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Social studieson 15 December 2012
Transcript of The Ojibwas
Girls and women decorated their clothing with bones, feathers, shells, stones, and dyed porcupine quills. Megis shells were used for bead work, jewellery, and also for trade and barter. Animal bones, claws and teeth were strung into necklaces. Fur and hide from animals were used to make moccasins and mittens. Clothing How is a wigwam built?
Ojibwa men and women worked together to build wigwams. First, the men set the poles in the ground. Then, they bent the poles and tied them together to make a dome shaped frame. Next, the women covered the frame with rush mats. They laid birch-bark sheets over the mats. The birch bark sheets overlapped like shingles on a roof. This prevented rain and wind from entering the wigwam. Shelter What animals lived around the Ojibwa? Animal habitats Who did the Ojibwa praise? Beliefs The Ojibwas collected maple syrup there. How did they collect maple syrup? In April, each family traveled to their own maple sugar camp. Once they arrived, they set up their own wigwam. If the family was lucky, the old frame they left behind the year before might still be whole. If so, setting up their wigwam would be easy. All they would need to do is wrap the old frame with the deerskin they had brought with them. If not, they made a new frame. At the maple sugar camp, both men and women collected maple syrup. What was maple syrup used for? The Ojibwa added maple syrup to many of their foods including corn bread, and rice dishes. They also made a candy from maple syrup in small cubes Everyone wanted to make sure there was lots of maple syrup available to use all year long What Food was eaten in what month/season? Spring:
Spring was the time for fishing. It was also the time they planted corn, squash, pumpkin, and potatoes. They did not plant huge fields to feed large numbers. June:
June was strawberry moon. In June, the Ojibwa gathered wild fruits, berries, and vegetables. August:
August was rice moon. Wild rice grew on long stalks near the shoreline of lakes. Rice was an important food. Winter:
In winter, the Ojibwa lived in isolated hunting camps. At the most, you would find 2 or 3 wigwams together. How did the Ojibwa make clothing?
Well first of all, traditionally, women were responsible for making clothing. They began by tanning animal hides. First, they scraped the flesh and hair from the hides. Next, they washed the hides and rubbed them with brains to make them soft!! The hides were then smoked to give them colour. Women used tools made out of wood and bone to cut and sew the hides. Tools called awls made holes in the hides. Finally, bone needles were used to pull thread through holes. Moccasins What did men/ women wear? Men and women normally wore their hair long and braided. In times of war, men might of changed their hairstyle into a scalplock. The women wore deerskin leggins, moccasins, dresses, and petticoats made of woven nettler or thistle fibers.The men also wore leggings and moccasins, along with breechcloths. What do Ojibwa wear today?
Today, many Ojibwa wear store bought clothes. However, they still wear some traditional garments. Many people wear buckskin jackets. Colourful beaded moccasins and mittens are also popular. What parts of the wigwam protect the Ojibwa from harsh weather conditions?
Wigwams kept the Ojibwa warm and dry. A fire in the center of the wigwam provided heat and light. Smoke from the fire escaped through the hole in the top of the wigwam. Where do Ojibwa live today? Today, the Ojibwa live in modern buildings and in cities and towns. However, they still build traditional structures for special ceremonies. We live in houses that are strong and made out of brick. Our houses are much bigger and safer than wigwams. The animals that lived around the Ojibwa were caribou, buffalo, deer, moose, beavers, red fox, blackbear, white tailed deer, wolves, and snowshoe hare. What animals did the Ojibwa hunt? The Ojibwa hunted deer, moose, wolves, foxes, bears, and rabbits. Why were animals important to the Ojibwa? Animals were important to the Ojibwa because they provided them food, clothing, and shelter. Landform region What is the landform of the Ojibwa? The landform that the Ojibwa lived in were the Canadian sheild, and he great plains. Landforms influence what resources are available for meeting basic needs such as materials for building homes and making tools Climatic Region What climate did the Ojibwa live in? The climate the Ojibwa lived in were sub-arctic and continental. The climate of an area determines what food, clothing, water, and shelter are available to meet life's basic needs Climate particularily affects vegetation Vegetation Region What was the vegetation like in where the Ojibwa lived? They lived around the grasslands, and coniferous forest. What are coniferous trees? Coniferous trees are trees that have needles and cones. Where do coniferous trees grow? Coniferous forests grow in places where winter is long. Coniferous trees grow in shallow soils where rock is close to the surface. The Ojibwa believed in 6 animals across the sea. These animals were the bullhead, crane, little moose, bear, marten, and thunder bird. The animals created life of humanity. The clans were based on the animals. What were the spirits they believed in? The Ojibwa believed that the world was filled with spirits. Ghosts and witches were negative and feared spirits.The sun, moon, 4 winds, lightning, and thunder were positive spirits. The greatest spirit was Kichimanito, or Great Spirit. Spirits could give an individual a great power during a dream. This power could be used for good or evil purposes. Young men would get more powers from spirits than most others. Conclusion We hope that you enjoyed our presentation and now have learned a lot about the Ojibwa. The Ojibwa had a very interesting way of living and have influenced others to live their ways too. Here is a picture of the thunder bird on a totem pole Family What happened when a clan member died?
The body was washed and dressed in fine clothing. It was then wrapped in birch bark and buried in a shallowly dug grave. Then, prayers were recited to show respect and honor. What were their clan symbols? The official symbol that represented the Ojibwa people was the hawk. There was also the bullhead to represent their symbol. Values What were the most important ceremonies? There were 2 very important ceremonies. The first was the medicine dance, and the second was the sun dance which was held in the Plains and North Nations. The Medicine dance was believed to help grow good herbs used in medicine. The sun dance was believed to bring rain, sunlight, and good crops. Table of contents 1. 2. 4. 3. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. Resources 1...Introduction
What was maple syrup used for? What Food was eaten in what month/season? 5... Clothing
What did men/ women wear? and What do the Ojibwa wear today?
7... Shelter 8... Where do Ojibwa live today? 9... Our houses Our houses 10... Animal habitats 11... Landform region 12... Climate region 13... Vegetation region 14... Beliefs 15... Family 16...Values 17... Conclusion 18... Resources 18. - www.wikepedia.org
-http://www.native-art-incanada.com/ojibwa indians. html
Websites: - http://www.wildwoodsurvival.com -http://www.geo.msu.edu/geogmich/ojibwe.html Books:
- American Indian Art and Culture Ojibwa
- SS Textbook