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"The 1935 Constitution"
Transcript of "The 1935 Constitution"
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
"The government established by this constitution shall be known as the Commonwealth of the Philippines. Upon the final and complete withdrawal of the sovereignty of the United States and the proclamation of the Philippine Independence, the Commonwealth of the Philippines shall henceforth be known as the Republic of the Philippines."
Constitution to be drafted must be republican.
It should include a bill of rights .
And should contain certain provisions intended to define the relations between the Philippines and United States during the commonwealth period and after the establishment of the Philippine Republic.
Limitations and Conditions
1898 Malolos Constitution
The Instruction of Pres. William Mckinley to the Second
Philippine Commision on April 7, 1900
The Philippine Bill of July 1, 1902
The Jones Law of August 26, 1916
Framing and Ratification
Briefly stated, the steps which led to the drafting and adaptation of the 1935 Constitution of the Philippines are as follows:
a.) Approval on
March 24, 1934
by President Franklin D. Roosevelt of the tydings McDuffie Law, otherwise known as the Philippine Independence Act, enacted by the United States Congress, authorizing the Philippine Legislature to call a costitutional convention to draft a constitution for the Philippines;
b.) Approval on
March 5, 1934
by the Philippine Legislature of a bill calling a constitutional convention as provided for in the Independence Law;
c.) Approval on
February 8, 1935
by the convention by a vote of 177 to 1 of the Constitution (the signing began on the following day and was completed on February 19, 1935)
d.) Approval on
March 23, 1935
by Pres. Roosevelt of the Constitution as submitted to him, together with a certification that the said Constitution conformed with the provisions of the Independence Law; and
e.) Ratification on
May 14, 1935
of the Constitution by the Filipino electrorate by a vote of 1,213,046, with 44,963 against.
a. establishing a bicameral legislature;
b. allowing the reeligibility of the President and the Vice-President for a second four-year term of office;
c. creating a separate Commission on elections and
d. the so-called Parity Amendment which gave to American citizens equal right with the Filipinos in the exploitation of our natural resources and the operation of public utilities.
April 30, 1937, when 447,725 woman repotedly voted yes and 44,307 women voted no concerning woman suffrage.