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Transcript of Rufino Tamayo
Michael Kincaid and Natalie Whise
Born: August 26 1899 in Oaxaca
Death: June 24 1991in Mexico City
Tamayo's mother died in 1907 and father died by 1911, so he moved in with his aunt Amelia in Mexico City.
Parents: Florentina Tamayo and
Manuel Arellanes Tamayo
Tamayo left the San Carlos Academy of Fine Arts after a year and spent the next three years teaching himself.
In 1921 he was appointed the head designer of the department of ethnographic drawings in the National Museum of Archeology in Mexico City, where he was surrounded by pre-Columbian objects.
The United States
After visiting New York in 1926 with Carlos Chavez for two years, he returned to Mexico. He then went back to New York eight years later
and earned an art teaching job at Dalton School in Manhattan.
He stayed in the states during the winters
and returned to Mexico during the summers
In 1917, he entered the San Carlos Academy of Fine Arts
known as "one of the world's most renowned artists"
France named Tamayo Chevalier in 1956 and later earned the title of officier de la Legion d'Honneur, "France's
highest decoration" in 1969
Mexican painter who combined modern European painting styles with Mexican folk themes.
World Recognition Cont.
First enrolled in a regular school, then enrolled into an art school
Married Olga Flores Rivas, an accomplished concert pianist, in 1934
The move to Europe
Because of his desire for escape of the controversies and political differences of his paintings, Tamayo
and Olga moved to Paris in 1949 and stayed there for 10 years
Unable to have kids
Tamayo spent a lot of
time working with his
aunt selling produce at
the market. This is said
to have influenced Tamayo's
various paintings of fruit
as well as his "vivid color
During his job at the Mexican Archaeological Museum,
Tamayo developed an interest for both his ancestry. His job consisted of copying pre-Colombian artifacts by hand. This labor "greatly shaped his artistic
vision and expression."
Though heavily critiqued by fellow Mexican paintors including Jose Clemente Orozco, Diego Rivera, Oswaldo Guayasamin, and David Alfaro Siqueiros, Tamayo didn't include Mexican politics in his work. He instead took to the aspects of cubism and surrealism from Europe.
Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and Henri Matisse
heavily influenced Tamayo's art
Children playing with fire
(Ninos Jugando con Fuego)
Tres personajes cantando
51" by 38"
Shows Tamayo's Mature Style
Oil painting on Canvas
Depicts 2 children dancing about the fire
Painted in 1947
Owned currently by the Pierre Mattise Gallery, New York
Hombre con flor
painted at age 90