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English Literature PT: Drama Through the Ages

The Renaissance: Elizabethan and Jacobean Drama(1576-1660) - The Spanish Tragedy (Thomas Kyd)

Seeu Si Ong

on 4 April 2011

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Transcript of English Literature PT: Drama Through the Ages

The Renaissance: Elizabethan and Jacobean Drama (1576 - 1660) Elizabethan Drama Plays produced when Queen Elizabeth reigned England (1558-1603) Golden Age of English Drama
Also known as Age of Shakespeare
Many plays written in verse Particularly in IAMBIC PENTAMETER - Do you remember what THAT is? DA-dum DA-dum DA-dum DA-dum DA-dum People attended such "verse" plays in HUGE NUMBERS
Openings of Large Playhouses during that period
Increased PATRONAGE OF DRAMA! Popular types of plays during this era Histories of English rulers
Sexual innuendos and sexual situations (raised eyebrows) FAMOUS DRAMATISTS William Shakespeare (applause)
Christopher Marlowe (Dr. Faustus)
Ben Johnson (The Alchemist)
Thomas Kyd ** General Facts: Elizabethan ERA Religious themes Secular Issues Tragedies: Created scene of terror and pity within the audience Hamlet, Othello and Duchess of Malfi Comedy in theatre - Ben Johnson liked to poke fun at society :D Jacobean Drama General Information Produced during the reign of King James I of England (1603-1625) Any DIFFERENCE? Focused on the COURT and LONDON Larger roles for female characters, often as SHREWD SCHEMERS More wicked or incompetent rulers as characters Loss of NATIONAL SPIRIT AND PATRONAGE Plot CREATORS, not BORROWERS Roles of Team Members Presenters:


Quiz Designers: Koh Qi Qian, Rachel
Rukmini Roy Tag Wan Yi
Yip Si Yuan, Donna Low Tian Ling
Ong Seeu Si Tones of DRAMA Gloom
POOR Characterisation The Spanish Tragedy
By Thomas Kyde Established NEW GENRE in English Drama

Used subtle, varied and even shocking dramaturgical devices

Used 'action-packed' language which was well-suited for the murderous and vengence-filled play

Received much popularity from the English public REVENGE TRAGEDY 'Most SUCCESSFUL dramatic work of Elizabethan theatre, EVEN BETTER than Shakespeare!' - Felix Carre, French Scholar Very first mordern revenge tragedy

So successful that MANY allusions to it abbounded from Ben Jonson, Thomas Tomkis and even T.S.Eliot

Work printed in more than 10 editions until King Charles I reign in England

More than twice than of Shakespeare's work during that time Bibliography Websites:
Chambers, E. K. The Elizabethan Stage. 4 Volumes, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1923; Vol. 3, p. 396.
Kyd, Thomas. The Spanish Tragedy. Philip Edwards, ed. The Revels Plays; Methuen & Co., 1959; reprinted Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1986; pp. xxi-xxvii.
Baker, Howard. "Ghosts and Guides: Kyd's 'Spanish Tragedy' and the Medieval Tragedy." Modern Philology 33.1 (1935): p. 27
Kyd, Thomas. The Spanish Tragedy. J.R. Mulryne, ed. London: A&C Black, 1989.
McMillin, Scott. "The Book of Seneca in The Spanish Tragedy." Studies in English Literature 14.2 (1974): p. 206
Eliot, T. S. The Waste Land, line 431: "Why then Ile fit you. Hieronymo's mad againe."
(Justice, Steven. Spain, Tragedy, and The Spanish Tragedy. Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900, Vol. 25, No. 2, Elizabethan and Jacobean Drama (Spring, 1985), pp. 271-288. Published by: Rice University. 1 April 2009.)
(Smith, Molly. "The Theater and the Scffold: Death as Pectable in The Spanish Tragedy". Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900, Vol. 32, No. 2, Elizabethan and Jacobean Drama (Spring, 1992), pp. 217-232. Rice University) QUIZ TIME! Question 1: Elizabethan Drama was produced when ______. a) King Elizabeth ruled England.
b) Queen Elizabeth ruled England.
c) Princess Elizabeth was born. The Age of __________ Question 2: What was the Elizabethan Era also known as in Drama? Question 3: Give two examples of famous dramatists during the Elizabethan / Jacobean Era. Question 4: Give one difference between the characters in Elizabethan Drama and that of those in Jacobean Drama. Question 5: What did Jacobean dramatists do poorly in? Poetry and ________________. Question 6: The Spanish Tragedy intorduced the new genre of _______. a) Revenge Tragedy
b) Histories of English Rulers
c) Court Issues and London Life Question 7: Which play was publicily thought to be even better than Shakespeare's in Elizabethan Theatre? a) Othello
b) The Spanish Tragedy
c) The Jew of Malta What INFLUENCED The Spanish Tragedy? Lucius Annaeus Seneca Writes a different, introspective kind of drama
Strong influence on Europe and England
Fascination of Stoic Values
His tragedies affected Racine, Corneille, Shakespeare and Webster
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