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Transcript of Ideology
Critical Theories with
a Collaborative Definition of ideology
The Big Picture
Ideology is formed through language and the "discourse" of a time period
Language (which in turn is discourse) is the "vehicle of ideology"
The discourses of a time period and the way people interact are influential on forming the ideologies of the time
for example: how power is maintained
Ideology present during a historical time can be seen and understood through the literary texts of the time
Marxist Criticism's ideology is similar to New Historicist in that both try to maintain power through discourse
However, for Marxist it is from class division
Ideology reinforces the socioeconomic statuses of humans
because "getting and keeping economic power is the motive behind all social and political activities"
Ideologies are formed through a shared belief system
Ideologies are a vital part of history because they affect how all social structures of the past and present have been formed and maintained and that they can be exchanged and altered through discourse
Difference between these definitions to those with a collaborative definition
The collaborative definitions each have something that relates them all to each other- countering oppression
The stronger definitions have clearly defined ideologies within the critical theories while the collaborative definitions have vague and cloudy definition of an ideology (with the exception of feminism)
Central aspect of ideology is the worldview that racism is wrong
racism is an ideology that is a source of oppression
In the literature canon, there is very little presence on African American art
African American Criticism also denounces the concept of the Social Construct of Race
this is what society has constructed to be described as race based off of physical appearance not necessarily ancestry
This ideology works toward two things
destroy the social construction of race which could potentially destroy their own racial identity
Ideology's goal is to reveal the oppressiveness colonizer, particularly in terms of being "othered"
Being deemed as "other" can be seen as demonic or exotic but the underlying view is
Portrayal of colonization in literature demonstrates this belief by portraying the colonizers as the protagonists who help, educate, clothe, "civilize", etc the colonized
The ideology want to make its view clear that this act of colonizing is wrong
Lesbian, Gay, & Queer
The ideology of Lesbian, Gay, and Queer Criticism is to free individuals from the constraints of a heliocentric belief system.
want to be free from oppression of being looked down on because of the sexual identity
The ideology in this criticism is trying to discount oppressive homophobia and view everyone as strange, alien, and wrong
the point trying to get across is that all sexualities are equal, no one should be oppressed, and everybody should be allowed to retain identity
Want to express identity rather than the African American approach with wants to destroy identity
This ideology also addresses oppression
Main ideology is that women live in a society ruled by the patriarchal ideology
focuses on all the ways men oppress women "economically, politically, socially, and psychologically" (92)
The reason this is a collaborative definition is because it is fighting against oppression like the rest of the criticisms
The Function of Ideology in Literature
Ideology exists in every literary theory.
Most literary theories function in similar ways to promote their own ideologies
Ideology in Action
Ideology exists EVERYWHERE!
Everybody is affected by ideology
Studying critical theories can affect how we view literature and the world, so it can can influence our "worldview," i.e., ideology.
What Does This
Attempted “Conversion” to Different Ideologies signify?
It isn’t good or bad.
It demonstrates how literature is a major catalyst for ideological change.
Important to remember that no form of literature or literary theory is objective: all are formed by ideology!
2 examples to show this common pattern:
Feminist and Deconstructive Criticism.
Step 1. Realize that the critical theory’s ideology will conflict with the reader’s preconceived ideological notions.
The readers are affected by the patriarchal ideology
The readers are affected by any ideology
Portray this ideology as flawed or ineffective
Show why patriarchal ideology is unjust and oppressive
Show how every ideology is flawed and oppressive
Once readers perceive how flawed their ideologies are, they will be more willing to consider the critical theory and the conflicting ideology.
The patriarchal ideology is wrong and must be changed.
Women and men are equal, should be given the same opportunities, and should be viewed in the same way.
The reader’s ideology is flawed and must be deconstructed.
All ideologies and flawed and they must be analyzed critically to reveal their inadequacies.
Therefore, as readers’ critical view of literature changes when encountering different literary theories,
ideologies may also be challenged, adjusted, and changed by the ideologies put forth within these
What are the implications?
If literary theories are considered inconsequential and unnecessary, then readers and society risk keeping themselves in a state of unchanging ideologies
It becomes difficult for new ideas to evolve in a place where people do not think critically (about society
A society in which new ideas are spurned will result in the impossibility of progressive social change.
If any one theory is taken too seriously, then people may become brainwashed by an ideology.
They will then be unwilling to see the world or literature in any other way, thus resulting, once again, in a society loath to change.
What makes it collaborative?
A shared set of beliefs and values in a culture and society.
All the definitions are related in the sense that they all wish to end oppression.
They unify a group of people by creating a common identity