segregation already ended but there are still many that still believe in segregation. Famous Person A famous person during the segregation period is Martin Luther King Jr. He is born in January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. King is the middle child Michael King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. Martin Jr. had an older sister, Willie Christine, and a younger brother, Alfred Daniel Williams King. At age 5, Martin entered public school. In May 1941, Martin's grandmother, Jennie, died of a heart attack; Martin was 12 years old. Because of this news, Martin jumped from the second story window at the family home; there are no proofs of this suicide. Later, Martin Luther King Jr. attended Booker T. Washington High School. Martin skipped both ninth and eleventh, and then attended Morehouse College at age 15, in 1944. Martin questioned religion overall and felt awkward with the exaggeratedly emotion of religion, though his family is sincerely involved with church and worshipping.
By 1948, Martin Luther King Jr. earned his sociology degree from Morehouse College. Later, he attended Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania. Martin flourished in all of his studies; by 1951, he had the highest academics in his class, and in addition he earned a fellowship for graduate studies. Martin later had been accepted in several colleges including Yale and Edinburgh in Scotland for his doctoral study. Marin enrolled in Boston University. When working on his doctorate, Martin met Coretta Scott, who is a singer and musician, at the New England Conservatory School in Boston. By June 1953, they married and had four children, Yolanda, Martin Luther King III, Dexter Scott and Bernice. While still working on his study, he became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church of Montgomery, Alabama in 1954. Martin Luther King completed Ph.D. and had received his degree in 1955, he was only 25.
One of Martin Luther King Jr.’s accomplishment is Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955 was, the boycott lasted 386 days, and later Martin’s house was bombed because of the tensed situation. During this campaign, Martin was arrested, which ended with a United States District Court ruling in Browder v. Gayle, this ended segregation on all Montgomery buses. Dr. King was rewarded with at least 50 honorary degrees from colleges and universities in the United States and somewhere else too. He won the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize, and in 1965 Dr. King awarded the American Liberties Medallion by the American Jewish Committee. The Planned Parenthood Federation of America awarded King the Margaret Sanger Award in 1966. Then in 1968, he was awarded the Marcus Garvey Prize for the Human Rights by Jamaica. Martin Luther King Jr. was later awarded with many other awards. In the US there are more than 730 cities named after him. Perspective The state of one's ideas, the facts known to one, etc., in having meaningful interrelationship. To Kill a Mockingbird is told in Jean Louise Finch or Scout Finch (nickname). This perspective affect the story by having s different POV from others and Scout’s POV would be easily swayed. She follows the other’s POV some times. Point of View First person point of view is told from the perspective of the author, it uses: I, we, us, me, our, etc. Third person omniscient is a god-like figure; the author knows everyone’s actions, thoughts, and feelings of all of the characters. Third person objective, the author only knows what someone there watching or listening knows. Third person limited, the author only knows about one character; the author is limited on one character. To Kill a Mockingbird is told in first person because in this story it is told in the author’s point of view, it uses: I, we, us, me, our, etc. Conflict Conflict Continue Ø Man vs. Self:
o Scout (Jean Louise Finch) vs. Self- Scout struggle within herself of a decision and emotions
o What is Man vs. Self
§ A character struggling within themselves
§ A conflict that takes places in the characters’ mind (i.e., a choice (right or
wrong), emotions, etc.)
