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Chickasaw Movement

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by

Chance Lee

on 23 January 2013

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Transcript of Chickasaw Movement

The Chickasaw Removal Origin Story and Other Legends Origin Story Their origin story is quite drawn out and complicated but this is the main idea. According to the legend they were a part of a bigger tribe long long ago before they were known as the Chickasaw. This tribe lived in constant fear of attacks. Then one night the elders gathered and consulted their god Ubabeneli. He told them that they would be guided by Kohta Falaya or long pole, although this was no ordinary pole but one crafted by Ubabeneli himself. They were told to examine the pole each morning and walk in the direction it was facing, this would lead them to their new home. Flood Myth Long ago when they still lived in their old lands, Their god sent rain, so much rain that it flooded the entire earth. Many of the Chickasaw people made rafts to survive the flood, although all of them were destroyed by large white beaver like creatures. All but one which carried two of each animal. After the flood washed away a Raven appeared with an ear of corn in mouth. Which they were instructed by their god to plant, they were also told that one day the world would be destroyed in a great fire. Other Legends Squirrel Stick- A boy becomes a great hunter with a special stick that kills on contact.
No lost children- The story that their children were so well trained with the land that they never got "lost" Culture, Customs, and Notable History Basics Before their move to the west the Chickasaws lived a mainly agrarian lifestyle although they did some hunting and gathering. Despite being agrarian they were battle ready to the point that even the women would help defend the village. This level of battle readiness gained them the nickname Spartans of the lower Mississippi. Notable History They are often credited with being the reason that this nation speaks English.
They've never lost a war in their homeland.
Deemed themselves "Unconquered and Unconquerable"
First European contact: 1540 Hernando De Soto
Sided with English in French and Indian War
Sided with South in the Civil War More Cultural Things Both men and women wore their hair long as was tradition
Children often went around as they pleased, and could care for themselves early on
Had a fully developed Religion and Government
They respect fire, and not allowed to extinguish it with water.
Thunderstorms were thought to be the holy people having a war in the clouds above
Many Chickasaws would fire their guns into the sky to show they were not afraid to die, but were willing to die in order to fight amongst the ones who sat above.
There were four "beloved things" above: The clouds, the sun, the clear sky and the "he that lives in the clear sky".
They believed in a supreme being they called Aba Binili. Their Movement Their Trail The Chickasaw left their home land in the areas of Northern Mississippi and Alabama and southern Tennessee, and traveled their way to the South west parts of Oklahoma. The Journey In 1830 when the Indian Removal Act was passed out the Chickasaws were quite stubborn, although they eventually reconsidered, accepted that them leaving was inevitable, and eventually left their lands. It is said that in 1837 during the period of the Great Removal, they were sent to south central Oklahoma, they were one of the last tribes to leave their home lands, along the trail great numbers of Chickasaw died of diseases such as small pox or dysentery. Despite this its said that their journey was more simple and less troublesome than many other tribes. They traveled over the winter of 1837-1838. And unlike most of the other tribes they didn't receive a land grant, but instead was given a 3 million dollar compensation, although that wasn't payed to them until many years later. Once they reached Oklahoma Once there... Once there they settled in South Central Oklahoma, they signed the treaty of Doaksville which called for their permanent resettlement.They purchased land from the Choctaw for some large amount of money, they did so because they were not given a land grant. The established the capital of Tishomingo, there they put together some of the first schools, banks, and businesses in the new territory. They have lived there ever since as an independent nation with its own laws, religion, and government. Sources - http://www.chickasaw.net/history_culture/index_670.htm
- http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2959.html
- http://www.firstpeople.us/FP-Html-Legends/GhostoftheWhiteDeer-Chickasaw.html Origin Story Continued The tribe traveled in two smaller groups led by the young Chiefs Chickasaw and Choctaw. After years of traveling they met a great river (now know as the Mississippi) which they needed to cross to get "home" this crossing took many days. After the crossing the chief Choctaw was content in the pole bring straight although, the Chief Chickasaw was convinced that home laid further east so the groups went separate ways. It ended up that he was incorrect and the pole now faced west, they moved back and settled in upper Mississippi less than 100 miles north of where the Choctaw settled.
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