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Movie Music- science project

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by

Jonathan Wilson

on 8 May 2013

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Transcript of Movie Music- science project

MOVIE MUSIC Question: How does the; scale,melody,key, and tempo of music change when put in; Happy, Sad, Scary, and Action movies? By Jonathan Wilson Variables Independent Variable: The independent variable in my experiment is the type of movie categories (happy, sad, scary, and action) and the movie that each scene came from. Dependent Variable: The dependent variable in my experiment is the; scale, melody, key, and tempo of the music in each movie scene. Controls Same amount of time each scene is heard.
Same questions for each scene.
Same website used to get the scenes (YouTube.com).
Same volume level to hear each scene.
Same computer used to display the scenes.
Same person to find the scenes being used for the experiment.
Same number of scenes (5) for each movie category (happy, sad, scary, and action). Materials 1 DVD player or Computer
4 Volunteers (2 female, 2 male)
20 Scenes from different categories of movies Ex: happy, sad, scary, action etc.)
1 Lab notebook
4 Pens or pencils etc.
16 Data Tables, 4 for each volunteer (1 for each category)
1 Prezi, Power Point, Tri-fold etc. Procedure 1.Select 3-4 scene types to investigate, such as action, scary, happy, or sad scenes.
2.For each scene type that you choose, find at least 5 examples from ten of the children's full-length, feature movies. It is unlikely that you will find all scene types in one movie, so you will need to gather scenes from different movies until you find five examples of each scene type. For example, one movie might have a lot of action scenes, so you might be able to get three action examples from that one, and find two more examples in two other movies. Another movie might have a lot of scary and some action scenes, so you might be able to find both action and scary scenes from that one. Each example scene should be at least 20 seconds long, and should be accompanied by music, preferably instrumental or classical music (without singing). Procedure Continued 3.Try to figure out which main instruments are being used to accompany the scene. For example, do you hear mostly the banging of drums or the clash of cymbals? If so, write down "percussion" in a data table like the one below. If you hear violins or cellos, then write down "strings." If you hear big brassy sounding trumpets, then write down "horns."

4.Listen to the scene again and see if you can hear rising or falling scales. A rising scale is like the sequence do-re-mi-fa-so-la-ti-do, while a falling scale is the reverse. When you listen for a scale, you don't have to hear a whole scale to say you've found a rising or falling scale; it can just be part of it; for example, do-re-mi. Write down your observations in your data table.

5.Listen again and focus on the melody. Is it high-pitched like the songs of birds? Or low-pitched and deep sounding? Record your observations. Procedure Continued 7.Finally, count out the beats per minute, or tempo, of the scene. You can tap or clap out the beats yourself for 10 seconds and then multiply by 6 to get beats per minute (bpm), or you can use a software tool to measure the tempo. Record the tempo you measured.
8.When you are done making your data tables, analyze each one. For example, when you look at all the action scenes that you evaluated, is there a dominant instrument that was used in every action scene, or in nearly every one? Was the tempo consistently fast in all the action scenes you evaluated? Did you see rising scales? Falling scales? Or was there a mix of both? Record your analysis in the last column of each data table.
9.Look at and compare the last columns in each data table. Do any features stand out? When filmmakers make an action scene, how would you describe the instrumental or classical music that they use to accompany the scene? How about the music for scary, happy, or sad scenes? Facing The Music! In this project I had the challenge of finding all the movie scenes that I would use. Five for scenes for; happy, sad, scary, and action. Finding these wasn't easy but I decided that if I'm going to use movie scenes for my science project that I might as well pick them from movies that I love. So I decided to include the movie scenes that I used because depending on what kind of person you are depends on what your favorite movies are, so here are mine hope you enjoy them!

