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Evaluate the influence of two major theories of ageing on health and social care provision

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s williams

on 26 June 2013

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Transcript of Evaluate the influence of two major theories of ageing on health and social care provision

D2
Evaluate how two theories of ageing influence health and social care provision
Life Stages
what is old age?
conception,
pregnancy and birth
childhood
adolescence
adulthood
- an attempt to explain our experience of reality
Theories
Theories
of ageing
Social Disengagement theory
Activity Theory
Elaine Cumming and William Henry
1961
"Growing Old"

- Based on interviews with hundreds of healthy men and women aged between 50 - 90 years living in Kansas, USA.

- Interviews carried out over ten years, starting in 1950

Main Elements;

- “ageing is an inevitable, mutual withdrawal or disengagement, resulting in decreased interaction between the ageing person and others in the social system he/she belongs to.” Cummings and Henry 1961

- Relationships change as people get older

- As age increases, social engagement decreases

Critisms;

- Withdrawal from society not inevitable
- Does not account for individual personality types
- Bleak outlook for older age

Robert Havighurst
1963
USA

Main Elements;

- As people age, they lose the identity they had in work or in family life. Those who continue to participate in activities and interact socially have a higher quality of life and tend to be healthier and live longer, in part because it enhances a sense of self.

- Staying active in older age is the most advantageous approach to ageing

- Life satisfaction is related to activity and social engagement

Critisms;

- Peoples' attitudes and expectations change with changes in their circumstances

INDIVIDUAL INFLUENCES
BIOLOGICAL INFLUENCES
SOCIAL STRUCTURAL INFLUENCES
HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE
PROVISION
THIRD SECTOR
PRIVATE SECTOR
STATE PROVISION -
NHS AND SOCIAL SERVICES
INFORMAL CARE
Hospices
Residential care homes
Nursing homes
Hospitals
Community care
GPs
Health centres
Ambulance
Specialist hospitals
Unpaid carers
provide 70-80%
of all care in Wales*
National and local
Charities
Religious
organisations
Home care
PIPs
EPP
Unit 4
Development through the Life Stages
Voluntary work
Principles
Value the Individual
Promote/ Maintain Independence
Social Interaction important
"Adding life to years, not just years to life" WHO 2012
Full transcript