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THE NORTH

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by

ivana buffa

on 3 February 2016

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Transcript of THE NORTH

THE NORTH
contains some of the wildest and loneliest parts in the country
and some of the busiest industrial centres
The Ice Age formed
many deep valleys in the counties of Cumbria and North Yorkshire
and many lakes in higher lands as well as hills & mountains
Beneath the earth is coal -the foundation of the region’s industry.
not so much populated

counties
counties
The
Pennines
The Cumbrian Mts= LAKE DISTRICT
The Pennines
highlands: wet and cool
eastern side: drier
deep valleys, sharp peaks and ridges (a long area of highland, especially at the top of the mountain-cumbre)
THE LAKE DISTRICT
THE LAKE DISTRICT
Every valley contains one or more lakes
THE LAKE DISTRICT
THE LAKE DISTRICT
LANCASHIRE & CHESHIRE PLAINS
England NW
the plains
the Solway firth= estuary
the Humber estuary
the Solway firth- west
-Economic Activities
cereal farming
oats
fishing industry-Northumbria
-THE GROWTH of the FISHING INDUSTRY
-By 1850 the building of iron steamships (barco a vapor) became a major industry on the rivers Tyne, Wear and Tees.
-One hundred years ago a quarter of the world’s ships were built in Northumbria.
-Today this industry is disappearing.
the industrial revolution 19th C
nowadays
electrical engineering
plastic industry
fine chemicals
North Sea oil & gas
sheep rearing
cattle rearing (beef cattle & for milk)
dairying: the manufacturing of milk products & all the products derived from the cattle
dairy cattle: cattle that are kept to produce milk rather than for meat
mixed farming: (production of wheat, barley, sugar beet, potatoes and cattle rearing)
coal mining- most important activity
reserves of coal are used to operate electric power stations (central de energía eléctrica)
iron & steel production
heavy engineering
ship building
woolen (lana) industry-Yorkshire
cotton (algodón) industry-Lancashire
chemical industry
end products are fibres, plastics, acids and fertilizers
the Lake District
important cities
Kingston-Upon-Hull (on the Humber)
-outlet for the production of coalfields, woolen products, steel & engineering
-important port for fishing
Newcastle Upon Tyne
Clifford's Tower
river Ouse
Minster- York
Leeds
Carlisle
RAW MATERIALS for HEAVY INDUSTRIES & SHIP BUILDING - important info!!
Humber estuary
heavy engineering
CLIMATE
RELIEF
dales = valleys
finest sceneries in the British Isles
an area of flat land
in the WEST
in the EAST
coastline:
the
NORTH
1- RURAL
2. INDUSTRIAL
INDUSTRIAL
RURAL
heavy industry
railway engineering
bridge building
industrial machinery
iron & steel production
wool in Yorkshire
cotton in Lancashire
post-industrial recession
many of the traditional heavy industries are disappearing
1980s unemployment marches
new technological industries
map - coalfields
TOURISM
the centre of heavy engineering industry (shipbuilding)
Gothic Cathedral

Roman remains
university
clothing & leather industry
THE BRONTË SISTERS
Charlotte-Emily-Anne
ghost of the three sisters haunted the place
heavy industry: the production of heavy products (aircraft, shipbuilding, automobile industry, etc)
historic landmark- control the commerce as a customs office- to protect people from Barbarian invasions
Northumberland
Durham
Yorkshire / the moors: a wild open area of high land covered with grass & low bushes
Full transcript