Ø Man vs. Society:
o Tom Robinson vs. White Society- Tom Robinson experience racism at court from the jury and white society
o What is Man vs. Society
§ The character(s) struggles against a society
§ Character(s) fight against traditions or rules
§ A struggle between the character(s) and the laws or beliefs of another
group Types of Characters Ø Protagonist
o Atticus, Scout, and Jem
o What is Protagonist
§ The main character of the story
§ Central of action
§ Moves against the antagonist
§ “Good Guy” or “Hero”
o Bob Ewell, Maycomb society, Mrs. Caroline and Mrs. Dubose
o What is Antagonist§ Creates problems or opposes the protagonist
§ “Bad Guy” or “Villain”
Ø Flat Character
o Mrs. Caroline, Little Chuck Little, Mr. Conner, Mr. Nathan, and Burris Ewell
o What is Flat Character
§ Reader sees one side of the character(s)
§ Usually minor characters and shows one or two characteristics or traits
§ Might be a contrast of the major characters Types of Character Continue Ø Round Character
o Atticus, Scout, Jem, Dill, Aunt Alexandra, Mrs. Maudie, and Arthur (Boo)
o What is Round Character
§ Have numerous characteristics or traits
§ Character(s) can develop and change throughout the story
§ Readers can see more than one side of the character(s)
Ø Dynamic Character
o Atticus, Scout, Jem, Dill, Arthur (Boo) Radley, Mayella Ewell and Mrs. Maudie
o What is Dynamic Character
§ Character(s) who change and develop throughout the story
§ Are not only round character(s)
Ø Static Character
o Miss Caroline, Burris Ewell, Bob Ewell, and Little Chuck Little
o What is Static Character
§ Are character(s) that are one dimensional
§ Stay the same throughout the story
§ Readers learned little about the character(s)
§ Can be flat character(s) Foreshadowing Ø Definition: to show or indicate beforehand; prefigure
o Examples in To Kill a Mockingbird:
§ “…he (Jem) called back: “Atticus is a gentleman, just like me!” ” (pg.99)
• This tells the readers that later Jem would become a gentleman like Atticus by telling the reader what Jem wanted to be.
§ “…and told him he’d get him if it took the rest of his life…Mr. Ewell approached him, cursed him, spat on him, and threatened to kill him.” (pg.217)
• Mr. Ewell would or might revenge Atticus by telling the readers in the text that Mr. Ewell “threatened” to kill Atticus and that “he’d get him if it took the rest of his life.”
Ø Man vs. Man:
o Tom Robinson vs. Bob Ewell- Bob Ewell accused Tom Robinson that he took advantage of his daughter, Mayella Ewell.
o What is Man vs. Man
§ A character having conflict or problem with another
§ Protagonist vs. Antagonist
§ A classic situation “good guy” vs. “bad guy”
Ø Man vs. Nature:
o Tim Johnson vs. Nature (Rabies)- Because of Nature (Rabies), Tim Johnsonbecame a mad dog
o What is Man vs. Nature
§ A character fights the force of nature (i.e., natural disaster, animals,
§ A struggle against a character and nature
§ The conflict between a character and the element of the natural world Ø Definition: a transition in a novel, film, etc., to an earlier scene or event
o Example in To Kill a Mockingbird:
§ “When enough years had gone by enable us to look back on them, we sometimes discussed the events leading to his accident.” (pg.3)
• The purpose of this flashback is to tell the readers how the accident happened and the events that would or might follow Flashback Theme Ø Definition: a unifying or dominant idea, motif, etc., as in a work of art
Ø Three underlying themes in the book:
§ In To Kill a Mockingbird, people were prejudice of Atticus because Atticus was a black men’s attorney, Tom Robinson. Some people called
Atticus “nigger lover”, such as Mrs. Dubose and Frances (pg.108). To Kill
a Mockingbird is a book about racisms and because of prejudice
o Growing Up/ Maturity
§ Throughout the book, To Kill a Mockingbird, Jem and Scout grew up and became mature. When they grew up and became matured, Jem and Scout
became aware of the hatred, violence, and prejudice, which they cannot
understand. An example would be
§ Throughout To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus, Jem, and Scout expressed courage Ø Three symbols in To Kill a Mockingbird :
o Tim Johnson (pg.93-95)
§ This is a symbol because it was unusual for a mad dog to appear in February. This symbolizes there might be something unusual happening later.
o Mockingbird (pg.276)
§ This is a symbol because it is a “sin” to kill mockingbirds. This symbolizes that there are many thing that would be a “sin” to do.
o Arthur Radley AKA Boo Radley (pg.281)
§ This is a symbol because he wasn’t known in person by Jem and Scout and that Arthur AKA Boo taught a lesson to Jem and Scout. Arthur AKA
Boo symbolizes “don’t judge the book by its cover”. Symbolism Ø Definition: hatred or intolerance of another race or other race
Ø Two events that happened showing racism in To Kill a Mockingbird
o During the court, the jury and the people of Maycomb showed racism to Tom Robinson; they found him “guilty” because of his race.
