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Asian Art (Chinese, Japanese, Korean, India, Indonesia, Middle East, Philippines)
Transcript of Asian Art (Chinese, Japanese, Korean, India, Indonesia, Middle East, Philippines)
1. A love of, and reverence for, Nature.
2. A strong connection with calligraphy done with brushes ; quite often, the 2 elements are combined. CHINESE ART It respects nature, and the extensive use of quiet and subdued colors is manifested in Korean paintings and ceramics. Humor is another characteristic of Korean Art. Bold exaggeration, the acceptance of non-symmetrical cubic objects, and unique spatial beauty conveyed by imperfect roundness are examples of humor in Korean art. KOREAN ART Indian art features spirals and curvaceous lines, vines and tendrils, round-figured goddesses, circular amulets, colored gemstones, arches and domes, haloed deities, crescent moons, and the globe of the sun.
Indian sculptures and paintings depict the diversity, colour and spontaneity of this country and are representations of the all-encompassing nature of Indian culture. INDIAN ART The most famous of Indonesian traditional paintings are the Balinese Wayang-style paintings. This style of painting flourished on the Indonesian isle of Bali throughout the 13th century. Wayang-style paintings are depictions of Wayang theater, staged interpretations of the classic Hindu-Javanese texts, such as the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, performed by intricate shadow puppets. The paintings are two-dimensional characters from the Wayang performances drawn on bark or cloth with earth-toned natural dyes. INDONESIAN ART Islamic art is not at all restricted to religious art, but includes all the art of the rich and varied cultures of Islamic societies as well. It frequently includes secular elements and elements that are frowned upon, if not forbidden, by some Islamic theologians. MIDDLE EASTERN ART Japanese artists retain traditional themes and techniques. In the later half of the 19th century, Japanese art, which is valued for its simplicity and colorful style, had an impact on other western forms of art A sense of quiet harmony is other characteristic of Korean art, meaning that there is no excess, the right materials being selected in scale with the surroundings. With all these characteristics, the Korean arts have been imbued with a unique aesthetic sense which depicts beauty with honesty and simplicity that is free of artifice. Figurative painting may cover religious scenes, but normally in essentially secular contexts such as the walls of palaces or illuminated books of poetry. There are repeating elements in Islamic art, such as the use of geometrical floral or vegetal designs in a repetition known as the arabesque. The arabesque in Islamic art is often used to symbolize the transcendent, indivisible and infinite nature of God. Typically, though not entirely, Islamic art has focused on the depiction of patterns and Arabic calligraphy, rather than on figures, because it is feared by many Muslims that the depiction of the human form is idolatry and thereby a sin against God, forbidden in the Qur'an. During the 19th century, the use of watercolor paintings increased and the subject matter of paintings began to include landscapes, Filipino inhabitants, Philippine fashion, and government officials. Portrait paintings featured the painters themselves, Filipino jewelry, and native furniture. The subject of landscape paintings featured artists' names painted ornately as well as day-to-day scenes of average Filipinos partaking in their daily tasks. These paintings were done on canvas, wood, and a variety of metals. PHILIPPINE ART