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Teaching Students with Different Learning Styles, Cognitive Styles, and Forms of Intelligence
Transcript of Teaching Students with Different Learning Styles, Cognitive Styles, and Forms of Intelligence
Ways to teach Musical Intelligence
Play background music for various activities and different moods in the classroom.
Encourage students to assemble songs, raps, or chants that recaps, synthesize, or apply meanings from subjects they are learning.
Read books with rhythmic language.
Give musical plays and performances integrated in the cirriculum.
Spatial intelligence is referred to as “visual thinking”. It is the capability to understand three-dimensional shapes and images. It also deals with interpreting and making judgements about the shape, size, movement, and relationships between surrounding objects. Training spatial intelligence can improve various areas of the brain such as memory, thinking, and cognitive abilities.
Teaching through Spatial Intelligence
Musical Intelligence refers to the ability to distinguish and interpret musical pitches, timbre, and tones. Those that possess musical intelligence frequently use musical patterns and rhythm as a strategy for memorization.
Those that are spatial intelligent learn best by using visuals, Illustrations and hands on activities. They have a very strong imagination and best express themselves by drawing and creating forms. The best teaching methods are.
Creating objects with their own hands
Individuals that are strong in intrapersonal intelligence are excellent at being aware of their own emotional states, feelings and motivations. Their strengths are are Introspection and Self-Reflection.
One-minute reflection periods.
A one-minute reflection period gives students time to grasp the information given in a lesson or to relate it to events in their own lives. It also offers a change of pace which helps students stay attentive and prepared for the next activity.
choice time consists of building in opportunities for students to make decisions about their learning experiences. Such as Picking their own topic for a project.
This involves students to list some of their long term and short term goals. Students can also represent these goals through graphs, charts, journals, and time lines).
Teaching Students with Intrapersonal Intelligence
Those who possess strong interpersonal intelligence are good at understanding and interacting with others. They are very social and gifted at evaluating the emotions, motivations, desires and intentions of those around them. They learn best through contact and dialogue.
Best ways To teach Interpersonal Intelligence
Interpersonal learners benefit most by cooperating and sharing ideas with their peers. They work best in groups and take pleasure in collaborative work styles. It is essential for students with this intelligence to have interactive activities in the classroom to enhance their learning abilities.
Naturalist intelligence is the ability to identify, classify and draw upon certain features of the environment. Naturalistically inclined individuals have a great love and interest for the outdoors including plants and animals. The way to enhance their learning is to incorporate nature in the lessons being taught. For example in math students can measure the growth of plants or create fun science projects such as planting.
What does being exceptional mean?
As stated in class, an exceptional student is one who differs from the norm in that they are disabled or gifted and require special education services.
The actual diagnosis of what makes a child exceptional can be one of many. So the question is, how do teachers teach exceptional students? Its best to first learn about the exceptionality.
Teaching with Different Learning Styles, Cognitive Styles, and Forms of Intelligence
How to teach students with learning disabilities
These students need a lot of positive reinforcement to gain the confidence they need to get through the many challenges they are to face. Admiration in ones self is key.
Reduce work loads
Use specific language & step by step instructions
Use graphic organizers to understand the relationship between ideas
Use lots of examples and references
Have daily routines
How to teach students with physical disabilities
Although these students do need special help, it is important that they are given the opportunities to learn some independence so that they are not brought up to be 100% reliant on others. Teachers must be aware and sensitive to the students needs.
Speak directly to the student
Give extended time on assignments
Make sure the classroom is easy to travel through
Read aloud and give printed copies of transparencies to students with vision problems
Place students in seats best for them whether it be closer to the board or at a larger (special) table.
Expect no less in terms of academic achievement.
What is a gifted student?
Gifted students are students who perform at levels they are not expected to reach until they are older. They can have exceptional talent in a variety of areas.
Heward, W. L. (2006). Exceptional Children An Introduction to Special Education. New York, NY: Pearson Education Inc.
Teaching Children with Learning Disabilities. Web. 15 June 2003. Retrieved from http://www.learningrx.com/teaching-children-with-learning-disabilities-faq.htm
What is a physical disability?
A physical disability is when a person is unable to perform certain task like most people because of a physical impairment(s). Impairments can effect sensory and or motor skills.
What are learning disabilities?
A learning disability can be inabilities to read correctly, reason with math, or trouble with syntax.
These students are usually
Unable to manage their time
Have poor retention
Do not follow instructions well
Have confusion with symbols
Are slow readers
Have trouble taking notes
Because of this, poor social skills and low self esteem also become a factor in the students life.
How to teach gifted students
Teachers must find out what the student is gifted in and take it into consideration when giving them work. It is not uncommon for them to finish work more quickly than their classmates and get bored with "regular" work.
Don't just give them more work, help them reach levels they otherwise didn't know they could
These students may become sensitive if they get any grade other than an A. Let them know it is okay and that they are not expected to be perfect.
Cognitive, Affective, and Physiological Domains
A student's cognitive domain is the student's preferred way of interpreting and processing information. It refers to how the student takes in information and how they memorize and retain the information. For example, a student who prefers to learn from graphs, pictures, and diagrams would have a cognitive domain focused around visual learning.
A student's affective domain has to do with the student's personal characteristics, like their attitudes and values. Some students will have an affective domain that makes them extremely driven and independent workers, other students may prefer more communication and to work in groups. This domain refers to the student's personality to provide insight into how a student will learn best.
A student's physiological domain refers to the physical affects certain factors may have on the student's learning. An example would be the temperature of the room or if the student had breakfast before coming to school.
Howard Gardner's Nine Models of Intelligence
A Harvard psychologist named Howard Gardner identified eight kinds of intelligence, Logical-mathematical, Linguistic, Bodily- kinesthetic, musical, spatial, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist.
Logical- mathematical Intelligence
Students with logical-mathematical intelligence excel with work that involves problem solving and reasoning.
These students are good at analyzing problems and are able to construct and understand abstract ideas.
Teaching Students with Logical-mathematical Intelligence
When teaching students with logical-mathematical intelligence you should do projects and activities that allow them to think critically, like solving complex equations or conducting experiments.
Incorporating math games or critical thinking games like chess into your lesson plan will appeal to students with this intelligence as well.
Linguistic intelligence students are good at using and comprehending words.
Linguistic intelligence students recognize patterns and sounds quickly, and are able to learn grammar with ease.
These students enjoy to read and write papers and are often labeled as "word smart."
Ways to Teach Linguistic
When teaching linguistic learners it is important to incorporate reading into the lesson. This can be group readings or silent personal reading.
Writing papers or poems, having debates and public speaking assignments are all great ways to appeal to this kind of student.
Bodily- Kinesthetic Intelligence
Bodily- kinesthetic students are students that learn best through movement and physical hands on activity. These students have great reflexes and hand-eye coordination. They are able to carryout physical tasks skillfully.
Teaching Students with Bodily- Kinesthetic Intelligence
Because these students learn more effectively through movement the best teaching methods for this group of intelligence are:
- Hands on crafts
- Role playing
The diversity of a classroom can be exciting and intimidating, the teacher must be able to conform to different learning styles and techniques, and implement new ideas into their curriculum to appeal to all students.
These slides will go over some of the different learning styles, cognitive styles, and forms of intelligence in diverse classroom, and how to teach students of all kinds.
Sadker, David Miller, and Karen R. Zittleman. Teachers, schools, and society. 9th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010. Print.
"INTELLIGENCES." INTELLIGENCES. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2013.
"learning-styles-online.com." Learning Styles Online.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2013. <http://learning-styles-online.com/>.