o Because of Atticus defending Tom Robinson in court, Atticus was called “nigger lover” by others; this expressed racism of Tom Robinson. Racism Prejudice Ø Definition: an unfavorable opinion or feeling beforehand or without knowledge, thought,
Ø Two events that happened showing prejudice in To Kill a Mockingbird:
o An example would be prejudice against Arthur (Boo) Radley; many others were naïve; they became prejudice of Arthur (Boo) Radley.
o Another example would be prejudice against Tom Robinson; because of prejudice and racism, Tom was found “guilty” because of the jury’s and Maycomb’s
prejudice. Ø Racism is the “hatred or intolerance of another race or other race. Prejudice is “an unfavorable opinion or feeling beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason”. The difference is that racism is the hatred of other race but prejudice is an opinion beforehand or without reasons. Difference Between Racism and Prejudice Chapter One:
•Assuage: to soothe, calm, or mollify
•Piety: a pious act, remark, or belief
•Dictum: a saying
•Taciturn: dour, stern, and silent in expression and manner
•Peculiarities: a trait, manner, characteristic, or habit that is odd or unusual
•Smilax: a fragile, much branched liliaceous vine of southern
•Africa Entailment: Something involved as a necessary part or consequence of something
•Diminutive: small; tiny; little
•Monosyllabic: very brief, tense or blunt
•Misdemeanor: an instance of misbehavior; misdeed
•Auspicious: promising success
•Scuppernongs: a large yellowish green plum flavored grape
•Benevolence: kindness, generosity
•Hitherto: up to this time
•Communion: a body of Christians having a common faith and discipline
•Commotion: political or social disturbance or upheaval; sedition; insurrection
•Dismemberment: to divide into parts; cut to pieces; mutilate
•Permanence: state or quality of being permanent
•Formidable: causing fear, apprehension, or dread
•Morphodite: shortened version of hermaphrodite
•Negligee: carelessly informal clothes
•Stifle: to suffer from difficulty in breathing, as in a close atmosphere
•Linotype: a typesetting machine, operated by a keyboard that casts an entire line on solid slug of metal
•Gala: festive; festal; showy
•Affluent: having an abundance of wealth, property, or other material goods; prosperous; rich
•Veranda: a large open porch, usually roofed and partly enclosed, as by a railing, often extending across the front and sides of a house; gallery
•Amiably: having or showing pleasant, good-natured personal qualities; affable
•Congenital: having by nature a specified character
•Ambidextrous: unusually skillful; facile
•Geranium: a grayish white hard element used especially as a semiconductor
•Chiffarobe: a piece of furniture having both drawers and space for hanging clothes
•Pilgrimage: a journey, especially a long one, made to some sacred place as an act of religious devotion Vocabulary Chapters 1-6 Vocabulary Chapters 7-12 Chapter Seven:
•Ascertaining: to make certain, clear, or definitely known
•Meditative: give to, characterized by, or indicative of meditation; contemplative
•Athomable: not able to be measured with a sounding line or fathomed
•Touchous: touchy, overly sensitive
•Treble: a high or shrill voice or sensitive
•Gastric: pertaining to the stomach
•Catwalk: a narrow pathway over the stage of a theater, along a bridge, etc.
•Obstreperous: resisting control or restraint in a difficult manner; unruly
•Vehemently: strongly emotional; intense or passionate
•Jubilantly: showing great joy satisfaction or triumph; rejoicing; exultant
•Apoplectic: overcome with anger; extremely indignant
•Sequins: a small shining disk or spangle used for ornamentation as in women's clothing and accessories or on theatrical costumes
•Rectitude: rightness of principle or conduct; moral virtue
•Habiliments: clothes worn in a particular profession, way of life, etc.
