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History of the Short Story

from the oral tradition to the modern short story
by

Dana Linde

on 10 September 2015

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Transcript of History of the Short Story

from the Oral Tradition
to the Modern Short Story

Folklore
Early Literary Tradition
The Short Story Develops
as a Literary Form
Modern Short Stories
Which stories are most suitable
for your you?
Why did early human beings tell stories?
Stories from the Oral Tradition
Short Story Writers of the 19th C.
Stories with a
'twist' ending
Selecting Suitable Stories
Short History of the Short Story
to explain their beliefs about
the natural and human world
to remember the great deeds
of past kings and heroes
to teach moral principles
as a form of entertainment
myths
fables
parables
folktales
fairy tales
legends
ghost stories
trickster tales
urban legends
Aesop's Fables
(6th C. B.C., Greece)
Scheherazade's
One Thousand and One Nights
(10th C., Persia)
Geoffrey Chaucer
The Canterbury Tales
(14th C., England)
Sir Thomas Malory
The Death of Arthur
(15th C., England)
Charles Perrault
Tales and Stories of the Past with Morals
(late 17th C., France)
Brothers Grimm
Grimms' Fairy Tales
(early 19th C., Germany)
Hans Christian Andersen
Fairy Tales
(19th C., Denmark)
Little Red Riding Hood
Sleeping Beauty
Cinderella
Hansel and Gretel
Rumpelstiltskin
Snow White
The Emperor's New Clothes
The Little Mermaid
The Ugly Duckling
Nathaniel Hawthorne
(1804-1864)
Edgar Allan Poe
(1809-1849)
Guy de Maupassant
(1850-1893)
Oscar Wilde
(1854-1900)
Sir Arthur
Conan Doyle
(1859-1930)
Anton Chekhov
(1860-1904)
Robert Louis Stevenson
(1850-1894)
Chekhovian stories
('slice of life')
science fiction
ghost/horror stories
love/romance stories
adventure stories
fractured fairy tales
children's literature
detective/crime stories
O. Henry
(Sidney Portier)
Saki
(H. H. Munro)
Roald Dahl
D. H. Lawrence
Katherine Mansfield
Ernest Hemingway
H. G. Wells
Isaac Asimov
Arthur C. Clarke
Philip K.
Dick
Ray Bradbury
G. K. Chesterton
Agatha
Christie
John Grisham
Stephen King
M. R. James
H. P. Lovecraft
Ha Jin
W. Somerset Maugham
Jack London
Rudyard Kipling
Dr. Seuss
Shel Silverstein
Paul Jennings
Michael Morpurgo
Maurice Sendak
Edgar Allan Poe
(1809-1849)
Phillip Pullman
Jon Scieszka
A. J. Jacobs
Edgar Allan Poe was considered the master of this genre in America, however.
short,concentrated tale
able to be read in a single sitting
leaves a powerful impression on the reader
Modern literary experts have modified Poe's definition. Today a short story is a piece of literature that features:
limited characters
restricted settings
narrow range of action
Short stories should also be under 7,500 words.
The first story ever told was spoken; it was not written down. It was known as the pure myth. From that point forward, people used bits and pieces of what they had heard in creating their own stories.
Full transcript