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TRIFLES

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by

Huỳnh Lân

on 22 September 2014

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Transcript of TRIFLES

TRIFLES
SYMBOLS
THEME
AUTHOR
SUSAN GLASPELL (1876 - 1948)

*
American playwright, actress, novelist, and journalist.

*
Founded the First Modern American theater company.

*
Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1931 (for
Alison's House
).
ABOUT

TRIFLES
FEMINIST CRITICISM
SUSAN GLASPELL'S
list of characters
MR. HENDERSON
(COUNTY ATTORNEY)
SHERIFF
MR. HALE
The Wrights' neighbor
MRS. HALE
Wife of Mr. Hale
MRS. PETERS
Wife of the sheriff
JOHN WRIGHT
a.k.a
MR. WRIGHT
the victim
MINNIE FOSTER
a.k.a
MRS. WRIGHT
accused murderer
THE CANARY
THE BIRD CAGE
THE ROPE
A ONE-ACT PLAY
*

A one-act play is a play that has only one act, as distinct from plays that occur over several acts.
IN
WRITTEN
SETTING
* TIME
: early twentieth century
(early 1900s)
PLOT OVERVIEW
.
Mr. Henderson allows the women to collect some items for Mrs. Wright who is in custody
The women discover a quilt, an empty birdcage and a dead bird in a box
The women decide to hide the evidence due to their empathy
IRO NY
TITLE
TRIFLES
Things of little value or unimportant
TRIFLES
TRIFLES
The importance of women's
rights and equality
A STORY ABOUT TRIFLES
THIS IS THE END OF OUR PRESENTATION
ATTENTION
THANK YOU
FOR YOUR
Henry Peters, George Henderson, Lewis Hale, Mrs. Peters, Mrs. Hale arrive at John Wright's farmhouse to investigate Wright's murder
Mrs. Peters and Mrs. Hale discover the dead bird in the box
CLIMAX
They can know
HOW

WHY
Mr. Wright was killed
Mrs. Wright herself
Mr. Wright's death
Mrs. Wright's unhappy marriage
Mrs. Wright's isolated
home life
Oppression
Mrs. Wright's self-liberation
THE QUILT
The quilt remains uncompleted like the story
* One-act play may consist of one or more scenes.
* WEATHER
: during very cold weather
* LOCATION
: in the kitchen of a farmhouse in the Mid-West
1916
PATRIARCHAL DOMINANCE
1. Female identity is determined by relation to men rather than through their inherent qualities as females
FEMALE IDENTITY
Mr. Henderson and other men assume that the identity of women derive solely from their relationships to men.
LONELINESS
MRS. Wright has been living in

LONELINESS
EMPATHY & PROTECTION
The two women understand for Mrs. Wright's situation
2. The women have no first name
3. Stereotype women’s characteristics: “Nothing here but kitchen things”, “Well, women
are used to worrying over trifles. (Mr. Hale)”
HOWEVER, IN REALITY, WOMEN HAVE THEIR OWN SELVES.
1.

She has

NO CHILDREN
2.

She has
NO FRIEND
except for the canary
3.

This canary was killed
Mrs. Hale regrets not having protect Mr. Wright from isolation and solitude
She hides the evidence
Items in the Wright's house that are considered unimportant
Mr. Wright considers the bird as an annoying trifles
FEMINIST CRITICISM
PERCEPTION
TRIFLES
broadly shows typical differences in the way that males and females perceive the world
EMPATHY
The two female characters sympathy with Mrs. Wright
FREEDOM
Women have their own independence

They can do anything they want
They consider Mrs. Wright as a victim
They hide the key evidence
Men's view of women as trifles.
Women's opinions are not important.
Trifles, considered as unimportant by men, are key evidence
Mrs. Wright is not allowed to sing though she likes singing
Mrs. Peters violates the laws though her husband is a sheriff
in jail
lonely
used to sing
"hard" man
not like bird
Investigates the farmhouse for clues
County lawman holding Mrs. Wright in jail
discovers the key evidence
Full transcript