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2.4 Misinformation Debate: Team B

A Decrease in Digital Literacy. The Pushback Debate

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Transcript of 2.4 Misinformation Debate: Team B

Team B: Refute
"Technology (through television, texting, Facebook posting, and the Internet), has contributed to a decrease in literacy skills."
Written by: Ashley Kodya
Case Finding #1 : The Internet
Written by: Victoria Principe

With the invention of Television in the 1920’s our lives changed forever. To say that our generation is highly dependable on Television is an understatement. The conflict begins with the never-ending list of tv shows, movies, documentaries, reality shows, news channels etc. Even though we cannot neglect the fact that there are very respectable TV networks, we also cannot neglect the amount of junk that is being engrained into our generation’s brains. The days where sitcoms and movies were of learning purposes are long gone. What could shows like “The Jersey Shore” “Keeping up with the Kardashians” or “Rich Kids of Beverly Hills” teach us? There is absolutely no increase in literacy skills whatsoever when turning on the TV and tuning in to any of these shows. Maybe some of our neurons might get burned and not work at all due to the amount of nonsense that is shown today. Reality TV has become the #1 reason why our society is going through a downward spiral. Unfortunately life always imitates art, and the “art” that is being portrayed on television is not worth being imitated.
Case Finding #3: TELEVISION
Poster/Article Researched by Clyde Hester
"Internet addiction can modify the
brains of young children at the time their
minds are most malleable, leaving them
vulnerable to a host of antisocial behaviors
and other health concerns later in life".
Technology & Literacy
The Pushback Debate!
2.4 Misinformation Debate: Team B

Written by Ashley Kodya
As technology evolves, we see more people with mobile devices than ever before. Modern society depends on being mobile. We're on the go and can't be stopped in our busy lives. In the "rat race" as some may call it, we're starting to let literacy take the back seat. Being able to text is quick and convenient but at what cost to our reading and writing skills? "The economy of expression forces us to take shortcuts with our expression. We know people are texting in a hurry, they are on mobile devices, and so they are making these compromises” (Heard 2012). In order to get a messages across quickly in our fast-paced lives, we're allowing a margin or acceptable errors that seems to be increasing as time goes on. This is starting affect how people use grammar outside of text messages. Digital chats have taken precedence over traditional written letters and even phone calls. We're focusing on how fast we get our message out there than what we're actually writing. "Due to the excessive usage of online chatting and shortcuts, the writing skills of today’s young generation have declined quite tremendously. These days, children are relying more and more on digital communication that they have totally forgot about improving their writing skills. They don’t know the spelling of different words, how to use grammar properly or how to do cursive writing. " (Martin 2013). If literacy is slowly declining while the use of technology increases, what literacy skill will the world posses or value when this generation rises to power? How will that carry on into adulthood when these kids are applying for college and entering the workforce? "The Internet norm of ignoring punctuation and capitalization as well as using emoticons may be acceptable in an e-mail to friends and family, but it can have a deadly effect on one's career if used at work. It would say 'well, this person doesn't think very clearly, and they're not very good at analyzing complex subjects, and they're not very good at expressing themselves, or at worse, they can't spell, they can't punctuate" (Kelly 2012). What business would want to hire someone who doesn't possess basic literacy skills? Professional settings rely on formal and traditional standards of writing. The decline of literacy due to texting undermine the sanctity of a professional business setting. "Emoticons, truncated and butchered words such as 'cuz,' are just some of the writing horrors being handed in, say professors and administrators at Simon Fraser. Punctuation errors are huge, and apostrophe errors. Students seem to have absolutely no idea what an apostrophe is for. None. Absolutely none" (Kelly 2012). Literacy literally is about use the use of grammar, punctuation and spelling. If those writing tools are not being care for through texting, our primary source of communication in modern times, we're throwing all of our literacy skills out the window by butchering words and forgetting punctuation. "Frequent users of smartphones quickly get used to the “auto-complete” function of their devices—the way they need only type a few letters and the phone fills in the rest. A study led by researchers at the University of Coventry in Britain surveyed a group of eight to twelve-year-olds about their texting habits, then asked them to write a sample text in the lab. The scientists found that kids who sent three or more text messages a day had significantly lower scores on literacy tests than children who sent none." (Paul 2012) Texting allows us to take shortcuts and with the use or smart phones, texting has become even more lazy. You barely have to think for yourself what to write. Also, with smart phone now, there is a text-to-speech option where you don't even have to know how to write or spell - you talk and the phone does all the work for you. Being able to have this shortcut is benficial to our busy lives but certainly doesn't build any sort of literacy skill.
Case Finding #2: TEXTING
Researched by Victoria Narvaez
Written by: Victoria Principe
Mark Zuckerberg became a genius with the magic he did in the communication aspect of Facebook. Facebook began by being a gateway to communicate with family and friends from all over the world, which made it accessible for people of all ages. Facebook became that one thing no one can live without; from grandparents to teenagers creating accounts so that they could be considered “cool” and “hip”. What changed in the last few years? With its popularity Facebook started promoting unnecessary things to our society. In a study made by ‘The Economist’ in 2013 I read that researchers came to the conclusion that “the most common emotion aroused by using Facebook is envy”. What good could come from this emotion? If we focus on only this part of the many studies that have been done, we can discuss how envy can take away time from reading interesting books, or studying, or spending time with your loved ones. The decrease in social interaction is absurd; Facebook has made socializing with real live people a boring thing to do. The easiest way for an individual to grow and learn is to keep real life relationships with people, but Facebook has done a great job by diminishing this very important key to success.
Case Finding #4: FACEBOOK
Through advance technology, there has been an
ongoing debate about whether its helpful and harmful to the rising generation. Many argue that its helping literacy skills however there is strong pushback against that claim. Although there may be strong evidence to suggest technology increases these literacy skills, we are here today to discuss strong points and evidence that may make you suggest otherwise.

