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The Moral Problems of In Vitro Fertilization
Transcript of The Moral Problems of In Vitro Fertilization
OF IN VITRO FERTILIZATION Thus, in vitro fertilization is a process whereby the egg cell is fertilized outside the mother’s womb in a laboratory glass. “In vitro” is a Latin phrase which means “in glass”. CONCLUSION 1. Egg production stimulated by hormone therapy 2. Eggs retrieved from ovary 3. Sperm sample provided 4. Eggs and sperm combine for fertilization 5. Fertilized eggs introduced into uterus The successful outcome is popularly known as a “test-tube baby”. This technique is believed to be an innovative procedure improving artificial insemination Artificial insemination... ...is “the introduction of seminal fluid into the vagina of a female by any method other than ejaculation by a male”
(Encyclopedia Britanica, Micropedia, 15th Edition) OTHER RELATED TERMS... Sperm banking... ...is freezing donated sperms for future use. By banking the sperms, a woman can conceive a child by her spouse away from her or even long after his death. Surrogate mothers... are women who bear another woman’s baby by IVF.
They “rent out” their wombs to carry babies for other women who are either unable or unwilling to experience pregnancy themselves. Other terms for
In Vitro Fertilization: Artificial fertilization (AF)
and assisted reproductive technology (ART) Brief History Although, the IVF procedure has been performed mainly for the breeding of animals, it was attempted in humans in the 1970s. The first successful birth of a human child by this method was performed by Patrick Steptoe (a gynecologist) and R.G. Edwards (an embryologist) in England. The world’s first IVF child is Louise Brown who was born on July 25, 1978. Since then, the technology has been further refined and developed by gynecologists and embryologists. Types of IVF is when the sperm comes from the husband or the egg comes from the wife. is when the sperm or egg comes from a donor. is done if the wife’s uterus has been removed by hysterectomy or an unmarried woman wants a child but does not want a husband. Homologous artificial fertilization Heterologous artificial fertilization IVF or Artificial fertilization
of unmarried women Group Advantages of In Vitro Fertilization 1) It overcomes infertility in women due to diseased or blocked fallopian tubes.
Male infertility due to lack of sperm counts and poor quality of sperms is also resolved. (Grobstein, 1982) 2) It is used as a diagnostic test to determine whether abnormalities of the egg or sperm or their transport are causing infertility.
(Seligmann and Curry, 1988) 3) It makes pregnancy in women with unexplained infertility possible.
(Clark, 1969) 4) The test-tube baby may inherit the gifted characteristics of his donor. 5) The mother has the possibility of choosing if she wants twins, triplets and so on.
(Seligmann and Curry, 1988) Moral Problems From the perspective of medical experts and theologians 1) High rate of failure not only in the fertilization but also in the development of the embryo. 2) Foetal abnormalities 3) Serious defects or death of the mother. 4) The unity of marriage is violated. 5) Degradation of Parenthood. 6) Incest 7) Wombs for rent. MORAL
PROBLEMS From the perspective of the Catholic Church The Magisterium of the Catholic Church has clearly stated that IVF is morally unacceptable on the following grounds: 1)Separation of the sexual act from the procreative act. According to Pope John Paul II, God has bound the transmission of human life to the sexual act therefore “IVF violates the nature and structure of reproduction by separating the sexual act from reproduction itself.
(Evangelium Vitae, 14) 2) Destruction of the human embryo The IVF technique has exposed the human embryo to the risk of death because of the high rate of failure not only in fertilization but also of the death of the embryo. 3) IVF involves masturbation. “Masturbation is an intrinsically and seriously disordered act contrary to nature,” according to Bishop John Foley, spokesman of the World Synod of Roman Catholic Bishops.
(Bulletin Today, 1980, p. 2) 4) Human reproduction is removed from the context of marriage Artificial fertilization by a third party, usually from an unknown donor even with the consent of the husband or wife is immoral because it is substantially, adultery. In the sacred book of origins, the law for the transmission of human life is set down immutably…
This transmission must occur in marriage by a responsible conjugal act of the couple. Any different way or method is unacceptable: 1st because it would contradict the creative plan of God; 2nd because it would offend the dignity of the person and of marriage. The human person has the right to be born in a human way and not in a laboratory… These principles must be understood not as opposition to Science or as a check on progress, but as a defense of the constitutive values of the human being and his existence.(March 5, 1997, p. 12)
Fr. Gino Concetti, O.F.M., who wrote an article in L’Osservatore Romano END Video retrieved from Youtube.com