- Jonathan Happy Scene #1: "The Sound of Music" Happy Scene #2: "Shout" from Sister Act Happy Scene #3: "Zip- a-dee-do-da" Happy Scene #4: "Jolly Holiday" from Mary Poppins Happy Scene #5: "Walking On Sunshine" from Ella Enchanted Sad Scene #1: "Man in the Mirror" from Joyful Noise Sad Scene #2: "Reflection" from Mulan Sad Scene #3: "Hopelessly Devoted To You" from Grease Sad Scene #4: "There Are Worse Things I Could Do" from Grease Sad Scene #5: "Feed the Birds" from Mary Poppins Scary Scene #1: "Cruella De Vil" from 101 Dalmatians Scary Scene #2: "Jaws Theme" from Jaws Scary Scene #3: "Thriller" by Michael Jackson Scary Scene #4: "Dracula Theme" from Dracula Scary Scene #5: "Fire" from The Hunger Games Action Scene #1: "Life is a Highway" from Cars Action Scene #2: "Don't Rain On My Parade" from Funny Girl Action Scene #3: "Avengers Theme" from The Avengers Action Scene #4: "The Jitterbug" (out take) from The Wizard of Oz Action Scene #5: "I Have Confidence" from The Sound of Music Data Table For my experiment I decided to put together packets for each member of my family that was participating in my project my; Mom, Dad, Sister, and Me. Each of the packets had five data tables in them one for each movie scene category; Happy, Sad, Scary, and Action. Each data table looked like this: Hypothesis: My hypothesis is; that the; scale, melody, key, and tempo of music will change when put in; Happy, Sad, Scary, and Action movies. Data Table Continued In the next few slides I will show you the information that the people in my family filled out in all four of the movie scene categories. I will have one slide for each movie scene type and the information that was given in each slide, there are four data tables, one for each member of my family; Mom, Dad, Sister, and Me. So without further ado I would like to show you the information that I got from my family. There was a place in each data table that was labeled: "Dominant Instruments" this was optional for my contestants, but on some movie scenes they did put down the instruments that they heard, this part of the data table had nothing to do with the experiment in was just for fun. Happy Scenes My Information Mom's Information Victoria's Information Dad's Information Sad Scenes My Information Mom's Information Victoria's Information Dad's Information Scary Scenes My Information Mom's Information Victoria's Information Dad's Information Action Scenes My Information Mom's Information Victoria's Information Dad's Information Results My whole family participated in the experiment ,together our data proves that tempo, scale, melody, and key of music does change when put in; happy, sad, scary, and action movies. All together me and my family agreed that the tempo did change when put in Happy movies. The tempo also changed when put in Sad movies. It also changed when put in Scary and Action movies. The scale, melody, and key did the same thing. Even though it was hard for me to explain the experiment to my family it came out that my Hypothesis was right. Conclusion My question was: How does the; scale, melody, key, and tempo of music change when put in; happy, sad, scary, and action movies? My hypothesis was: That the; scale, melody, key, and tempo will change when put in; happy, sad, scary, and action movies. I thought that the answer to my question would be that sometimes the; scale, melody, key, and tempo of music would change depending on the type of music used in the movie. I accept my hypothesis because it turned out to be correct and my data shows this. Some data that brought me to accept my hypothesis was that my family rated each movies scene as I showed it, and every video had an assortment of "yes" or "no" answers as you saw from my data tables previously. Conclusion Continued I think my results are accurate because, I proved that music does change when put in different types of movies. Some data to support this claim is my evidence/ data table, for example the song "Don't Rain On My Parade" from the musical and movie Funny Girl received; 4 "yeses" for rising scale, 4 "yeses" for falling scale, 4 "yeses" for high- pitched melody, 0 for low- pitched melody, 2 "yeses" for minor key, 3 "yeses" for major key, 0 for slow tempo, and 4 "yeses" for fast tempo. In summary I can conclude that, the; scale, melody, key and tempo do change when put in; happy, sad, scary, and action movies. Conclusion Continued My experiment is significant to the real-world because, Have you ever seen a great movie and then rushed out and bought its soundtrack? Did the soundtrack bring back the thrill of an action chase? Or the sadness one of the movie's characters felt? Music is a big part of the movie experience. It intensifies the emotions in scenes so that you don't just jump when that hairy spider comes around the corner, you scream! An example of this in real life is, musicians use rising and falling scales in there music to elicit emotions from the people watching or observing the movie playing in the theater or your home living room. Conclusion Continued If I were to ever repeat this experiment again I would, probably change the types of movie categories that I used and have more than four test subjects, because having more test subjects would enable me to explore further into my experiment. I will say that there was a lot more that I could have done with this experiment. I technically could have explored it way more than I already have. I think that it would be fun to explore this experiment further or in future science projects. The End
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