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2018. Spring. Wk 2. Part 2
Transcript of 2018. Spring. Wk 2. Part 2
We believe that this good God, after creating all things, did not abandon them to chance or fortune but leads and governs them according to his holy will, in such a way that nothing happens in this world without God's orderly arrangement" (Art. 13).
Humanity of Christ
Week 2, pt. 2
God and Revelation
We all believe in our hearts
and confess with our mouths
that there is a single
whom we call God (Art. 1)
Immortal, invisible, God only wise,
In light inaccessible hid from our eyes,
Most blessèd, most glorious, the Ancient of Days,
Almighty, victorious, Thy great Name we praise.
Unresting, unhasting, and silent as light,
Nor wanting, nor wasting, Thou rulest in might;
Thy justice, like mountains, high soaring above
Thy clouds, which are fountains of goodness and love.
(Walter Smith, 1876)
How we know God:
First, by the creation, preservation, and government of the universe ...
Second, God makes himself known to us more clearly by his holy Word ...
Regarding creation, the BC states: "... All these things are enough to convict humans and to leave them without excuse." Why then do we need God's "holy and divine Word"?
... the universe is before our eyes like a beautiful book ...
For Calvin and de Bres, the trouble we have in reading the book of nature is helped by another book! Book I is no longer any use to us because of our sinful blindness. What we need is Book II ... (Plantinga, A Place to Stand, 47)
Authority of Scripture
We receive all these books and these only as holy and canonical, for the regulating, founding and establishing of our faith.
Art. 1-11 God and Revelation
Art. 12-17: Creation
Art. 18-21: Christ
Art. 22-26: Doc. of Salvation
Art. 27-36: Church
Art. 37: Last things
Sufficiency of Scripture
We believe that this Holy Scripture contains the will of God completely and that everything one must believe to be saved is sufficiently taught in it (Art. 7)
God is ...
and the overflowing source
of all good.
... we must not consider human writings - no matter how holy their authors may have been - equal to the divine writings; nor may we put custom, nor the majority, nor age, nor the passage of times or persons, nor councils, decrees, or official decisions above the truth of God, for truth is above everything else (Art. 7)
Are we be concerned or comforted by the thought that God completely knows everything about us, and that he is perfectly in control of everything that goes on in our world?
Creation & Fall of Humanity
We believe God created human beings ... in his image and likeness - good, just, and holy ... but they subjected themselves willingly to sin and consequently to death and the curse, lending their ear to the word of the devil ... and by their sin they separated themselves from God, who was their true life, having corrupted their entire nature (Art. 14)
Therefore we confess (against the heresy of the Anabaptists who deny that Christ assumed human flesh from his mother) that Christ shared the very flesh and blood of children; being the fruit of the loins of David according to the flesh, descended from David according to the flesh; the fruit of the womb of the virgin Mary ...
How can I explain the mystery of the two natures of Christ to someone who keeps saying, "It still doesn't make sense"?
All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the servant of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work (2 Tim. 3:16-17)
Regarding the apocryphal books ...
“The church may certainly read these books, and learn from them as far as they agree with the canonical books” (Art. 6).
But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel other than the one we preached to you, let them be under God’s curse! As we have already said, so now I say again: If anybody is preaching to you a gospel other than what you accepted, let them be under God’s curse!
The Doctrine of Christ
So then we confess that God fulfilled the promise made to the early fathers and mothers by the mouth of the holy prophets when he sent the only and eternal Son of God into the world at the time appointed (Art. 18).
These are the reasons why we confess him to be true God and truly human— true God in order to conquer death by his power, and truly human that he might die for us in the weakness of his flesh (Art. 18).
Why God became Human