•Contemptuously: showing or feeling contempt; disdainful Vocabulary Chapters 13-18 Two Video Links To Kill a Mockingbird Trailer:
Video about segregation times: Rachel Yang Rachel Yang Rachel Yang Rachel Yang Rachel Yang Rachel Yang Rachel Yang Rachel Yang Rachel Yang Rachel Yang Rachel Yang Rachel Yang Rachel Yang Rachel Yang Rachel Yang Rachel Yang Reaghan Reaghan Reaghan Reaghan Jean Louise Finch AKA Scout Finch, Jeremy Atticus Finch AKA Jem Finch, and Atticus Finch, lived in Maycomb County, Alabama. Scout’s and Jem’s mother died when Scout was two and so Scout didn’t remember her well but Jem did. Scout started her first day of school; her teacher was Miss Caroline Fisher, who is from Winston County, in North Alabama. Miss Caroline didn’t want Scout reading and writing in advance because this would interfere with her job. Because of Miss Caroline’s ignorance of Maycomb ways, she caused numerous conflicts. During school, Scout also learned about the Ewells from Burris Ewell; the Ewells only went to school for the first day and are marked absent for the rest. Later, Atticus taught Scout an important lesson: “obey the law, in certain circumstances…allow certain privileges”. When Scout and Jem were walking home they found a tree with a knot-hole that was in front of the Radley’s, and had mysterious things inside a knot-hole; later Scout and Jem realized these things were for them. Later, Jem and Dill relationship grew closer which later caused Scout being left out of their games. Afterward when the tire accident happened, in the Radley’s yard, Scout heard someone laughing. Later on, when being left out of Jem’s and Dill’s games, Scout began talking and made friends with Miss Maudie Atkinson. Miss Maudie was a widow that hated her house; but she loved everything that grew in god’s earth. When Miss Maudie was talking about the foot-washing Baptist, she described their ways as “…sometimes the Bible in the hand of one man is worse than a whiskey bottle in the hand of [another]. Chapter Summary 1-5 Chapter Summary 6-10 Famous Person of this Time Period: Rosa Parks In the years of 1955- 1968, segregation was a huge controversy in the United States. During this time, many people had different opinions of the mixing of blacks and whites in society. Many African Americans are known for standing up for their liberties against racism; Rosa Parks is a very famous woman because of her actions.
On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, an African American woman, refused to give up her seat to a white man while on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. Because of her refusal, she was arrested due to breaking the laws of segregation. This was the start of the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the beginning of the modern Civil Rights Movement.
Mrs. Parks is known for her bravery and courage. She is a huge inspiration of the black community for standing up for her rights. Without Rosa Park's actions, integration might not have been a possibility of today's time. Even though I am the opposite race, I strongly admire Mrs. Parks for her actions. She did what she believed was right, and she also didn't let people tell her what to do. If I'm admired by her this much, I can only imagine the admiration that other African Americans have towards her. Reaghan Even though the time period of the Civil Rights Movement was between the years of 1956-1971, equality has always been an issue between African Americans and the whites; although as time has progressed, Americans have developed laws and ways to help establish equality.
The earliest acts of equality go back to the year of 1777 on July 2 when Vermont was the first American state to abolish slavery. Through the 1800’s, America went through many events and controversies involving slavery; such as the Missouri Compromise in 1822, the Civil War in 1861, the passing of the thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendment, the Civil Rights Act in 1875, and the US
Supreme Court declaring that the Civil Rights Act was unconstitutional in 1883.
Throughout the Civil Rights Movement time period, many events led to the laws of equality between the whites and blacks. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, an African American woman, refused to give her seat up to a white man on a Montgomery city bus. She was arrested for breaking the laws of segregation and not doing what she was told. These actions started the Montgomery Bus
Boycott which was led by Martin Luther King Jr.
As you may know, Martin Luther King Jr. was a main part of the Civil Rights Movement. He is most famous for delivering his “I have a Dream” speech on August 28, 1963. This speech was given on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial to the people declaring racial equality and to stop discrimination. It was originally entitled “Normalcy, Never Again” and first given in Detroit in June of 1963.
