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Abridged_FA16_News writing days 2 & 3

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Nicole Cox

on 19 October 2016

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Transcript of Abridged_FA16_News writing days 2 & 3

News Writing
(Continued)
News Sources:
* People
* Observational
* Stored Docs
When using people as sources, ALWAYS identify yourself as a media professional
Six types of Interview questions :
1.) Closed-ended
2.) Open-ended
3.) Hypothetical
4.) Agree-disagree
5.) Probes
6.) Personal questions

Observation= more than just watching an event or being there…
Stored documents...





Verification= making sure that the information you provide to audiences is correct…

Attribution= you tell audience members where the information in a news story came from.
Dishonesty= Can take the form of falsification, plagiarism, and misrepresentation....

Dishonesty is the “deadliest sin” of the media professional.
Falsifying information= making up information that is not true, or presenting information in such a way that the audience draws the wrong conclusion.

Misrepresentation= when a media professional appears to be something s/he is not…
Two types of news stories:

* Events
* Ideas
Event Stories
= must know when and where the event is, who will be involved, and what significance the event has for audiences.
Idea Stories
= What is the idea about, who is involved, who/what/where will it affect?
People as sources= interviewing!
...must be an active observer



...Remember that not all documents are equal…you must be skeptical of the information you find.
It is especially important to question accuracy and credibility when information is provided to you.

.......why?
The best news stories are written by reporters who use all three types of information.
Presenting the news...
Presentation should match the image and tone of the news outlet, the person reading it, and the story itself.


Three approaches to delivering news:
1. Straight news approach
2. Interpretive approach
3. Investigative approach
Ethical Delivery of the News
Example: LA Times reporter, Ken Dilanian, and his stories involving the CIA. (2013)
Falsifying information also pertains to when we mislead our audience...
- Information can be taken out of context, only portions of quotes are used, information is manipulated (or key portions are left out), etc.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/01/23/rachel-maddow-misquote-obama-barack-politico-washington-post_n_4652054.html
http://www.cbsnews.com/news/60-minutes-apologizes-for-benghazi-report/
Plagiarism= using the ideas and words of others without providing attribution...
Web Journalism
Online writing is similar to other media forms, but also contains unique differences...

1.) Immediacy=
Information can be loaded instantaneously, and can be edited/added relatively quickly.

2.) Flexibility= The web can handle a variety of formats that other mediums can’t (i.e., video, text, still pictures, graphs, etc.).
3.) Permanency= We no longer have to worry about tangible materials deteriorating or being lost…


4.) Capacity= the web has alleviated (practically) all constraints associated with other mediums.
5.) Mobility= We have information anywhere and everywhere we go...
6.) Interactivity= The web offers a greater variety of options...consumers can choose their information, and give feedback accordingly.
Naming, shaming, jailing
Investigative journalism is not always undercover, but undercover journalism is always investigative.
Important distinction:
Writing for sports is very similar to (traditional) news writing
* follows dramatic unity
* contains a theme that ties facts together
* relies on short leads and opening statements that answer the who, what, when, where, why, and how questions.
Straight sportscast v. Sports feature program
Summarizes the results of sports events and reports on news of sports in general.
Covers sport personalities, background stories, anecdotes, or dramatizations of sports events. These are the "human interest" stories of sport broadcasts.
Full transcript