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Infectious Disease Transmitted to a Phlebotomist

Case Study
by

Jose Martinez

on 5 September 2013

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Transcript of Infectious Disease Transmitted to a Phlebotomist

Jose Martinez Case Study: infectious disease
transmitted to a Phlebotomist Needlestick injuries expose workers to blood borne pathogens
HIV
HBV
HCV
Others Biohazard The emotional impact of a needlestick injury can be severe and long lasting, even when a serious infection is not transmitted. Physical & Emotional
Stress Activities Associated with a Needlestick Injury Recapping
Transfering a body fluid between containers
Failure to dispose in sharps container After performing phlebotomy on a patient with AIDS, a health care worker sustained a deep needlestick injury with the used phlebotomy needle. Case Study Blood from the collection tube also spilled into the space between the wrist and cuff of the health care worker’s gloves, contaminating her chapped hands. Case Study She had a negative baseline HIV test and refused medication. Exposure Because her patient was not known to have HCV infection and did not have clinical evi- dence of liver disease, the health care worker did not receive baseline testing for exposure to HCV. Eight months after the incident, the health care worker was hospitalized with acute hepatitis. Symptoms She was found to be seropositive for HIV 9 months after the incident.

Sixteen months after the incident, she tested positive for anti-HCV antibodies and was diagnosed with chronic HCV infection. Infection Her clinical condition continued to deteriorate, and she died 28 months after the needlestick injury Diseased Sources Preventing Needlestick Injuries in Health Care Settings
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2000-108/

Ridzon, R., Gallagher, K., Ciesielski, C., Mast, E. E., & al, e. (1997). Simultaneous transmission of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus from a needle-stick injury. The New England Journal of Medicine, 336(13), 919-22. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/223961007?accountid=13194

White Background image
http://newevolutiondesigns.com/images/freebies/white-wallpaper-8.jpg

Hand Washing image
http://www.popsci.com/files/imagecache/article_image_large/articles/hand-washing.gif

Virus Wallpaper image
http://hqwallpapers.eu/high-definition-wallpaper/virus-desktop-wallpaper-1130641/

Needle image
http://img.ehowcdn.com/article-new/ehow/images/a06/7l/ts/hands_on-science-activities-blood-1.1-800x800.jpg

Blood Collection Tube image
http://www.cancervic.org.au/images/donor/alt_research_pic.jpg

Disposable Syringe with Needle image
http://www.multicaresurgical.com/product.aspx?id=Disposable%20Syringes

Causes of Needlestick Injury
http://www.bd.com/us/safety/facts.asp
Full transcript