I admire the many African American men and women who stood up for what they believed was right. They kept persevering even when death was their only punishment for stupid crimes. Overtime, they have set a tone for what the world should be like which is equal. No one should be considered higher than Civil Rights History Research Reaghan Scout, Jem, and Dill sneaked into the Radley’s backyard to peek in. The Radley’s backyard when Jem peeked inside, he saw someone inside. When Jem, Dill, and Scout tried to get out, Jem’s pants got stuck and he had to leave his pants. Later, Jem and Scout looked into their knot-hole of a tree on the Radley’s yard; the knot-hole was filled up with cement by Mr. Nathan. Jem and Scout were upset. Afterward, Scout used the important advice Atticus gave her: “I tried to climb into Jem’s skin and walk around in it”. Later, Miss Maudie’s house was burned down; during the fire, Arthur AKA Boo Radley “joined” the community. Scout later had an issue of controlling her temper, she kept fighting others. Then, Scout stopped for a few days; she later started another fight because her cousin, Francis, he called Atticus “nigger lover”. Because of the fight, Scout’s uncle, Uncle Jack, was given his first lesson about children by Scout: “listen to both sides of the stories”. Atticus and Uncle Jack’s conversation was overheard by Scout; she heard, “I hope and pray I can get Scout through it without bitterness, and most of all, without catching Maycomb’s usual disease”. Both Jem and Scout thought their father, Atticus, could do nothing. Then, there was a mad dog, Tom Robinson, was later shot by Atticus, who was also known as “one-shot Finch”. Jem and Scout were both amazed and admired by Atticus’s hidden identity. Atticus refused to use his talent because he thought “God had given him an unfair advantage over most living things”. Rachel Yang Rachel Yang Chapter Summary 11-15 Rachel Yang Jem and Scout both hated Mrs. Dubose. One day, Mrs. Dubose made Jem mad; this caused Jem to ruin her flowers. Jem’s punishment was to read to Mrs. Dubose for a month; but then after a month when Jem was free, Mrs. Dubose died. Her death taught Jem and Scout an important lesson; Atticus said, “…she died. During this chapter Atticus defending Tom Robinson was disagreed by the whole community, but it was important to Atticus to defend Tom Robinson. Both Jem and Scout went to Calpurnia’s church, but the church was for black folks so some people for example, Lula, didn’t like white children to come to their church. After going to the church, Jem and Scout found out Cal’s age. When they got back to the house, they saw Aunt Alexandra sitting in front of their house. Later, Jem and Scout found out Aunt Alexandra came to live with them; Aunt Alexandra purposes were to stay with Jem and Scout and also take care of Atticus’s household. Later under Scout’s bed, she found Dill. Dill told Scout that he believed that no one in his family needed and wanted him, and so he came to the Finch’s. Afterwards, Aunt Alex wanted Atticus to get rid of Calpurnia. Later, Scout’s perspective of Boo changed. That night, Atticus was by the jail when the mobs came. They wanted to hang Tom Robinson, that’s when Scout stepped up. Scout made sense out of them so they left 1. “You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view — until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.” --Atticus (pg. 30)
2. “You just hold your head high and keep those fists down. No matter what anyone says to you, don’t let ‘em get your goat. Try fighting with your head for a change…it’s a good one, even if it does resist learning.”--Atticus (pg. 76)
3. “Remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.” That was the only time I ever heard Atticus say it was a sin to do something, and I asked Miss Maudie about it.
“Your father’s right,” she said. “Mockingbirds don’t do one thing but make music for us to enjoy . . . but sing their hearts out for us. That’s why it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.” – Miss Maudie (pg. 90)
Ø The third quote is the most meaningful quote in the text. This is because the mockingbird symbolizes sin. In To Kill a Mockingbird, racism, segregation, and prejudice are shown in the book. The mockingbird in the book is symbolizing that it is a sin to be racist, segregate, and prejudice. Three Quotes Rachel Yang Imagery is a description that is so clear that you can visualize a mental picture by using your senses. One example from To Kill A Mockingbird is, "The Radley place jutted into a sharp curve beyond our house. Walking south, one faced its porch; the sidewalk turned and ran beside the lot. The house was low, was once white with a deep front porch and green shutters, but had long ago darkened to the color of the slate-grey yard around it. Rain rotted shingles drooped over the eaves of the veranda; oak trees kept the sun away. The remains of a picket drunkenly guarded the front yard-a ‘swept’ yard that was never swept-where Johnson grass and rabbit-tobacco grew in abundance". This paragraph paints a clear picture in your mind of what the Radley house used to look like before it became ran down. I believe the author used this example of imagery to contrast how the Radley house used to look to how it looks now.
Another example of imagery is, "He was the filthiest human I had ever seen. His neck was dark gray, the backs of his hands were rusty, and his fingernails were black deep into the quick”. Harper Lee used this example of imagery to show you how filthy and disgusting Burris Ewell was.
