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THE SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
Transcript of THE SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
-The structure of businesses changed with the introduction of Proprietorships, partnerships, Corporations, trust, and monopolies
- The major industrial tycoons were John D. Rockefeller ( oil industry), Andrew Carnegie (Steel)
Cornelius Vanderbilt (railroads), and George Pullman (sleeper cars)
-Mass marketing caused retailers to look for new ways to maximize their profits.
Household goods were targeted toward women, who made most of those purchasing decisions.Department stores were invented. Along with mail ordered companies that advertised and sold out of large catalogs. THE RISE OF BIG BUSINESS WORKERS ORGANIZE THE AGE OF INVENTION THIS POLITICAL CARTOON DISPLAYS HOW THE RAILROAD TYCOONS MONOPOLIZED THE RAILROAD INDUSTRY, IT ALSO DISPLAYS THE MISTREATMENT THEY INFLICTED ON THE POOR. POLITICAL CARTOON THIS CARRTOON DISPLAYS THE STRUGGLE
FORMER SLAVES HAD TO ENDURE AFTER
SLAVERY AS FAR AS RECIEVING WAGES. Railroads expand :
By the 1850s, train tracks had already crossed paths over from the northeast reaching into the
southeast and the great lakes. After about 3 decades, rail service spread over miles. The federal
government supported the growth of the railroads by giving thousands of acres of land to the
railroad companies. A Transcontinental railroad:
In 1862 two companies were built to construct rail lines to the west coast, for the next 6 ½ years workers
rushed to complete the first transcontinental railroad. This railroad was to connect and cross through the
whole country. This progress was completed on May 10th, 1869 BOOK SOURCE Effects from the construction of the continental railroad:
-provided many jobs
-a boost to steel and train manufactures
- standard time was introduced EDWIN L. DRAKE BIOGRAPHY Edwin L. Drake born in the year of 1819 and died in the year of 1880 he
was considered the “oilman”, born in Greenville,New York. ending up as a
conductor for the New York & New Haven Railroad from 1850 to 1857. In the late
1850s he bought some stock in George Bissell's Pennsylvania Rock Oil Company, and
in 1857 taking advantage of his conductor's job to travel free he traveled to see the
land near Oil Creek Titusville, Pennsylvania, where surfaceoil was being collected.
Having observed the drilling of artesian wells in New York and Pennsylvania, he shared
Bissell's idea of borrowing from that technology to drill for oil in Titusville. He secured
a lease and began experimenting in 1858; striking oil at 69 feet on August 27, 1859
it was effective to be the first true oil well. He neglected to patent his drilling
invention, a pipe line for the drill hole, and proved to be a poor businessman, losing
all his savings to oil speculation in New York City in 1863. He drifted for several years,
and then moved back to Pennsylvania in 1870. He was very ill when he returned. The
citizens of Titusville collected some money for him and he was voted an annuity by
the state legislature in 1876. RAILROAD POLITICAL CARTOON POLITICAL CARTOON BOOK SOURCE JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER BIOGRAPHY BOOK SOURCE Samuel Gompers BIOGRAPHY BOOK SOURCE THOMAS ALVA EDISON BIOGRAPHY POLITICAL CARTOON THIS POLITICAL CARTOON DISPLAYS HOW THE OIL TYCOONS PRETTY MUCH CONTROLLED EVERY INDUSTRY. This political cartoon displays how the invention of the telegraph lines made communication more efficient. -In the late 1800's, the government allowed businesses to run things on their own without any regulation from the government.But in 1890 the Sherman Antitrust act was passed by congress which pretty much regulated the business control and power.
-Workers had no stabillity. They had low wages , and their jobs were never promised.They also worked in cramped workspaces which were in extremely bad condition called "work shops".
-Workers started to seek change. A group of suffering workers decided to band together and make a change.They were called the American Fedration of Labor. It was founded and led by Samuel Gompers. Samuel Gompers was born in london on january 27th 1850. He
was an American union leader. Gomper was the first president of
the American federation of labor, and also the served the longest
term. The American federation of labor can contribute its entire
movement ,structure. and organization strategies to him. The
AFC won a permanent place in American society while under
Gomper's leadership. The organization grew from a minor
association of 50,000 in 1886, to a major established organizat-
ion of nearly 3 million members in 1924. Samuel Gomper inspired
the mind set that in society known for its individualism a worker
should be no less valued than their employer. He also said no one
should have any less worth just because of their class. Samuel
made a self-confident workers organization dedicated to
the principles of a union of interest and mutual aid. Thomas Edison was born February 11, 1847. He was an American business man and inventor. Edison developed many devices that greatly influenced life as we know it.His inventions include the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the light bulb.Dubbed "The Wizard of Menlo Park" by a newspaper reporter, he was one of the first inventors to apply the principle of mass production he is also a credited for the creation of the first research laboratory. Edison is the fourth most prolific inventor in history, holding 1,093 US patents in his name, as well as many patents in the United Kingdom, France, and Germany. He is credited with numerous inventions that contributed to mass communication and, in particular, telecommunications. These included a stock ticker, a mechanical vote recorder, a battery for an electric car, electrical power, recorded music and motion pictures.
His advanced work in these fields was an outgrowth of his early career as a telegraph operator. Edison developed a system of electric-power generation and distribution to homes, businesses, and factories – a crucial development in the modern industrialized world. His first power station was on Pearl Street in Manhattan, New York .Thomas Alva Edison died on October 18, 1931 -In the late 1800's, people in larger cities became tired of walking everywhere. As a result, mass transit was invented. This included street cars, and eventually led to what we use now a days like subways, airplanes, and automobiles.
-The telegraph was what pretty much industrialized communication as we know it today. This invention led to the telephone and to the type writter.
-Thomas Edisons many inventions helped shape the modern world as we know it. John Davison Rockefeller was born on July 8, 1839. He was an American industrialist and philanthropist. He was the founder of the Standard Oil Company, which dominated the oil industry and was the first great U.S. business trust. Rockefeller revolutionized the petroleum industry and defined the structure of modern philanthropy. In 1870, he founded the Standard Oil Company and aggressively ran it until he officially retired in 1897. Rockefeller's wealth soared, and he became the world's richest man and the first American worth more than a billion dollars.His foundations pioneered the development of medical research, and were instrumental in the eradication of hookworm and yellow fever. He is also the founder of both the University of Chicago and Rockefeller University. He was a devoted Northern Baptist and supported many church-based institutions throughout his life. Rockefeller adhered to total abstinence from alcohol and tobacco throughout his life. He died on May 23, 1937. GROUP ONE Aliya McCants
Javon Thomas U.S History 1A