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Evaluate the influence of two major theories of ageing on health and social care provision
Transcript of Evaluate the influence of two major theories of ageing on health and social care provision
Evaluate how two theories of ageing influence health and social care provision
what is old age?
pregnancy and birth
- an attempt to explain our experience of reality
Social Disengagement theory
Elaine Cumming and William Henry
- Based on interviews with hundreds of healthy men and women aged between 50 - 90 years living in Kansas, USA.
- Interviews carried out over ten years, starting in 1950
- “ageing is an inevitable, mutual withdrawal or disengagement, resulting in decreased interaction between the ageing person and others in the social system he/she belongs to.” Cummings and Henry 1961
- Relationships change as people get older
- As age increases, social engagement decreases
- Withdrawal from society not inevitable
- Does not account for individual personality types
- Bleak outlook for older age
- As people age, they lose the identity they had in work or in family life. Those who continue to participate in activities and interact socially have a higher quality of life and tend to be healthier and live longer, in part because it enhances a sense of self.
- Staying active in older age is the most advantageous approach to ageing
- Life satisfaction is related to activity and social engagement
- Peoples' attitudes and expectations change with changes in their circumstances
SOCIAL STRUCTURAL INFLUENCES
HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE
STATE PROVISION -
NHS AND SOCIAL SERVICES
Residential care homes
of all care in Wales*
National and local
Development through the Life Stages
Value the Individual
Promote/ Maintain Independence
Social Interaction important
"Adding life to years, not just years to life" WHO 2012