The third example of imagery from To Kill A Mockingbird is, “An oppressive odor met us when we crossed the threshold, an odor I had met many times in rain-rotted gray houses where there are coil-oil lamps, water dippers, and unbleached domestic sheets". This final example of imagery was used to describe Mrs. Dubose’s house as Jem and Scout walked in to read to her as their punishment. Imagery Reaghan Plot Diagram Tom Robinson is found guilty even though Atticus found out that Mayella was lying Characters: Jem, Scout, Atticus, Dill, Calpurnia
Setting: Maycomb Exposition Rising Action:
Scout, Jem, and Dill’s summer adventures with Boo Radley Atticus defending Tom Robinson. Climax Falling Action:
Tom Robinson gets shot trying to escape from prison Bob Ewell threatens Atticus and other people related to the trial Bob Ewell attack Jem and Scout on their way home, but Boo Radley saves them and winds up killing Ewell. Boo Radley becomes more of a human being to Scout, and she realizes that the assumptions she made of him was not the right thing to do. Resolution Racism is Around Me Everywhere
By: Francis Duggan
“Some people carry their honour in a flag
And of their Nationality they brag
They feel superior and they differentiate
And against those who are different they discriminate.
So many people still judged by their race
For such there never ought to be a place
'A fair go' those untruthful words I do recall
There is no such a thing as a 'fair go for all'.”
I chose this poem because it depicts the segregation that was happening during the same time period as To Kill a Mockingbird. Like the poem states, during that time there was no such thing as a “fair go for all”. This shows how much of a struggle it was for primarily African Americans to go through everyday life. Poem Bibliography "Biography." Martin Luther King Jr. -.N.p.,n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2013.
"Brown v. Board at Fifty: “With an Even Hand”A Century of Racial Segregation,
1849-1950." A Century of Racial Segregation 1849â1950. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2013.
"Civil Rights Leaders." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2013.
"Civil Rights: Timeline of Events." Findlaw. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2013.
"Harper Lee Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 17 Apr.
"Harper Lee." Harper Lee. Soylent Communications, n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2013.
"Martin Luther King Jr. Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web.
18 Apr. 2013.
"Notable Achievements of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr." WNDU RSS. N.p., n.d. Web.
18 Apr. 2013.
"Segregation In The 1800's." Segregation In The 1800's. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr.
"The Big Read." The Big Read. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2013. Reaghan Reaghan Rachel Yang Dialect Dialect Figurative Language Figurative Language Characterization Cultural Point of View Overall Response to Novel Three Websites QAR Questions Chapter Summary 16-20 Chapter Summary 21-25 Chapter Summary 26-31 Reaghan Reaghan Reaghan Christine Christine Christine Christine Christine Christine Christine The trial begins. The children have to sit in the colored balcony because of seat availability. During Bob and Mayella Ewell’s testimonies, Atticus concludes that they are lying. After approaching Mayella about her lying, Mayella confessed that, in fact, Tom Robinson did not beat her but her father did. The people of the courtroom waited hours and hours for a verdict. After waiting until after eleven o’clock at night, the jury convicts Tom Robinson of being guilty even though he is clearly innocent. The next day Maycomb’s black community delivers tons of food the Finch household. Jem has decided that his thoughts of the town have totally changed. He used to think that Maycomb had the best people but after watching the trial he wasn’t so sure.
After the trial had ended, Bob Ewell swore revenge on Atticus and any person related to the trial. His threats were worrisome to everyone except Atticus. One day in August, Aunt Alexandra invites her missionary circle over for tea and Scout had to attend and wear a dress. Soon, Atticus reveals to Aunt Alexandra, Scout, and Calpurnia that Tom Robinson was shot seventeen times while trying to escape from prison. School starts again and Bob Ewell is making and carrying out with more threats. For example, he breaks into Judge Taylor’s house, stalks Mrs. Robinson, etc. At Halloween, the town sponsors a play and party for the children. Aunt Alexandra and Atticus are too tired to attend the festivities so Jem has to take Scout. On their way home, Bob Ewell attacks them but to their surprise Boo Radley saves them by stabbing Ewell. TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD by: Rachel, Christine, and Reaghan Problem Solution Reaghan 1. Problem: Miss Caroline scolded Scout for knowing how to read
Solution: Atticus told Scout not to worry about it and they kept reading
2. Problem: Dill didn’t like his step father
Solution: He ran away to Maycomb
3. Problem: A black man, Tom Robinson, is accused of raping Mayella Ewell
Solution: Atticus must defend him
4. Problem: Even though Mayella confessed that her father beat her and Tom did not rape her, the jury still convicted Tom as guilty because of his race
Solution: Scout and Jem were shocked at how cruel the world can be
and it opened their eyes.