A huge advancement of technology would be the steady rise of the Internet. When you're browsing the Internet, you probably notice on most pages a variety of items trying to grab your attention all at the same time. Even on an information news site, you're seeing links to other articles, advertisements, graphics, videos and more. "The internet offers so many gateways to other pages, that it has made it difficult for us to focus on one piece of information at a time. In other words: the internet is making us all a little more A.D.D " (Stevens 2010). This attention grabbing factor of the Internet makes us float around quickly, even subconsciously, as we're reading, taking in less information than traditional offline methods. "Experts describe this habit of darting from page to page as "associative" thinking. They have especially noticed this habit in younger children, whom are comparably less focused on studying, reading, and writing then the age group was when measured in the past. This is damaging to reading ability because it decreases our ability to comprehend what we read" (Stevens 2010). Comprehension is a huge part of literacy. The diminishing of the ability to comprehend what we're reading and writing mean little hope for the future of our literacy skills. The Internet is the source for of our literature more and more everyday. The shift to Internet literature, especially with the attention seeking nature of most websites, the less we see a need to read for pleasure. "Studies show that reading develops imagination, induction, reflection and critical thinking, as well as vocabulary," Greenfield said. "Reading for pleasure is the key to developing these skills. Students today have ... less print literacy. Many students do not read for pleasure and have not for decades" (Wolpert 2009). Our expansion of vocabulary is imperative when it comes to literacy skills. How can we read and write if we're not understanding most of the words expressed? Many of the arguments for technology will state that if we don't understand something, the Internet is there to look anything up that we wish. "It’s good to know where to find the information you need―but decades of cognitive science research shows that skills like critical thinking and problem-solving can be developed only in the context of factual knowledge. In other words, you’ve got to have knowledge stored in your head, not just in your computer" (Paul 2012). Literacy can rely on critical thinking in the sense that we need to be able to draw conclusions based on what we've read. "Critical thinking allows us to monitor our understanding as we read. If we sense that assertions are ridiculous or irresponsible, we examine the text more closely to test our understanding" (Kurland 2000). The road to mental developments and discoveries used to be critical thinking but now an Internet connection, a search bar and an infinite catalogue of information have now replaced this.
Parenting / Relationship expert Dr Karen Ruskin
Kids are not making real social connections.
Stevens, Angela (23 February 2010). Impact of the Internet on Critical Reading and Writing Skills [Reading Horizons]. Retrieved from http://www.readinghorizons.com/blog/post/2010/02/23/Impact-of-the-Internet-on-Critical-Reading-and-Writing-Skills.aspx

Wolpert, Stuart (27 January 2009). Is technology producing a decline in critical thinking and analysis? [UCLA Newroom]. Retrieved from http://newsroom.ucla.edu/releases/is-technology-producing-a-decline-79127

Paul, Annie Murphy (29 November 2012). How to Use Technology to Make You Smarter [Time]. Retrieved from http://ideas.time.com/2012/11/29/how-to-use-technology-to-make-you-smarter/

Kurland, Daniel J. (2000). Critical Reading v. Critical Thinking [How the Language Really Works: The Fundamentals of Critical Reading and Effective Writing]. Retrieved from http://www.criticalreading.com/critical_reading_thinking.htm

Heard, Dr. Wilda V. (30 July 2012). Is ‘texting’ destroying literacy skills [DRWILDA]. Retrieved from http://drwilda.com/2012/07/30/is-texting-destroying-literacy-skills/

Print Edition: (17 August 2013)
Using the social network seems to make people more miserable

NeoVox: the International College Student Magazine: The Negative Effects of Video Games 
Negative Potential of Video Games | Education.com
Diigo References:

Collaboration done on BASECAMP
Diigo(Organizer of Group : Ashley Kodya)
User Names: Amkodya, Robert Livsenbach,
Chester86, Sharesta, VNarvaezFullsail,Parodyband
Ashley Kodya: Writing Texting & Internet
Victoria Principe: Writing Television & Facebook
LaKesha Tenny: Writing Video Games
Austin Crane: Final Collaboration of Writing
Clyde Hester: AP Images Research
Victoria Narvaez: Basecamp Organizer/ Prezi Presentation
Case Finding #5: VIDEO GAMES
Video Games
Throughout the years video games has had a huge impact on our youths social and
physical lives. Gamers are now spending more time inside alone isolating themselves from the
outside world. Trapping themselves into a virtual world that does not require much thought or
creativity. While leaving them with an arena of violent behavior such as stealing,kicking, killing
and shooting. And If that wasn't enough, children nor adults are getting enough day to day
physical activity. The more time spent at a computer or on the couch the less time people are
spending outside playing with loved ones and friends or doing yard work. Obesity is on the rise
within the American community and with this increase comes the fear of the lack of physical and
healthy activities as well as a lack of social skills.
Written by: LaKesha Tenny
Full transcript