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Alkebu-lan 1260 AH Presentation

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Nikolaj Cyon

on 16 December 2014

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Transcript of Alkebu-lan 1260 AH Presentation

Ethiopian Empire 1137-1974 AD
The Ethiopian Empire is one of the longest imperial dynasties in the world and was the only native African nation that resisted the Scramble for Africa.
Fāsīledes Castle, 1600 AD, Gondar, Ethiopia
Bete Giyorgis
1200 AD
Lalibela, Ethiopia

Carved out in one massive piece from the bed rock
Stele of Axum, 300 AD
Axum, Ethiopia
24 m tall, 160 tonne stone 'skyscraper'
Battle of Adwa
1 March 1896
80 000 Ethiopian soldiers defeated the Italian invaders
Adwa
Songhai Empire
~1340 - 1591 AD
The Songhai empire covered a 1,4 million square km area - bigger then the entire western Europe

The Songhai Empire rise from the Mali and Ghana Empires. It was a highly developed feudal society with Africa's most important University.
Maps shape the world they depict
At the 'Kongokonferenz' in Berlin in 1884 , the major imperialist powers decided “which regions of Africa each European power had the right to 'pursue' the legal ownership of land”


The map come first, and by the power of its ink it shaped reality
Straight borders,
drawn by rulers...
...with rulers
Borders that still today,
bears witness for anyone that observes a map...
...arrogance of power.
...of the...
Almost 130 years,
and a wave of
colonial revolution later -
the borders are still...
...almost the same.
I wanted to change the past by drawing an other map
A map risen from:
historical native nations
linguistic boundaries
natural boundaries
A years research with Wikipedia and UNESCO's "A General History of Africa" as main sources
At first it was quite easy, but some areas are not so well documented and information is often contradictorily
The process
12 Sept 2010
29 Sept 2010
14 oktober 2010
23 November 2010
Eskilstuna Lecture version
12 April 2011, watercolour
Bachelor exibition version
Apollo 11 Cave
Namibia
27500 BP
Map making
Projection method
Rotation
Scale & Units
Zero Meridian
Language & Dates
Frame & Aesthetics
Information focus

Dabous Giraffes
World's largest palaeolithic petroglyph, consisting of 828 engraved images. The Giraffe is 6,35 m tall.
Dabous, Nigeria
10 000 - 8 000 BP
What about African Civilization?
Alternate History
My POD (Point Of Divergence) is the same as in Kim Stanley Robinson's 'The Years of Rice and Salt": The black death mutated and became more deadly in 1350, wiping out 3/4 instead of 1/3 of population in Europe.
Meroë Pyramids
Nubia/Kush
Graves for the Black Pharaohs that ruled Egypt 2700 BP
Did modern behavior arise 30 000 BP at Cro-Magnon in France, Europe?
Feudal Knights
Organized armies
Developed internal trade
and vast cities.
Loango late 1600 AD,
in Rep. of Congo
The crimes of the slave trade and the Scramble for Africa are quite well known, what existed in Africa prior to that isn't. Egypt (and maybe Carthage) is the only major African civilization most people know about, and Egypt isn't regarded as typical African either. I wanted to focus on sub-Saharan Empires, Kingdoms and civilizations. Focus on African middle age. On African achievements in science and Art.
Organized armies
Africa, or the supposedly old arabic name for 'Land of the Blacks':

Alkebu-lan is not only mankind's
biological cradle but also the cradle for modern behavior, Ingenuity and Art
The Zulu Empire
1816-1897 AD
Battle of Isandlwana
22 January 1879
20 000 Zulu warriors fought to defend Zululand against 1800 british well equipped soldiers. The battle was a crushing victory for the Zulus. The British army suffered its worst defeat against a technologically inferior indigenous force in history. 1300 dead british soldiers of 48 officers and two captured canons. The Zulus only suffered 1000 causalities.
Blombos Cave
140 000 BP first settlement, evidence for humans eating shellfish, and heated stonework scalpels.
80 000 BP first artwork ever
abstract patterns on an ocher stone.
Kilwa Sultanate 900 - 1513 AD
The Walls of Great Zimbabwe
1100 AD, Zimbabwe
11 m tall walls
Mapungubwe gold Rhino
1000 AD
Seh-Dong-Hong-Beh
leader of the 6000 woman strong
'Mino' - elite soldiers of Dahomey
Ashanti PRE-colonial Architecture
A trade federation very alike the Germanic 'Hansa'. City states that where connected with a common tongue: Swahili! A trade language that still today are the most spoken Bantu language with 50-100 million speakers.
They traded far and wide in Dhow sailing ships, even as far as China and India, making cultures mingle and innovations spead.
they build forts
palaces
decorated
with corals
Kingdom of Kongo
Full transcript