5. Problem: Bob Ewell attacks Scout and Jem
Solution: Boo Radley saves them by stabbing Bob Ewell The order of the problems and solutions keep the plot moving because the book starts off showing minor issues with segregation but then increases into the major problems such as Tom Robinson’s case. If you look at the list backwards, as you go up you see that the problem before is the reason for the next one happening. For example, the reason for Bob Ewell attacking Scout in Jem is because Atticus found out that Mayella was assaulted by Bob instead of Tom Robinson. Scout Finch:
Physical: short brown hair and brown eyes
Personality: She is a young and naïve tomboy; she is testing her elders and following her peers in a lot of ways.
Emotionally: she is very young and immature in most way but she matures greatly in many ways throughout the book learning lessons that can help her life.
Physical:in his 50s with black hair going gray and glasses.
Personality: resposanble, resonable, and brave
Emotionally: apathetic and loving
Physical: skinny teenager who has hair that is unkempt
Personaly: determined and courgaeous
Emotionaly: inteligant and imaginative.
16-20 Right there. How old is Mayella?
21-25 think search and find. Who won the case?
The Ewell family won the case against Tom Robinson.
21-25 Author and me. What was the biggest influence on the case against Tom Robinson?
His skin color.
26-31 Why were jem and scout one of the last people to leave?
They were embarrassed about scout messing up at the play.
26-31what was scouts part in the pagent?
A ham Websites:
3. http://www.historyorb.com/events/date/1931 I think this book has many views, I think the overall view in this book is learning to see yourself in someone else’s view. I think this is the most important lesson because it can be used in many different ways. I think it helps explain the book because it teaches you that no matter whom it is they have feelings. It also explains the kind of family the Finch family is because they care about not hurting anyone. This is in a lot of different parts of the book and is used to explain it in a deeper way. Dialect is a particular form of a language that is peculiar to a specific region or social group. Some examples are: 1. “Your father’s no better than the niggers and trash he works for!” this is an example of dialect because if it said “ your father is no better than Affrican American people and such.” It wouldn’t have the same affect and would come out of the time period. 2. Another example of dialect is “You ain’t got no business bringin’ white chillun here- they got their church and we got our’n. It’s our church, ain’t it Miss Cal?” This is an example of dialect because the incorrect English is a part of the time period. 3. One more example of dialect is, “I seen that black nigger younder---“ because if this is changed to current wording it would sound different from the rest of the book. 1. One example of figurative language is personification. Personification is when you give non-living thing person qualities. An example of personification is, “From the day Mr. Radley took Arthur home, people say the house died” because it gives the house the quality of dieing.
2. Another form of figurative language is a similie. A similie is a comparison between two unlike things using like or as. One comparison used in the book is “Soft taffeta-like sounds and muffled scurrying sounds filled me with helpless dread” because it compares different sounds.
3.A metaphor is also a form of figurative language. A metaphor is a comparison between two unlike things NOT using like or as. An example of a metaphor is “Dill’s eyes alive with complicated plans to make Boo Radley emerge;” because it compares Dills eyes and being alive. QAR Questions Continued Christine 1-5: Right There- Who is Atticus Finch
Scout and Jem's father
Right There- Where is Miss Caroline from
North Alabama, Wiston County
6-10: Right There-Did Jem get his pants back?
Think search and find- why did Scout punch Francis?
Because he called Atticus a "nigger lover"
11-15 Right There In Maycomb when grown men stand out side in the yard there are two reasons what are these ttwo reasons?
Death and politics
16-20 think search and find. Why aren’t mixed children wanted?
Because white folks don’t want them cause they are half colored and colored folks don’t want them cause they are half white.
The cultural point of view for this book is about racism. Racism is a big part of our history and this book. Racism has taught our country not to judge by a race but by who they are. In this book Scout learns that 'Boo' Radley isn't what he seems like from the inside of his house. Jem learns about this through the trial of Tom Robinson. He takes the loss of the trial very hard, and he learns that is the reason that Tom lost. He doesn't want to be like the jury and so he learns this lesson very quickly.